National Sovereignty and State


We, the people of Zambia, by our representatives assembled in our Parliament, having solemnly resolved to constitute Zambia into a Sovereign Democratic Republic; In Pursuance of our determination to uphold our inherent and inviolable right to decide, appoint and proclaim the means and style whereby we shall govern ourselves as a united and indivisible Sovereign State;

Proceedings from the premise that all men have the right freely to determine and build their own political, economic and social system by ways and means of their own free choice;

Determined to ensure the rights of all men to participate fully and without hindrance in the affairs of their own government and in shaping the destiny of their own mother land;

Recognizing that individual rights of citizens including freedom, justice, liberty and quality are founded on the realization of the rights and duties of all men in the protection of life, liberty and property, freedom of conscience, expression and association within the context of our National Constitution;

Recognizing the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment;

Pledging to all citizens the right to equal access to social, economic and cultural services and facilities provided by the State or by public authorities;

Recognizing that the family is the natural and fundamental unit of society and should be protected by the State;

Pledging to every citizen the right to education;

Pledging further to all citizens the bounden duty of the State to respect the rights and dignity of all members of the human family, to uphold the laws of the State and to conduct the affairs of the state in such manner that its resources are preserved, developed and enjoyed for the benefit of its citizens as a whole;

do hereby enact and give to ourselves this Constitution.

Part I National Sovereignty and State

Article 1: Declaration of Republic
  1. Zambia is a sovereign Republic.
  2. This Constitution is the Supreme Law of Zambia and if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void;
  3. The official language of Zambia shall be English.

Article 2: Public Seal
The Public Seal of the Republic shall be such as may be prescribed by and under an Act of Parliament.

Article 3: National Anthem and National Emblem
The National Anthem and the National Emblem shall be such as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament.