Basic Principles

Article 1
(1) All public power in Sweden proceeds from the people.

(2) Swedish democracy is founded on freedom of opinion and on universal and equal suffrage. It shall be realized through a representative and parliamentary polity and through local self-government.

(3) Public power shall be exercised under the law.
Article 2
(1) Public power shall be exercised with respect for the equal worth of all and for the freedom and dignity of the individual.

(2) The personal, economic and cultural welfare of the individual shall be fundamental aims of public activity.  In particular, it shall be incumbent upon the public administration to secure the right to work, housing and education, and to promote social care and social security and a good living environment.

(3) The public administration shall promote the ideals of democracy as guidelines in all sectors of society.  The public administration shall guarantee equal rights to men and women and protect the private and family lives of the individual.

(4) Opportunities should be promoted for ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities to preserve and develop a cultural and social life of their own.
Article 3
The Instrument of Government, the Act of Succession and the Freedom of the Press Act are the fundamental laws of the Realm.
Article 4
(1) The Parliament is the foremost representative of the people.

(2) The Parliament enacts the laws, determines taxes and decides how public funds shall be used.  The Parliament shall examine the government and administration of the country.
Article 5
(1) The King or Queen who occupies the throne of Sweden in accordance with the Act of Succession shall be the Head of State.

(2) The provisions of this Instrument of Government which relate to the King shall relate also to the Queen if she is the Head of State.
Article 6
The Government rules the country.  It is responsible to the Parliament.
Article 7
(1) There are primary and regional local government communes in Sweden.  The decision-making power in the communes is exercised by elected assemblies.

(2) The communes may levy taxes in order to perform theirtasks.
Article 8
Courts of law exist for the administration of justice, and central and local government administrative authorities exist for the public administration.
Article 9
Courts, public authorities and others performing functions within the public administration shall observe in their work the equality of all persons before the law and shall maintain objectivity and impartiality.