Freedom , Rights and Public Duties

Article 25
All persons are equal before the law , without distinction between citizens of the Union in regard to race , nationality , religious belief or social status .

Article 26
Personal liberty is guaranteed to all citizens. No person may be arrested , searched , detained or imprisoned except in accordance with the provisions of law .
No person shall be subjected to torture or to degrading treatment.

Article 27
The law shall define crimes and punishments. No penalty shall be imposed for any act of commission or omission committed before the relvant law been promulgated .

Article 28
Penalty is personal. An accused shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty in a legal fair trial. The accused shall have the right to appoint the person who is capable to conduct his defence during the trial. The law shall prescribe the cases in which the presence of a counsel for defence shall be assigned.
Physical and moral abuse of an accused person is prohibited.

Freedom of movement and residence shall be guaranteed to citizens within the limits of haw.

Article 30
Freedom of opinion and expressing it verbally, in writing or by other means of expression shall be guaranteed within the limits of law.

Article 31
Freedom of communication by post, telegraph or other means of communication and the secrecy thereof shall be guaranteed in accordance with law.

Article 32
Freedom to exercise religious worship shall be guaranteed in accordance with established customs, provided that it does not conflict with public or violate public morals.

Article 33
Freedom of Council and establishing associations shall be guaranteed within the limits of law.

Article 34
Every citizen shall be free to choose his occupation, trade or profession within the limits of law. Due consideration being given to regulations organizing some of such professions and trades. No person may be subjected to force labour except in exceptional circumstances provided by the law and in return for compensation.
No person may be enslaved.

Article 35
Public office shall be open to all citizens on a basis of equality of opportunity in accordance with the provisions of law.
Public office shall be a national service entrusted to those who hold it. The public servant shall aim, in the execution of his duties, at the public interest only.

Article 36
Habitations shall be inviolable. They may not be entered without the permission of their inhabitants except in accordance with the provisions of the law and in the circumstances laid down therein.

Article 37
Citizens may not be deported or banished from the Union.

Article 38
Extradition of citizens and of political refugees is prohibited.

Article 39
General confiscation of property shall be prohibited.
Confiscation of an individual's possessions as a penalty may not be inflicted except by a court judgment in the circumstances specified by law.

Article 40
Foreigners within the Union, shall enjoy, the rights and freedom stipulated in international charters which are in force or in treaties and agreements to which the Union is party. They shall be subject to the corresponding obligations.

Article 41
Every person shall have the right to submit complaints to the competent authorities, including the judicial authorities.
Concerning the abuse or infringement of the rights and freedom stipulated in this part.

Article 42
Payment of taxes and public charges determined by law is a duty of every citizen.

Article 43
Defence of the Union a sacred duty of every citizen and military service s an honour for citizens, which shall be regulated by law.

Article 44
Respect of the Constitution. Laws and orders issued by public authorities in execution thereof, observance of public order and respect of public morality are duties incumbent upon all inhabitants of the Union.