(a) Every bank other than national banks shall be subject to the supervision and inspection of the superintendent and the regulations and supervision thereof. The superintendent shall, by competent examiner appointed by him or her, visit and examine every bank organized under the laws of Alabama at least once in each eighteen-month period. The examination of banks shall be at irregular intervals. On every examination, inquiry shall be made as to the conditions and resources of the bank, the mode of conducting and managing the affairs of the bank, the action of its directors, the investment of the funds of the bank, the safety and prudence of the management of the bank, whether the requirements of its charter and of law have been complied with in the administration of the affairs of the bank, and such other matters as the superintendent may prescribe. In addition, the superintendent may in like manner examine or cause to be examined the affairs of every bank and every affiliate of the bank except a national bank, a subsidiary of a national bank or a bank holding company, or a subsidiary of a bank holding company other than a bank organized under the laws of Alabama, whenever, in the judgment of the superintendent, the management and condition of the bank or affiliate renders an examination of its affairs necessary or expedient, or whenever, in the opinion of the superintendent, the interest of the public demands an examination.
(b) The term 'affiliate' shall include any corporation, business trust, association, or other similar organization under any of the following conditions:
(1) When a bank, directly or indirectly, owns or controls either a majority of the voting shares or more than 50 percent of the number of shares voted for the election of its directors, trustees, or other persons exercising similar functions at the preceding election, or controls in any manner the election of a majority of its directors, trustees, or other persons exercising similar functions.
(2) When control of a bank is held, directly or indirectly, through stock ownership or in any other manner, by the shareholders of a bank who own or control either a majority of the shares of the bank or more than 50 percent of the number of shares voted for the election of directors of the bank at the preceding election, or by trustees for the benefit of the shareholders of the bank.
(3) When a majority of the directors of the bank comprise a majority of the directors, trustees, or other persons exercising similar functions of the organization.
(4) When the organization owns or controls, directly or indirectly, either a majority of the shares of capital stock of a bank or more than 50 percent of the number of shares voted for the election of directors of a bank at the preceding election, or controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of a bank at the preceding election, or controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of a bank, or for the benefit of whose shareholders or members all or substantially all the capital stock of a bank is held by trustees.
Any bank examiner who shall make a report under oath as to the result of any examination made by him which is knowingly and willfully false shall be guilty of perjury.
All reports of examination, records reflecting action of the bank taken pursuant thereto, and records and minutes of meetings of the Banking Board relating to a bank or several banks shall be confidential and shall not be subject to subpoena or inspection except by subpoena from a grand jury served on the superintendent.
All banks shall make to the superintendent, on the call of the superintendent for such report, not less than two reports during each year, according to the form which may be prescribed by the superintendent. Such report must be verified by the oath or affirmation by the president, cashier or secretary and by at least three directors of the bank to be correct to the best of their knowledge and belief of each.
The superintendent may call for a special report from any particular bank whenever, in his judgment, the same is deemed necessary for the protection of the public or for a full and complete knowledge of the condition of the bank by the superintendent. A special report called for shall be made in all particulars as required by Sections 5-3A-14 and 5-3A-15, but the superintendent shall not have the right to require that such report be published in a newspaper.
Each report required by Section 5-3A-12 shall exhibit in detail and under appropriate head the resources and liabilities of each bank at the close of business on any past day specified by the superintendent, not more than five days prior to the issue of the superintendent's call, which day for report shall be uniform throughout the state and shall be transmitted by the bank to the superintendent within 30 days after the receipt of a request or requisition therefor from him, and the same shall be published once by the bank in a newspaper in the city or town in which the bank is located, at the expense of said bank. If no newspaper is published in the town where the bank is located, publication must be made in a newspaper published in the nearest city. Proof of such publication shall be furnished by the bank to the superintendent in such manner as may be required by him, including the clippings of the report as published in the newspaper.
The superintendent shall prescribe to the bank the form for the published report made by the bank, which form shall contain such items as are deemed necessary by the superintendent to inform the public as to the financial condition of the bank. The superintendent shall see that each bank has published its report in accordance with the form prescribed and shall check such published report, using the newspaper clipping furnished him by the bank, with the sworn report of the bank filed with the superintendent.
If the report is not published by the bank, the superintendent shall, at the expense of the bank, publish the report. Each bank failing to transmit the report to the superintendent within 30 days after the receipt of a request shall pay $100.00 for each day after said 30 days. Said fee may be waived by the superintendent upon a showing of good cause by the party requesting the waiver.
If there are discrepancies in the published report of the bank and the sworn report furnished to the superintendent and if, in the opinion of the superintendent, the discrepancies are due to clerical errors, the superintendent shall notify the bank to republish the report so as to conform with the sworn report filed with the superintendent, and the bank shall make such republication. If, in the opinion of the superintendent, the discrepancies in the published and sworn reports are not due to clerical errors, the superintendent shall forthwith publish a true and correct report as shown by the sworn report filed with the superintendent, stating in such publication that the published report of the bank did not conform to the sworn report on file with the superintendent, and the bank shall pay the costs and expenses of such republication.
Any bank which fails or refuses to pay the cost and expense of the publication by the superintendent of any report of the bank made in pursuance of the requirements of law shall pay to the state $100.00 plus cost of publication.
Any person who knowingly and willfully signs or verifies by oath or affirmation any false report of the condition of a bank to the superintendent, on call of the superintendent for such report, shall be guilty of perjury.
The superintendent is authorized to accept, in his discretion, in lieu of any examination authorized by the laws of this state to be conducted by his department the examination that may have been made of same within a reasonable period by a federal bank regulatory agency, provided a copy of said examination is furnished to said superintendent. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit the duty of any banks in this state, deposits in which are to any extent insured under the provisions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act or of any amendment of or substitution for the same, to comply with the provisions of said act, its amendments or substitutions or the requirements of said corporation relative to examinations and reports, nor to limit the powers of the superintendent with reference to examinations and reports under existing law.
(a) Neither the superintendent, any member of the State Banking Board, nor any bank examiner or other state employee shall disclose the condition and affairs of any bank ascertained by an examination of such bank or report or give information as to persons who are depositors or debtors of a bank, except as authorized or required by law; provided, that this section shall not be construed to prevent bank examiners and other employees from reporting such information to the superintendent or such persons as he may lawfully designate.
(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the superintendent, at his discretion, may disclose any such information to the members of the State Banking Board and confer with the members of such board regarding the same.
(c) The superintendent may furnish to the Federal Reserve, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency or to any successor banking supervisory agency of the United States reports of examination and other data as the superintendent deems advisable.
(d) The superintendent may also furnish copies of his reports of examination and any other information to the board of directors of the bank which was examined and to any bank holding company owning more than 50 percent of the capital stock of such bank.
(e) Any reports or information furnished or disclosed under subsection (a), (b), (c), or (d) of this section shall remain the property of the Banking Department and may not be disclosed to any person other than the officers, directors, attorneys and auditors of such bank or bank holding company.
(f) Any person violating this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
The expenses incidental to any special examination of banks or their affiliates shall be borne by the bank so examined, and such bank shall, on the call of the superintendent, pay into the Treasury of Alabama, earmarked for the use of the Banking Department, within 10 days after said examination, an amount not exceeding the actual expenses of such examination, including per diem, travel expenses and the pro rata portion of the salaries of the state employees engaged in making such examination.
The superintendent shall have the power to examine or cause to be examined every agency located in this state of any foreign bank for the purpose of ascertaining whether it has violated any law of the state and for such other purposes and to such other matters as the superintendent may prescribe.
The superintendent and every examiner acting under the superintendent may administer oaths and may examine under oath any person whose testimony may be required on the examination of any bank, on the examination of any affiliate of a bank, or on the examination of any agency of any foreign bank and shall have authority and power to compel the appearance and attendance of any such person or the production of any records and documents of any bank, any affiliate of a bank or any agency of a foreign bank for the purpose of any examination and said attendance or production may be enforced by order of a circuit court.
Any person who willfully or corruptly swears or affirms falsely, when being examined under oath by any bank examiner or the superintendent in regard to any material matter or thing, shall be guilty of perjury.
Each examiner shall report under oath to the superintendent the result of each examination made by him, which report the superintendent shall keep on file in his office for a period of not less than two years from the time of the making of such report. The superintendent shall have the power, and he is hereby authorized, to publish the report of his examination of any bank or any affiliate of a bank which shall not within 120 days after notification of the recommendations or suggestions of the superintendent, based on said examination, have complied with the same to his satisfaction. Ninety days' notice prior to such publication shall be given to the bank or affiliate of a bank.
(a) No officer, agent or employee of any bank shall offer or give to an employee of the State Banking Department or his family, and no such employee nor his family shall solicit or receive anything of value directly or indirectly from a bank, including a gift, favor, or service or a promise of future employment. Expenses associated with social occasions afforded such employee shall not be deemed a thing of value within the meaning of this section or prohibited hereby.
(b) No superintendent, assistant superintendent, deputy superintendent or bank examiner of the State Banking Department shall, either directly or indirectly, be pecuniarily interested in nor borrow from a state bank. Debts now existing and any debt which may be owing at the time of employment to state banks may not be extended or renewed.
(c) Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the superintendent or a State Banking Department employee from owning a certificate of deposit in a state bank, however, no preferential rate shall be granted.