Proposals Introduced in the Legislature

 Apart from performing a page-by-page search of senate and house journals from 1912 to 1951, it is difficult to list the number of introduced joint resolutions proposing amendments to the constitution. After the creation of the legislative council service in
1951, however, there has been a successful systematic maintenance of records with respect to the introduction of not only joint resolutions but also bills and other legislative materials.

- 15 - During the 47 regular sessions in the period 1951-2004, a total of 1,521 proposals to amend the constitution were introduced by legislators. Of this number, 209, or 13.7 percent, succeeded in passing the legislature and were submitted to the voters for ratification. The following chart shows the breakdown of introductions and adoptions for each of the 47 regular legislative sessions.

It should be noted that the number of introductions during this period remained fairly constant - in the 30s - until 1965 when it jumped to 54 introductions from 39 the previous legislative session. From that point on, it has fluctuated from two introductions to 61. The average for introduced joint resolutions from 1951 to 2004 is 32 proposals.

There is little difference between the number of introductions in the senate, with 766, and in the house, with 755, for the 47 regular sessions.

- 16 - JOINT RESOLUTIONS PROPOSING CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS

1951-2004 Number Introduced Passed by Legislature Legislature Senate House Total No. Percent

1951 13 24 37 8 21.6

1953 17 21 38 11 28.9

1955 18 15 33 6 18.2

1957 12 22 34 5 14.7

1959 18 14 32 9 28.1

1961 19 13 32 13 40.6

1963 22 17 39 10 25.6

1965 21 33 54 10 18.5

1966 1 1 2 0 0

1967 18 21 39 8 20.5

1968 2 0 2 0 0

1969 5 16 21 4 19.0

1970 *11 *23 34 8 23.5

1971 27 18 45 10 22.2

1972 7 6 13 3 23.1

1973 24 37 61 7 11.5

1974 10 15 25 3 12.0

1975 29 23 52 6 11.5

1976 6 7 13 1 7.7

1977 20 14 34 2 5.9

1978 17 17 34 2 5.9

1979 20 12 32 5 15.6

1980 17 14 31 1 3.2

1981 15 17 32 3 9.4

1982 14 14 28 4 14.3

1983 8 5 13 0 0

1984 16 11 27 1 3.7

1985 11 18 29 4 13.8

1986 15 17 32 7 21.9

1987 12 16 28 0 0

1988 11 14 25 7 28.0

1989 20 10 30 1 3.3

1990 18 21 39 4 10.3

1991 20 12 32 1 3.1

1992 20 13 33 3 9.1

1993 19 16 35 *9 25.7

1994 11 11 22 5 22.7

1995 21 9 30 0 0

1996 22 15 37 7 18.9

1997 16 10 26 3 11.5

1998 12 17 29 2 6.9

1999 25 20 45 2 4.4

2000 21 17 38 0 0

2001 30 26 56 9 16.1

2002 20 21 41 0 0

2003 23 28 51 4 7.8

2004 12 14 26 1 3.8 TOTALS 755 766 1,521 209 13.7 *Proposed amendments include withdrawal of 1965, 1969 and 1993 amendments from the ballot.---17---.