No incorporated municipality shall have the power to enact any ordinance, rule, or regulation which shall tax, restrict, prevent, or in any way affect the possession or ownership of handguns by the citizens of this state. The entire subject matter of handguns is reserved to the State Legislature. This section shall not be construed to limit or restrict the power of a municipality to adopt ordinances which make the violation of a state handgun law a violation of a municipal ordinance to the same extent as other state law violations, or to limit or restrict the power of a municipal court to exercise concurrent jurisdiction with the district court over violations of state handgun laws which may be prosecuted as breaches of a municipal ordinance.
Municipal corporations may from time to time adopt ordinances and resolutions not inconsistent with the laws of the state to carry into effect or discharge the powers and duties conferred by the applicable provisions of this title and any other applicable provisions of law and to provide for the safety, preserve the health, promote the prosperity and improve the morals, order, comfort and convenience of the inhabitants of the municipality, and may enforce obedience to such ordinances.
(a) The provisions of this section shall apply to all Class 5 municipalities of this state, as such class is designated by act of the legislature.
(b) The municipal governing bodies are hereby authorized by resolution to call for referendum elections, which shall be held only upon the dates of regularly scheduled municipal elections, to either call for the adoption of a canine leash ordinance, or to call for the repeal of any existing canine leash ordinance.
(c) The question to be presented at any such election shall be substantially as follows:
"Do you favor the adoption (repeal) of a canine leash ordinance by the municipal governing body? Yes ___. No ___."
If a majority of the qualified electors of the municipality vote "Yes," the appropriate action shall be taken by the municipal governing body within 90 days following any such election. If a majority vote "No," no action shall be taken.
All courts of the state of Alabama shall take judicial notice of all municipal ordinances of each Class 1 municipality.
(a) The style of an ordinance of a city or town shall be, "Be it ordained by the city (or town) council of _______ as follows:" inserting the name of the city or town as the case may be.
(b) No ordinance or resolution intended to be of permanent operation shall be adopted by the council at the same meeting at which it is introduced, unless unanimous consent of those present is given for the immediate consideration of such ordinance or resolution, such consent to be shown by a vote taken by yeas and nays, and the names of the members voting shall be entered upon the minutes, and no ordinance or resolution intended to be of permanent operation shall become a law unless on its final passage a majority of the members elected to said council in cities of over 12,000 inhabitants shall vote in its favor. In all towns and in cities of less than 12,000 population an affirmative vote of a majority of the whole number of members of the council to which the corporation is entitled, including the mayor, shall be required to enact any ordinance or resolution intended to be of permanent operation.
(c) The council shall award no contract on bids except by resolution.
In cities having a population of 12,000 or more, all resolutions or ordinances intended to be of permanent operation, after having been passed by the council, shall be transmitted by the clerk, within 48 hours after their passage, to the mayor or acting mayor for his consideration, who, if he shall approve thereof, shall sign and return the same to the clerk, who shall publish them, and such ordinances and resolutions shall thereupon have the force of law; provided, that the council may provide that they shall be effective from approval.
An ordinance or resolution may be recalled from the mayor at any time before it has become a law or has been acted on by him by a resolution adopted by a majority of the members elected to the council in regular or special session.
If the mayor shall disapprove of any ordinance or resolution transmitted to him as provided in section 11-45-3, he shall, within 10 days of the time of its passage by the council, return the same to the clerk with his objections in writing, and the clerk shall make report thereof to the next regular meeting of the city council; and, if two thirds of the members elected to the said council shall adhere to said ordinance or resolution notwithstanding said objections, said vote being taken by yeas and nays and spread upon the minutes, then, and not otherwise, said ordinance or resolution shall, after publication thereof, have the force of law, unless by its terms it was to take effect on its approval, in which event it shall take effect upon its passage over such veto. The failure of the mayor to return to the clerk an ordinance or resolution with his veto within 10 days after its passage by the council shall operate and have the same effect as an approval of the same, and the clerk shall publish the same as is provided in subsection (b) of section 11-45-8 for the publication of laws and ordinances of said city.
Every ordinance and resolution fixing the salaries of employees and officers of said city shall be submitted to the mayor as other ordinances and resolutions are to be submitted and may be approved in part and vetoed as to specific items, to be mentioned by the mayor in his veto message, in which case there shall first be submitted to the council at its next regular meeting the question: "Shall the ordinance pass, the veto of the mayor notwithstanding?" and, in the event that two thirds of the members elected to the council do not vote for the passage of the ordinance, the veto notwithstanding, there shall then be submitted the question: "Shall the ordinance stand as approved by the mayor?" and if a majority of those elected to the council vote in the affirmative, the law as amended and approved by the mayor shall have the force and effect of law as in other cases; otherwise, such salary ordinance shall be defeated.
No ordinance shall be amended after its passage by providing that designated words be stricken out or that designated words be inserted or that designated words be stricken out and other words inserted in lieu thereof, unless the ordinance or section or subdivision thereof amended shall be set forth in full as amended.
The council may provide at any time it may deem proper for the revision and codification of its ordinances or for the adoption of a code by ordinance.
(a) All ordinances shall as soon as practicable after their passage be recorded in a book kept for that purpose and be authenticated by the signature of the clerk.
(b) All ordinances of a general or permanent nature, except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, shall be published in some newspaper of general circulation published in the municipality, but if no such newspaper is published in the municipality such ordinances may be published by posting copies thereof in three public places within the municipality, one of which shall be at the post office or the mayor's office in such city or town. In the event there is no newspaper published in the municipality and there is a newspaper published in the county in which the municipality is located having general circulation in the municipality, at the option of the governing body of such municipality the ordinance may be published in such newspaper. In towns having a population of less than 2,000 inhabitants as shown by the 1950 federal census, the governing body of such town shall have the option of publication of the ordinance by posting as above provided or in a newspaper published in the town or in the county having a general circulation in the town.
When the ordinance is published in the newspaper it shall take effect from and after the time it shall first appear therein, and when published by posting it shall take effect five days thereafter.
Immediately following the record of any ordinance, the clerk shall append a certificate stating therein the time and manner of publication, which certificate shall be presumptive of the facts stated therein.
All ordinances granting a franchise shall be published at the expense of the party or parties to whom the franchise is granted.
(c) Ordinances may adopt by reference thereto, without setting the same out at length in the ordinance, rules and regulations which have been printed as a code in book or pamphlet form for:
Amendments to such rules or regulations adopted as a code thereafter shall be adopted by ordinances published as provided in subsection (b) of this section.
(d) The following shall not be deemed ordinances of a general or permanent nature requiring publication:
(1) Ordinances authorizing or ratifying contracts with public utilities for utility services for a specified term.
(2) Ordinances authorizing the issuance or sale or security of bonds, debentures, notes, warrants and other obligations, whether full faith and credit obligations or payable from general revenues or special taxes or from revenues of a utility or other property of a municipality.
(e) The provisions of this section shall not apply to the adoption of a code for the revision and codification of the ordinances of a municipality and the adoption of such code by ordinances as provided in section 11-45-7.
(a) By ordinance, the governing body of any municipality may authorize any law enforcement officer of a municipality or any law enforcement officer of the state, in lieu of placing persons under custodial arrest, to issue a summons and complaint to any person charged with violating any municipal littering ordinance; municipal ordinance which prohibits animals from running at large, which shall include leash laws and rabies control laws; or any Class C misdemeanor or violation not involving violence, threat of violence or alcohol or drugs.
(b) Such summons and complaint shall be on a form approved by the governing body of the municipality and shall contain the name of the court; the name of the defendant; a description of the offense, including the municipal ordinance number; the date and time of the offense; the place of the offense; signature of the officer issuing the citation; the scheduled court date and time; an explanation to the person cited of the ways in which he may settle his case; and a signature block for the magistrate to sign upon the officer's oath and affirmation given prior to trial.
(c) Whenever any person is arrested for a violation of any of the enumerated offenses, the arresting officer shall take the name and address of such person and any other identifying information and issue a summons and complaint to the person charged. Such officer shall release the person from custody upon his written promise to appear in court at the designated time and place as evidenced by his signature on the summons and complaint, without any condition relating to the deposit of security.
(d) If any person refuses to give a written recognizance to appear by placing his signature on the summons and complaint, the officer shall take that person into custody and bring him before any officer or official who is authorized to approve bond.
(e) Before implementation of the summons and complaint procedure, the governing body shall adopt a schedule of fines for first, second and subsequent offenders of the alleged violation of such ordinances, which shall be posted in a place conspicuous to the public within the court clerk's office and the police department.
(f)(1) When a person is charged with one of the enumerated ordinance violations, he may elect to appear before the municipal court magistrate, or where the municipal court has been abolished, the district court magistrate, within the time specified in the summons and complaint, and upon entering a plea of guilty, pay the fine and court costs. A plea of guilty shall only be accepted by the magistrate after the defendant has executed a notice and waiver of rights form.
(2) In the alternative, the defendant shall have the option of depositing the required bail, and upon a plea of not guilty, shall be entitled to a trial as authorized by law.
(g) The court clerk or magistrate shall receive and issue receipts for cash bail from persons who wish to be heard in court; enter the time of their appearance on the court docket; and notify the arresting officer and witnesses, if any, to be present.
(h) If the defendant fails to appear as specified in the summons and complaint, the judge or magistrate having jurisdiction of the offense may issue a warrant for his arrest commanding that he be brought before the court to answer the charge contained on the summons and complaint. In addition, any person who willfully violates his written promise or bond to appear, given in accordance with this section, shall be guilty of the separate offense of failing to appear, a misdemeanor, regardless of the disposition of the charge upon which he was originally arrested.
(i) All fines and forfeitures collected upon a conviction or upon the forfeiture of bail of any person charged with a violation of such ordinances, shall be remitted to the general fund of the municipality; provided, however, fines, forfeitures and court costs assessed and collected in district court shall be distributed as now provided by law.
(a) Municipal ordinances may provide penalties of fines, imprisonment, hard labor or one or more of such penalties for violation of ordinances.
(b) No fine shall exceed $500.00, and no sentence of imprisonment or hard labor shall exceed six months except, when in the enforcement of the penalties prescribed in section 32-5A-191, such fine shall not exceed $5,000.00 and such sentence of imprisonment or hard labor shall not exceed one year.
(c) The penalty imposed upon a corporation shall consist of the fine only, plus costs of court.