Elections and Right of Suffrage

Sec 1. [Equal political rights.] The rights of citizens of the State of Utah to vote and hold office shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex. Both male and female citizens of this State shall enjoy equally all civil, political and religious rights and privileges.

Sec. 2. [Qualifications to vote.] Every citizen of the United States, of the age of twenty-one years and upwards, who shall have been a citizen for ninety days, and shall have resided in the State or Territory one year, in the county four months, and in the precinct sixty days next preceding any election, shall be entitled to vote at such election except as herein otherwise provided.

Sec. 3. [Electors: immunity from arrest.] In all cases except those of treason, felony or breach of the peace, electors shall be privileged from arrest on the days of election, during their attendance at elections, and going to and returning therefrom.

Sec. 4. [Id. From militia duty.] No elector shall be obliged to perform militia duty on the day of election except in time of war or public danger.

Sec. 5. [Electors to be citizens of U.S.] No person shall be deemed a qualified elector of this State unless such person be a citizen of the United States.

Sec. 6. [Certain criminals, etc., ineligible to vote.] No idiot, insane person or person convicted of treason, or crime against the elective franchise, unless restored to civil rights, shall be permitted to vote at any election, or be eligible to hold office in this State.

Sec. 7. [Property qualification forbidden, when.] Except in elections levying a special tax or creating indebtedness, no property qualification shall be required for any person to vote or hold office.

Sec. 8. [Ballot to be secret.] All elections shall be by secret ballot. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent the use of any machine or mechanical contrivance for the purpose of receiving and registering the votes cast at any election: Provided, That secrecy in voting be preserved.

Sec. 9. [Elections, when held. Terms begin, when.] All general elections, except for municipal and school officers, shall be held on the Tuesday next following the first Monday in November of the year in which the election is held. Special elections may be held as provided by law. The terms of all officers elected at any general election, shall commence on the first Monday in January next following the date of their election. Municipal and School officers shall be elected at such time as may be provided by law.

Sec. 10. [Oath of office.] All officers made elective or appointive by this Constitution or by the laws made in pursuance thereof, before entering upon the duties of their respective offices, shall take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support, obey and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of this State, and that I will discharge the duties of my office with fidelity."