The President

Article 64: The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the head of state and of the executive power (Government). The President is the guarantor of the Constitution and laws, of the rights and freedoms of the person and citizen, of national independence, unity, and territorial integrity, of the continuity and longevity of the state, of the coordinated functioning and cooperation of governmental organs, and of compliance with the international treaties of Tajikistan.

Article 65: The President is elected for a term of five years by the citizens of Tajikistan on the basis of general, equal, and direct voting rights by secret ballot. Any citizen who is age 35 to 65, is fluent in the state language, and has been resident on the territory of Tajikistan for at least the previous ten years may be nominated as a candidate for the office of President of the Republic. A candidate for the office of President of the Republic is any person who has so registered and has collected the signatures of nomination of no less than five percent of the voters. No one may be President for more than two consecutive terms.

Article 66: An election for President is considered official when more than half of the voters participate in it. A candidate for the office of President who receives more than half the votes of the voters who participate in an election is considered elected. The procedures for Presidential elections are determined by constitutional law.

Article 67: Before assuming office, the President takes the following oath at a meeting of Parliament:
"As President, I swear to defend the Constitution and laws of the Republic, to guarantee the rights, freedoms, honor, and integrity of citizens, to defend the territorial integrity and political, economic, and cultural independence of Tajikistan, and to serve the people with devotion."
The powers of the President are terminated at the moment a newly elected President takes this oath.

Article 68: The President does not have the right to occupy another office, be a deputy in a representative organ, or engage in entrepreneurial activity. The salary of the President is established by Parliament.

Article 69: The President of the Republic of Tajikistan:
1) represents Tajikistan both within the country and in international relations;
2) with the consent of Parliament, forms and abolishes ministries and governmental committees;
3) appoints and dismisses the Prime Minister and other members of the Government, and presents decrees to this effect to Parliament for approval;
4) appoints and dismisses the Chair of the National Bank and her or his assistants, and presents decrees to this effect to Parliament for approval;
5) creates the executive administration of the President;
6) appoints and dismisses the chairs of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, regions, the city of Dushanbe, cities, and districts, and presents them to the corresponding parliament of people's deputies for approval;
7) presents Parliament with candidates for election to or removal from positions as chair, assistant chairs, and judges of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, and the High Economic Court;
8) with the consent of Parliament, appoints and dismisses the Procurator General and her or his assistants;
9) on the petition of the Minister of Justice, appoints and dismisses the judges of military courts, the court of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, and regional, Dushanbe city, city, and district courts;
10) manages the reserve fund and informs Parliament of its expenditures;
11) introduces proposals in Parliament regarding determination of the monetary system;
12) signs laws;
13) repeals or suspends the force of acts of organs of state government in the event that they are contrary to the Constitution and laws;
14) manages the implementation of foreign policy, signs international treaties, and presents them to Parliament for approval;
15) with the consent of the Presidium of Parliament, appoints the heads of diplomatic missions of Tajikistan in foreign states and representatives of the republic in international organizations;
16) accepts the credentials of heads of the diplomatic missions of foreign states;
17) is the Supreme Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of Tajikistan; appoints and dismisses the commanders of the troops of the Armed Forces of Tajikistan;
18) in case of a real threat to the security of the state, declares martial law and issues a decree to that effect for approval by Parliament;
19) declares states of emergency over the entire territory of the republic or in separate localities, and immediately issues a decree to that effect for approval by Parliament and notifies the United Nations;
20) forms and manages a Security Council;
21) extends political asylum;
22) decides issues of acquisition and loss of citizenship;
23) decides issues of pardoning the convicted;
24) confers high military, diplomatic, and other specialized ranks;
25) awards citizens with state awards and confers state prizes and honorary titles of Tajikistan;
26) fulfills other powers anticipated by the Constitution and laws.

Article 70: The President issues decrees and orders without exceeding her or his authority, informs Parliament about conditions in the country, and introduces important and essential issues for consideration in Parliament.

Article 71: In the event of the President's death, resignation, or dismissal, or if the President is declared incompetent, until a newly elected President assumes office, the President's obligations are transferred to the Chair of Parliament, and the obligations of the Chair of Parliament are transferred to the First Assistant. In these circumstances, elections for President are held within three months. A question concerning the premature termination of the President's powers is decided by a majority vote of the people's deputies of Parliament, except in the circumstances anticipated in Article 72.

Article 72: The President enjoys the right of immunity. In the event that the President violates her or his oath or commits a crime, Parliament, taking into consideration the findings of the Constitutional Court and a special Parliamentary commission, by the positive vote of no less than two thirds of the people's deputies, dismisses the President from office. A question concerning charging the President of the Republic with violation of his or her oath or committing a crime is raised on the petition of no less than one third of the people's deputies. In this event, the Chair of the Supreme Court is assigned to chair a special session of Parliament. The people's deputies swear an oath to the effect that in reviewing this issue, they will be motivated by their own conscience, the law, and justice. After the President is dismissed from office, the investigation of her or his case continues, she or he is charged, and the case is transferred to a court.