(1) All citizens shall be guaranteed the following in their relations with the public administration:
- freedom of expression the freedom to communicate information and to express ideas, opinions and emotions, whether orally, in writing, in pictorial representations, or in any other way;
- freedom of information: the freedom to obtain and receive information and otherwise acquaint oneself with the utterances of others;
- freedom of assembly: the freedom to organize or attend any meeting for information purposes or for the expression of opinions or for any other similar purpose or for the purpose of presenting artistic work;
- freedom to demonstrate: the freedom to organize or take part in any demonstration in a public place;
- freedom of association: the freedom to unite with others for public or private purposes; and
- freedom of worship: the freedom to practice one's own religion either alone or in company with others.
(2) In the case of the freedom of the press the provisions of the Freedom of the Press Act shall apply. That act also contains provisions concerning the right of access to public documents.
All citizens shall be protected in their relations with the public administration against all coercion to divulge an opinion in any political, religious, cultural or other similar connection. They shall furthermore be protected in their relations with the public administration against all coercion to participate in any meeting for the formation of opinion or in any demonstration or other expression of opinion or to belong to any political association, religious congregation or other association for opinions of the nature referred to in the first sentence.
(1) No record about a citizen in a public register may be based without his consent solely on his political opinions.
(2) Citizens shall be protected to the extent determined in detail by law against any infringement of their personal integrity resulting from the registration of information about them by means of electronic data processing.
There shall be no capital punishment.
All citizens shall be protected against corporal punishment. All citizens shall likewise be protected against torture or any medical influence or intervention for the purpose of extorting or suppressing statements.
All citizens shall be protected in their relations with the public administration against any physical violation also in cases otherthan those referred to in Articles 4 and 5. Citizens shall likewise be protected against physical search, house searches or other similar encroachments and against examination of mail or other confidential correspondence and against eavesdropping, telephone-tapping or recording of other confidential communications.
(1) No citizen may be deported or refused entry to Sweden.
(2) No citizen who is resident in Sweden or who has been resident in Sweden may be deprived of his citizenship unless he becomes at the same time a national of another state, at his express consent or because he has taken employment in the public service. It may however be prescribed that children under the age of eighteen shall have the same nationality as their parents or of one of their parents. It may furthermore be prescribed that, in pursuance of an agreement with a foreign state, a person who has been a national also of the other state from birth, and who is permanently resident there, shall forfeit his Swedish nationality at or after the age of eighteen.
All citizens shall be protected against deprivation of liberty in their relations with the public administration. They shall also in other respects be guaranteed freedom of movement within the Realm and freedom to depart Sweden.
(1) Where a public authority other than a court has deprived a citizen of his liberty for committing a criminal offence or because he is suspected of having committed such an offence, he shall be entitled to have the matter tested before a court of law without undue delay. This shall not, however, apply where the issue concerns the transference to Sweden of responsibility for executing a penal sanction involving deprivation of liberty which has been imposed in another state.
(2) If, for reasons other than those referred to in Paragraph (1), a citizen has been forcibly taken into custody, he shall likewise be entitled to have the matter tested before a court of law without undue delay. In such a case, examination before a tribunal shall be equated with examination before a court of law, provided that the composition of the tribunal is governed by rules of law and it is laid down that the chairman of the tribunal must be currently, or shall have been previously, a permanent judge.
(3) If an examination under Paragraphs (1) and (2) has not been referred to an authority which is competent according to the provisions laid down therein, the examination shall be carried out by a court of general jurisdiction.
(1) No penalty or other penal sanction may be imposed in respect of an act which was not subject to any penal sanction at the time it was committed. Neither may a more severe penal sanction be imposed than that which was prescribed when the act was committed. The provisions thus laid down with respect to penal sanctions apply likewise with respect to confiscation or any other special legal effects attaching to criminal offenses.
(2) No State taxes, charges, or fees may be levied except insofar as they were laid down in provisions which were in force when the circumstance arose which occasioned the liability for the tax, charge, or fee. Should the Parliament find that specific reasons so warrant, it may be provided under an Act of law that State taxes, charges, or fees shall be levied even although no such act had entered into force when the aforementioned circumstance occurred, provided that the Government or a Committee of the Parliament had submitted a proposal to this effect to the Parliament at the time concerned. For the purposes of the foregoing provision, any written communication from the Government to the Parliamentannouncing that a proposal of this nature will be forthcoming shall be equated with a formal proposal. The Parliament may furthermore prescribe that exceptions shall be made from the provisions of the first sentence if it considers that this is warranted by specific reasons connected with war, the danger of war, or severe economic crisis.
(1) No court may be set up to try an offence already committed, or for a particular dispute or otherwise for a particular case.
(2) Proceedings in the courts shall be open to the public.
(1) The rights and freedoms referred to in Article 1 (0.1)-(0.5), in Articles 6, 8, and 11 (2) may be restricted by law to the extent provided for in Articles 13-16. After authorization in law, they may be restricted by statutory order in the cases referred to in Chapter 8, Article 7 (1.7), and in Chapter 8, Article 10. Freedom of assembly and the freedom to demonstrate may similarly be restricted also in the cases referred to in Article 14 (1), second sentence.
(2) The restrictions referred to in Paragraph (1) may be imposed only to achieve a purpose acceptable in a democratic society. The restriction may never exceed what is necessary having regard to the purpose which occasioned it, nor may it be carried so far as to constitute a threat to the free formation of opinion as one of the foundations of democracy. No restriction may be imposed solely on grounds of political, religious, cultural or other such opinions.
(3) Government bills of the nature referred to in Paragraph (1), or Government bills for the amendment or repeal of such legislation, shall, if not rejected by the Parliament, be held in suspense for a period of not less than twelve months from the date on which the first report of a Parliament Committee on the Bill was submitted to the Chamber of the Parliament, on a motion by no fewer than ten members. The above provision notwithstanding, the Parliament may approve the bill if no fewer less than five sixths of those voting concur.
(4) Paragraph (3) shall not apply to any bill prolonging the life of legislation for a period of up to two years. Nor shall the said paragraph apply to any bill concerned exclusively with
- prohibition of the disclosure of matters of which a person may have acquired knowledge in the public service, or in the performance of official duties, when secrecy is called for having regard to interests under Chapter 2, Article 2 of the Freedom of the Press Act;
- house searches and similar intrusions; or
- deprivation of liberty imposed as a penal sanction for a specific act or omission.
(5) The Committee on the Constitution decides on behalf of the Parliament whether Paragraph (3) is applicable in respect of a specific bill.
(1) Freedom of expression and freedom of information may be restricted having regard to the security of the Realm, the national supply, public safety and order, the integrity of the individual, the sanctity of private life, or the prevention and prosecution of crime. Freedom of expression may also be restricted in economic activities. Freedom of expression and freedom of information may otherwise be restricted only where particularly important reasons so warrant.
(2) In judging what restrictions may be made by virtue of Paragraph (1) particular regard shall be paid to the importance of the widest possible freedom of expression and freedom of information in political, religious, professional, scientific and cultural matters.
(3) The issuing of rules and regulations which govern in detail aparticular manner of disseminating or receiving information without regard to its content shall not be deemed to restrict freedom of expression or freedom of information.
(1) Freedom of assembly and the freedom to demonstrate may be restricted for the purpose of preserving public safety and order at the meeting or demonstration, or having regard to the circulation of traffic. These freedoms may otherwise be restricted only out of regard for the security of the Realm or for the purpose of combating an epidemic.
(2) Freedom of association may be restricted only in respect of organizations whose activities are of a military nature or the like, or which involve the persecution of a population group of a particular race, skin color, or ethnic origin.
No Act of law or other statutory instrument may entail the discrimination of any citizen because he belongs to a minority on grounds of race, skin color, or ethnic origin.
No Act of law or other statutory instrument may entail the discrimination of any citizen on grounds of sex, unless the relevant provision forms part of efforts to bring about equality between men and women or relates to compulsory military service or any corresponding compulsory national service.
Any trade union or employer or association of employers shall be entitled to take strike or lock-out action or any similar measure unless otherwise provided by law or arising out of an agreement.
Article 18 [Property, Expropriation]
Every citizen whose property is requisitioned by means of an expropriation order or by any other such disposition shall be guaranteed compensation for his loss on the bases laid down in law.
Authors, artists and photographers shall own the rights to their works in accordance with provisions laid down in law.
(1) A foreigner within the Realm shall be equated with a Swedish citizen in respect of
- protection against all coercion to participate in any meeting for the formation of opinion or in any demonstration or other expression of opinion, or to belong to any religious congregation or other association (Article 2, second sentence);
- protection of personal integrity in connection with electronic data processing (Article 3 (2));
- protection against capital punishment, corporal punishment and torture and against medical intervention aimed at extorting or preventing statements;
- the right to have any deprivation of liberty on account of a criminal offence or on grounds of suspicion of having committed such an offence tested before a court of law (Article 9 (1) and (3));
- protection against retroactive penal sanctions and other retroactive effects of criminal acts and against retroactive taxes, charges or fees (Article 10);
- protection against the establishment of a court to try a particular case (Article 11 (1));
- protection against discrimination on grounds of race, skin color, ethnic origin, or sex (Articles 15 and 16);
- the right to take strike or lock-out action (Article 17); and
- the right to compensation in cases of expropriation or other such disposition (Article 18).
(2) Unless otherwise provided by special rules of law, a foreigner within the Realm shall be equated with a Swedish citizen also in respect of
- freedom of expression, freedom of information, freedom of assembly, freedom to demonstrate, freedom of association, and freedom of worship (Article 1);
- protection against all coercion to divulge an opinion (Article 2, first sentence);
- protection against physical violations also in cases other than those referred to in Articles 4 and 5, against physical search, house searches, or other similar intrusions, and against violations of confidential communications (Article 6);
- protection against deprivation of liberty (Article 8, first sentence);
- the right to have any deprivation of liberty for reasons other than a criminal offence or suspicion of having committed such an offence tested before a court (Article 9 (2) and (3));
- public court proceedings (Article 11 (2));
- protection against violations on grounds of opinion (Article 12 (2), third sentence); and
- the rights of authors, artists, and photographers to their works.
(3) With respect to the special provisions referred to in Paragraph (2), the provisions of Article 12 (3), (4), first sentence, and (5) shall apply.