Proposals submitted for ratification

From 1912 through 2004, the voters of this state were called on to approve or reject 282 piecemeal amendments to the constitution. This does not include amendments that were withdrawn prior to election. This amounts to an average of 4.26 proposals for each of the 66 regular legislative sessions. The forty-first legislature (1993-94) and the twenty-fifth legislature (1961), with 13 proposed constitutional amendments each, share the record for submitting the largest number to the voters. (The forty-first legislature submitted 14 amendments, but one was withdrawn prior to the election by the 1994 session.) The next largest number of amendments was submitted by the fifth legislature (1921) and the twenty-first legislature (1953) with 11 proposed amendments each.

Viewed in 10-year intervals, the number of proposed amendments submitted for ratification looks this way: Years Number

1912 through 1920 11

1921 through 1930 23

1931 through 1940 20

1941 through 1950 25

1951 through 1960 39

1961 through 1970 48

1971 through 1980 40

1981 through 1990 31

1991 through 2000 31 It is interesting to note that more proposals were submitted during the 1961-1970 period, the decade of the first major constitutional revision effort, than during any of the preceding or subsequent decades. From 1961 through 2004, 164 amendments were submitted to the voters compared with 117 for the first 48 years of statehood.

The following graph illustrates the number of constitutional amendments submitted to the voters between 1912 and 2000: - 18 - *This does not include amendments withdrawn prior to election.

CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS SUBMITTED

1912-2000*

0

10

20

30

40

50

60

1912-

1920

1921-

1930

1931-

1940

1941-

1950

1951-

1960

1961-

1970

1971-

1980

1981-

1990

1991-

2000 - 19 -