Relations with other States

Article 1
Agreements with other states or with international organizations shall be concluded by the Government.
Article 2
(1) The Government may not conclude any international agreement binding upon the Realm without Parliament approval, if the agreement presupposes the amendment or abrogation of a law or the enactment of a new law, or if it otherwise concerns a matter which is for the Parliament to decide.

(2) If in a case under Paragraph (1) a special procedure has been prescribed for the decision of the Parliament, the same procedure shall be followed in connection with the approval of the agreement.

(3) Nor may the Government in cases other than cases under Paragraph (1) without the approval of the Parliament conclude any international agreement which is binding upon the Realm, if the agreement is of major importance.  The Government may, however, act without obtaining the Parliament's approval of the agreement if the interest of the Realm so requires.  In such a case the Government shall confer instead with the Foreign Affairs Advisory Council before concluding the agreement.
Article 3
The Government may commission an administrative authority to conclude international agreements in matters in which such agreements do not require any action on the part of the Parliament or of the Foreign Affairs Advisory Council.
Article 4
The provisions of Articles 1 to 3 shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to the commitment of the Realm to any international obligation in any form other than an agreement and to any denunciation of an international agreement or obligation.
Article 5
(1) Any right of decision-making which is directly based on the present Instrument of Government and which purports at the laying down of prescriptions, the use of State property or the conclusion or denunciation of international treaties or commitments may be entrusted, to a limited extent, to an international organization for peaceful cooperation of which Sweden is a member or is to become a member or to an international court of law.  No right of decision-making relating to matters concerning the enactment, amendment, or repeal of afundamental law, of the Parliament Act or of the Act concerning elections for the Parliament, or which regards a limitation of any of the rights and freedoms referred to in Chapter 2 may be thus delegated.  The provisions relating to the enactment of fundamental laws shall apply in respect of any decision concerning such delegation.  If a decision in accordance with such provisions cannot be held in suspense, the Parliament may approve a delegation of the right of decision-making by a majority of no fewer than five sixths of those present and voting and no fewer than three fourths of the total membership of the Parliament.

(2) Where it has been laid down in law that an international treaty shall have the force of Swedish law, the Parliament may prescribe by a decision taken in the order laid down in Paragraph (1) that any future amendment to the treaty, which is binding upon the Realm, shall apply also within the Realm .

(3) Any judicial or administrative function not directly based on the present Instrument of Government may be entrusted to another state, to an international organization, or to a foreign or international institution or community by means of a decision of the Parliament.  The Parliament may likewise authorize the Government or any other public authority to decide on such a delegation of functions in a particular situation.  Where the function concerned involves the exercise of public authority, the Parliament's decision shall be taken by a majority of no fewer than three fourths of those present and voting.  A decision to delegate a function of this nature may also be taken in the manner prescribed for the enactment of a fundamental law.
Article 6
The Government shall keep the Foreign Affairs Advisory Council continuously informed of those matters relating to foreign relations which may be of importance to the Realm, and shall confer with the Council in these matters as often as is necessary.  In all foreign policy matters of major importance, the Government shall if possible confer with the Council before making its decision.
Article 7
(1) The Foreign Affairs Advisory Council comprises the Speaker and nine other members to be elected by the Parliament from among its members.  Further provisions concerning the composition of the Council are set forth in the Parliament Act.

(2) The Foreign Affairs Advisory Council is convened by the Government.  The Government is obliged to convene the Council if no fewer than four Council members ask for consultations to take place on a particular matter.  Meetings of the Council are presided over by the Head of State or, in his unavoidable absence, by the Prime Minister.

(3) A member of the Foreign Affairs Advisory Council and any person otherwise connected with the Council shall exercise caution in communicating to others what he has learnt in such a capacity.  Whoever presides over a meeting of the Council may decide on an unconditional obligation to maintain silence.
Article 8
The head of the ministry responsible for foreign affairs shall be kept informed whenever a matter arises at another State authority which is of significance for relations with another state or international organization.
Article 9
(1) The Government may commit the country's defence forces, or any part of them, to battle in order to repel an armed attack upon the Realm.  Swedish armed forces may otherwise be committed to battle or sent to another country only if
  1. the Parliament has assented thereto;
  2. it is permitted under a law which sets out the prerequisites for such action;
  3. an obligation to take such action follows from aninternational agreement or obligation which has been approved by the Parliament.
(2) No declaration of war may be made without the consent of the Parliament, except in the event of an armed attack against Sweden.

(3) The Government may authorize the defence forces to use force in accordance with international law and custom to prevent a violation of Swedish soil in time of peace or during a war between foreign states.