This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the 'Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association Act.'
(a)(1) The association shall submit to the commissioner a plan of operation and any amendments thereto necessary or suitable to assure the fair, reasonable, and equitable administration of the association. The plan of operation and any amendments thereto shall become effective upon approval in writing by the commissioner.
(2) If the association fails to submit a suitable plan of operation within 180 days following January 1, 1983 or if at any time thereafter the association fails to submit suitable amendments to the plan, the commissioner shall, after notice and hearing, adopt and promulgate such reasonable rules as are necessary or advisable to effectuate the provisions of this chapter. Such rules shall continue in force until modified by the commissioner or superseded by a plan submitted by the association and approved by the commissioner.
(b) All member insurers shall comply with the plan of operation.
(c) The plan of operation shall, in addition to requirements enumerated elsewhere in this chapter:
(1) Establish procedures for handling the assets of the association.
(2) Establish the amount and method of reimbursing members of the board of directors under Section 27-44-7.
(3) Establish regular places and times for meetings of the board of directors.
(4) Establish procedures for records to be kept of all financial transactions of the association, its agents, and the board of directors.
(5) Establish the procedures whereby selections for the board of directors will be made and submitted to the commissioner.
(6) Establish any additional procedures for assessments under Section 27-44-9.
(7) Contain additional provisions necessary or proper for the execution of the powers and duties of the association.
(d) The plan of operation may provide that any or all powers and duties of the association, except those under Sections 27-44-8 (10) c and 27-44-9, are delegated to a corporation, association, or other organization which performs or will perform functions similar to those of this association, or its equivalent, in two or more states. Such a corporation, association, or organization shall be reimbursed for any payments made on behalf of the association and shall be paid for its performance of any functions of the association. A delegation under this subsection shall take effect only with the approval of both the board of directors and the commissioner, and may be made only to a corporation, association, or organization which extends protection not substantially less favorable and effective than that provided by this chapter.
In addition to the duties and powers enumerated elsewhere in this chapter:
(1) The commissioner shall:
a. Upon request of the board of directors, provide the association with a statement of the premiums in the appropriate states for each member insurer.
b. When an impairment is declared and the amount of the impairment is determined, serve a demand upon the impaired insurer to make good the impairment within a reasonable time. Notice to the impaired insurer shall constitute notice to its shareholders, if any. The failure of the insurer to promptly comply with such demand shall not excuse the association from the performance of its powers and duties under this chapter.
c. In any liquidation or rehabilitation proceeding involving a domestic insurer, petition the court of competent jurisdiction to have the chief of the receivership division appointed as the liquidator or rehabilitator. If a foreign or alien member insurer is subject to a liquidation proceeding in its domiciliary jurisdiction or state of entry, the chief of the receivership division shall be appointed conservator.
(2) The commissioner may suspend or revoke, after notice and hearing, the certificate of authority to transact insurance in this state of any member insurer which fails to pay an assessment when due or fails to comply with the plan of operation. As an alternative the commissioner may levy a forfeiture on any member insurer which fails to pay an assessment when due. Such forfeiture shall not exceed five percent of the unpaid assessment per month but no forfeiture shall be less than $100.00 per month.
(3) Any action of the board of directors or the association may be appealed to the commissioner by any member insurer if such appeal is taken within 30 days of the action being appealed. Any final action or order of the commissioner shall be subject to judicial review in a court of competent jurisdiction.
(4) The liquidator, rehabilitator, or conservator of any impaired insurer may notify all interested persons of the effect of this chapter.
To aid in the detection and prevention of insurer insolvencies or impairment:
(1) It shall be the duty of the commissioner:
a. To notify the commissioners of those states, territories of the United States and the District of Columbia where such member company is licensed when he takes any of the following actions against a member insurer:
1. Revocation of license;
2. Suspension of license;
3. Makes any formal order that such company restrict its premium writing or obtain additional contributions to capital or surplus.
Such notice shall be mailed to all commissioners within 30 days following the action taken or the date on which such action occurs.
b. To report to the board of directors when he has taken any of the actions set forth in paragraph a of this subdivision or has received a report from any other commissioner indicating that any such action has been taken in another state. Such report to the board of directors shall contain all significant details of the action taken on the report received from another commissioner.
c. To report to the board of directors when he has reasonable cause to believe from any examination, whether completed or in process, of any member company that such company may be an impaired or insolvent insurer.
d. To furnish to the board of directors upon its request the insurance regulatory information system ratios developed by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, and the board may use the information contained therein in carrying out its duties and responsibilities under this section. Such report and the information contained therein shall be kept confidential by the board of directors until such time as made public by the commissioner or other lawful authority.
(2) The commissioner may seek the advice and recommendations of the board of directors concerning any matter affecting his duties and responsibilities regarding the financial condition of member companies and companies seeking admission to transact insurance business in this state.
(3) The board of directors may, upon majority vote, make reports and recommendations to the commissioner upon any matter germane to the solvency, liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation of any member insurer or germane to the solvency of any company seeking to do insurance business in this state. Such reports and recommendations shall not be considered public documents.
(4) It shall be the duty of the board of directors, upon majority vote, to notify the commissioner of any information indicating any member insurer may be an impaired or insolvent insurer.
(5) The board of directors may, upon majority vote, request that the commissioner order an examination of any member insurer which the board in good faith believes may be an impaired or insolvent insurer. Within 30 days of the receipt of such request, the commissioner shall begin such examination. The examination may be conducted as a National Association of Insurance Commissioners' examination or may be conducted by such persons as the commissioner designates. The cost of such examination shall be paid by the association and the examination report shall be treated as are other examination reports. In no event shall such examination report be released to the board of directors prior to its release to the public, but this shall not preclude the commissioner from complying with subdivision (1). The commissioner shall notify the board of directors when the examination is completed. The request for an examination shall be kept on file by the commissioner but it shall not be open to public inspection prior to the release of the examination report to the public.
(6) The board of directors may, upon majority vote, make recommendations to the commissioner for the detection and prevention of insurer insolvencies.
(7) The board of directors shall, at the conclusion of any insurer insolvency in which the association was obligated to pay covered claims, prepare a report to the commissioner containing such information as it may have in its possession bearing on the history and causes of such insolvency. The board shall cooperate with the boards of directors of guaranty associations in other states in preparing a report on the history and causes for insolvency of a particular insurer, and may adopt by reference any report prepared by such other associations.
(a) A member insurer may offset against its premium tax liability to this state an assessment described in Section 27-44-9(g) to the extent of 20 percent of the amount of such assessment for each of the five calendar years following the year in which such assessment was paid.
(b) Any sums acquired by refund, pursuant to Section 27-44-9(f), from the association which have theretofore been written off by contributing insurers and offset against premium taxes as provided in subsection (a) above, and are not then needed for purposes of this chapter, shall be paid by the association to the commissioner and by him deposited with the State Treasurer for credit to the General Fund of this state.
(a) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to reduce the liability for unpaid assessments of the insureds on an impaired or insolvent insurer operating under a plan with assessment liability.
(b) Records shall be kept of all negotiations and meetings in which the association or its representatives are involved to discuss the activities of the association in carrying out its powers and duties under Section 27-44-8. Records of such negotiations or meetings shall be made public only upon the termination of a liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation proceeding involving the impaired or insolvent insurer, upon the termination of the impairment or insolvency of the insurer, or upon the order of a court of competent jurisdiction. Nothing in this subsection shall limit the duty of the association to render a report of its activities under Section 27-44-15.
(c) For the purpose of carrying out its obligations under this chapter, the association shall be deemed to be a creditor of the impaired or insolvent insurer to the extent of assets attributable to covered policies reduced by any amounts to which the association is entitled as subrogee pursuant to section 27-44-8(8). Assets of the impaired or insolvent insurer attributable to covered policies shall be used to continue all covered policies and pay all contractual obligations of the impaired or insolvent insurer as required by this chapter. Assets attributable to covered policies, as used in this subsection, are that proportion of the assets which the reserves that should have been established for such policies bear to the reserves that should have been established for all policies of insurance written by the impaired or insolvent insurer.
(d)(1) Prior to the termination of any liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation proceeding, the court may take into consideration the contributions of the respective parties, including the association, the shareholders and policyowners of the insolvent insurer, and any other party with a bona fide interest, in making an equitable distribution of the ownership rights of such insolvent insurer. In such a determination consideration shall be given to the welfare of the policyholders of the continuing or successor insurer.
(2) No distribution to stockholders, if any, of an impaired or insolvent insurer shall be made until and unless the total amount of valid claims of the association for funds expended in carrying out its powers and duties under Section 27-44-8 with respect to such insurer have been fully recovered by the association.
(e)(1) If an order for liquidation or rehabilitation of an insurer domiciled in this state has been entered, the receiver appointed under such order shall have a right to recover on behalf of the insurer, from any affiliate that controlled it, the amount of distributions, other than stock dividends paid by the insurer on its capital stock, made at any time during the five years preceding the petition for liquidation or rehabilitation subject to the limitations of subdivisions (2) to (4) of this subsection.
(2) No such dividend shall be recoverable if the insurer shows that when paid the distribution was lawful and reasonable, and that the insurer did not know and could not reasonably have known that the distribution might adversely affect the ability of the insurer to fulfill its contractual obligations.
(3) Any person who was an affiliate that controlled the insurer at the time the distributions were paid shall be liable up to the amount of distributions he received. Any person who was an affiliate that controlled the insurer at the time the distributions were declared, shall be liable up to the amount of distributions he would have received if they had been paid immediately. If two persons are liable with respect to the same distributions, they shall be jointly and severally liable.
(4) The maximum amount recoverable under this subsection shall be the amount needed in excess of all other available assets of the insolvent insurer to pay the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer.
(5) If any person liable under subdivision (3) of this subsection is insolvent, all its affiliates that controlled it at the time the dividend was paid, shall be jointly and severally liable for any resulting deficiency in the amount recovered from the insolvent affiliate.
The association shall be subject to examination and regulation by the commissioner. The board of directors shall submit to the commissioner, not later than May 1 of each year, a financial report for the preceding calendar year in a form approved by the commissioner and a report of its activities during the preceding calendar year.
The association shall be exempt from payment of all fees and all taxes levied by this state or any of its subdivisions, except taxes levied on real or personal property.
There shall be no liability on the part of and no cause of action of any nature shall arise against any member insurer or its agents or employees, the association or its agents or employees, members of the board of directors, or the commissioner or his representatives, for any action taken by them in the performance of their powers and duties under this chapter.
All proceedings in which the insolvent insurer is a party in any court in this state shall be stayed 60 days from the date an order of liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation is final to permit proper legal action by the association on any matters germane to its powers or duties. As to judgment under any decision, order, verdict, or finding based on default the association may apply to have such judgment set aside by the same court that made such judgment and shall be permitted to defend against such suit on the merits.
The purpose of this chapter is to protect policyowners, insureds, beneficiaries, annuitants, payees, and the assignees of life insurance policies, disability insurance policies, annuity contracts, and supplemental contracts, subject to certain limitations, against failure in the performance of contractual obligations due to the impairment or insolvency of the insurer issuing such policies or contracts. To provide this protection, (1) an association of insurers is created to enable the guaranty of payment of benefits and of continuation of coverages, (2) members of the association are subject to assessment to provide funds to carry out the purpose of this chapter, and (3) the association is authorized to assist the commissioner, in the prescribed manner, in the detection and prevention of insurer impairments or insolvencies.
Upon the issuance of a proper court order placing a domestic insurer in receivership or placing a foreign insurer in ancillary receivership for rehabilitation or liquidation, all policyholders, beneficiaries and insureds of such insolvent insurer, with respect to claims arising from and within the coverage of and not in excess of the applicable limits of insurance policies and contracts issued by the insolvent insurer and the Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Fund shall be preferred creditors of said insolvent insurer.
(a) Within 120 days of a final determination of insolvency of an insurance company by a court of competent jurisdiction the receiver shall make application to the said court for approval of a proposal to disburse assets out of such company's marshalled assets, from time to time as such assets become available, to the Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association and to any entity or person performing a similar function in another state. (The Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association and any entity or person performing a similar function in other states shall hereinafter be referred to collectively as associations.)
(b) Such proposal shall at least include provisions for:
(1) Reserving amounts for the payment of expenses of administration and claims falling within the priorities established in the Alabama Uniform Insurers Liquidation Act (subdivisions (2) through (13) of Section 27-32-1 and Sections 27-32-4, 27-32-5, 27-32-15 through 27-32-22) but only with respect to such priorities higher than that of the associations;
(2) Disbursement of the assets marshalled to date and subsequent disbursements of assets as they become available;
(3) Equitable allocation of disbursements to each of the associations entitled thereto;
(4) The securing by the receiver from each of the associations entitled to disbursements pursuant to this section of an agreement to return to the receiver such assets previously disbursed as may be required to pay claims of secured creditors and claims with a higher priority than those of the associations. No bond shall be required of any such association; and
(c) The receiver's proposal shall provide for disbursements to the associations in amounts at least equal to the payments made or to be made thereby for which such associations could assert claims against the receiver, and shall further provide that if the assets available for disbursement from time to time do not equal or exceed the amount of such payments made or to be made by the associations then disbursements shall be in the amount of available assets.
(d) Notice of such application shall be given to the associations in and to the commissioners of insurance of each of the states. Any such notice shall be deemed to have been given when deposited in the United States certified mails, first class postage prepaid, at least 30 days prior to submission of such application to the said court. Action on the application may be taken by the said court provided that above required notice has been given and provided further that the receiver's proposal complies with subdivisions (1) and (4) of subsection (b) hereof.
(a) This chapter shall apply to direct life insurance policies, disability insurance policies, annuity contracts, and contracts supplemental to life and disability insurance policies, and annuity contracts issued by persons licensed to transact insurance in this state at any time, except as limited by this section.
(b) This chapter shall not apply to:
(1) That portion or part of a variable life insurance or variable annuity contract not guaranteed by an insurer.
(2) That portion or part of any policy or contract under which the risk is borne by the policyholder.
(3) Any policy or contract or part thereof assumed by the impaired or insolvent insurer under a contract of reinsurance, other than reinsurance for which assumption certificates have been issued.
(4) Any policy or contract issued by non-profit hospital and medical service plans, fraternal benefit societies, cooperative hospital associations, or health maintenance organizations.
(5) A policy or contract providing coverage to persons not specified in subsection (c).
(c) This chapter shall provide coverage for the policies and contracts specified in subsection (a) as follows:
(1) To persons who, regardless of where they reside (except for non-resident certificate holders under group policies or contracts), are the beneficiaries, assignees, or payees of the persons covered under subdivision (2).
(2) To persons who are owners of, or certificate holders under, covered policies or contracts, and who are residents, or are not residents, but only under all of the following conditions:
a. The insurers which issued the policies or contracts are domiciled in this state.
b. The insurers at the time of issuance of the policies or contracts did not hold licenses or certificates of authority in the state in which such persons reside.
c. The persons are not eligible for coverage by a guaranty association of another state providing protection substantially similar to that provided by this chapter for residents of this state.
(d) Any member insurer that has been declared insolvent and is placed under a final order of liquidation, rehabilitation, or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction prior to May 17, 1993 shall be subject to this chapter as it existed prior to May 17, 1993.
This chapter shall be liberally construed to effect the purpose under Section 27-44-2 which shall constitute an aid and guide to interpretation.
As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings, respectively, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
(1) ACCOUNT. Either of the three accounts created under Section 27-44-6.
(2) ASSOCIATION. The Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association created under Section 27-44-6.
(3) COMMISSIONER. The Commissioner of Insurance of this state.
(4) CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATION. Any obligation under covered policies.
(5) COVERED POLICY. Any policy or contract within the scope of this chapter under Section 27-44-3.
(6) IMPAIRED INSURER. A member insurer deemed by the commissioner after January 1, 1983 to be potentially unable to fulfill its contractual obligations and not an insolvent insurer.
(7) INSOLVENT INSURER. A member insurer which after January 1, 1983, becomes insolvent and is placed under a final order of liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction.
(8) MEMBER INSURER. Any insurer licensed to transact in this state any kind of insurance to which this chapter applies under Section 27-44-3.
(9) PREMIUMS. Direct gross insurance premiums and annuity considerations received on covered policies, less return premiums and considerations thereon and dividends paid or credited to policyholders on such direct business. 'Premiums' do not include premiums and considerations on contracts between insurers and reinsurers.
(10) PERSON. Any individual, corporation, partnership, association or voluntary organization.
(11) RESIDENT. Any person who resides in this state at the time a member insurer is determined to be an impaired or insolvent insurer and to whom contractual obligations are owed.
(a) There is created a nonprofit unincorporated legal entity to be known as the Alabama Life and Disability Insurance Guaranty Association. All member insurers shall be and remain members of the association as a condition of their authority to transact insurance in this state. The association shall perform its functions under the plan of operation established and approved under Section 27-44-10 and shall exercise its powers through a board of directors established under Section 27-44-7. For purposes of administration and assessment the association shall maintain three accounts:
(1) The disability insurance account;
(2) The life insurance account; and
(3) The annuity account.
(b) The association shall come under the immediate supervision of the commissioner and shall be subject to the applicable provisions of the insurance laws of this state.
(a) The board of directors of the association shall consist of not less than five nor more than nine member insurers serving terms as established in the plan of operation. At all times, at least one member of the board shall be a domestic insurer as defined in Section 27-1-2(6). The members of the board shall be selected by member insurers subject to the approval of the commissioner. Vacancies on the board shall be filled for the remaining period of the term by a majority vote of the remaining board members, subject to the approval of the commissioner. To select the initial board of directors, and initially organize the association, the commissioner shall give notice to all member insurers of the time and place of the organizational meeting. In determining voting rights at the organizational meeting, each member insurer shall be entitled to one vote in person or by proxy. If the board of directors is not selected within 60 days after notice of the organizational meeting, the commissioner may appoint the initial members.
(b) In approving selections or in appointing members to the board, the commissioner shall consider, among other things, whether all member insurers are fairly represented.
(c) Members of the board may be reimbursed from the assets of the association for expenses incurred by them as members of the board of directors, but members of the board shall not otherwise be compensated by the association for their services.
In addition to the powers and duties enumerated in other sections of this chapter:
(1) If a domestic insurer is an impaired insurer, the association may subject to any conditions imposed by the association other than those which impair the contractual obligations of the impaired insurer, and approved by the impaired insurer and the commissioner:
a. Guarantee or reinsure, or cause to be guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured, any or all of the covered policies of the impaired insurers;
b. Provide such moneys, pledges, notes, guarantees, or other means as are proper to effectuate paragraph a, and assure payment of the contractual obligations of the impaired insurer pending action under paragraph a;
c. Loan money to the impaired insurer.
(2) If a domestic insurer is an insolvent insurer, the association shall, subject to the approval of the commissioner:
a. Guarantee, assume, or reinsure, or cause to be guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured the covered policies of the insolvent insurer;
b. Assure payment of the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer; and
c. Provide such moneys, pledges, notes, guarantees, or other means as are reasonably necessary to discharge such duties.
(3) If a foreign or alien insurer is an insolvent insurer, the association shall, subject to the approval of the commissioner:
a. Guarantee, assume, or reinsure or cause to be guaranteed, assumed, or reinsured the covered policies of residents;
b. Assure payment of the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer to residents; and
c. Provide such moneys, pledges, notes, guarantees, or other means as are reasonably necessary to discharge such duties.
Provided, however, that this subdivision shall not apply where the commissioner has determined that the foreign or alien insurer's domiciliary jurisdiction or state of entry provides, by statute, protection substantially similar to that provided by this chapter for residents of this state.
(4)a. In carrying out its duties under subdivisions (2) and (3), permanent policy liens, or contract liens may be imposed in connection with any guarantee, assumption or reinsurance agreement, if the court:
1. Finds that the amounts which can be assessed under this chapter are less than the amounts needed to assure full and prompt performance of the insolvent insurer's contractual obligations, or that the economic or financial conditions as they affect member insurers are sufficiently adverse to render the imposition of policy or contract liens, to be in the public interest; and
2. Approves the specific policy liens or contract liens to be used.
b. Before being obligated under subdivisions (2) and (3) the association may request that there be imposed temporary moratoriums or liens on payments of cash values and policy loans in addition to any contractual provisions for deferral of cash or policy loan values, and such temporary moratoriums and liens may be imposed if they are approved by the court.
(5) If the association fails to act within a reasonable period of time as provided in subdivisions (2) and (3) of this section, the commissioner shall have the powers and duties of the association under this chapter with respect to insolvent insurers.
(6) The association may render assistance and advice to the commissioner, upon his request, concerning rehabilitation, payment of claims, continuance of coverage, or the performance of other contractual obligations of any impaired or insolvent insurer.
(7) The association shall have standing to appear before any court in this state with jurisdiction over an impaired or insolvent insurer concerning which the association is or may become obligated under this chapter. Such standing shall extend to all matters germane to the powers and duties of the association, including, but not limited to, proposals for reinsuring or guaranteeing the covered policies of the impaired or insolvent insurer and the determination of the covered policies and contractual obligations.
(8)a. Any person receiving benefits under this chapter shall be deemed to have assigned the rights under the covered policy to the association to the extent of the benefits received because of this chapter whether the benefits are payments of contractual obligations or continuation of coverage. The association may require an assignment to it of such rights by any payee, policy or contract owner, beneficiary, insured or annuitant as a condition precedent to the receipt of any rights or benefits conferred by this chapter upon such person. The association shall be subrogated to these rights against the assets of any insolvent insurer.
b. This subrogation rights of the association under this subdivision shall have the same priority against the assets of the insolvent insurer as that possessed by the person entitled to receive benefits under this chapter.
(9) The contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer for which the association becomes or may become liable shall be as great as but no greater than the contractual obligations of the insolvent insurer would have been in the absence of an insolvency unless such obligations are reduced as permitted by subdivision (4) but the aggregate liability of the association shall not exceed $100,000.00 in cash values, or $300,000.00 for all benefits, including cash values, with respect to any one life.
(10) The association may:
a. Enter into such contracts as are necessary or proper to carry out the provisions and purposes of this chapter;
b. Sue or be sued, including taking any legal actions necessary or proper for recovery of any unpaid assessments under Section 27-44-9;
c. Borrow money to effect the purposes of this chapter. Any notes or other evidence of indebtedness of the association not in default shall be legal investments for domestic insurers and may be carried as admitted assets;
d. Employ or retain such persons as are necessary to handle the financial transactions of the association, and to perform such other functions as become necessary or proper under this chapter;
e. Negotiate and contract with any liquidator, rehabilitator, conservator, or ancillary receiver to carry out the powers and duties of the association;
f. Take such legal action as may be necessary to avoid payment of improper claims;
g. Exercise, for the purpose of this chapter, and to the extent approved by the commissioner, the powers of a domestic life or health insurer, but in no case may the association issue insurance policies or annuity contracts other than those issued to perform the contractual obligations of the impaired or insolvent insurer.
(a) For the purpose of providing the funds necessary to carry out the powers and duties of the association, the board of directors shall assess the member insurers, separately for each account, at such time and for such amounts as the board finds necessary. Assessments shall be due not less than 30 days after prior written notice to the member insurers and shall accrue interest at six percent per annum on and after the due date.
(b) There shall be three classes of assessments, as follows:
(1) Class A assessments shall be made for the purpose of meeting administrative costs and other general expenses and examinations conducted under the authority of Section 27-44-12(5) not related to a particular impaired or insolvent insurer.
(2) Class B assessments shall be made to the extent necessary to carry out the powers and duties of the association under Section 27-44-8 with regard to an impaired or insolvent domestic insurer.
(3) Class C assessments shall be made to the extent necessary to carry out the powers and duties of the association under Section 27-44-8 with regard to an insolvent foreign or alien insurer
(c)(1) The amount of any Class A assessment shall be determined by the board and may be made on a non-pro rata basis. Such assessment shall not exceed $50.00 per company in any one calendar year. The amount of any Class B or C assessment shall be allocated for assessment purposes among the accounts in the proportion that the premiums received by the impaired or insolvent insurer on the policies covered by each account for the last calendar year preceding the assessment in which the impaired or insolvent insurer received premiums bears to the premiums received by such insurer for such calendar year on all covered policies.
(2) Class C assessments against member insurers for each account shall be in the proportion that the premiums received on business in this state by each assessed member insurer on policies covered by each account for the calendar year preceding the assessment bears to such premiums received on business in this state for the calendar year preceding the assessment by all assessed member insurers.
(3) Class B assessments for each account shall be made separately for each state in which the impaired or insolvent domestic insurer was authorized to transact insurance at any time, in the proportion that the premiums received on business in such state by the impaired or insolvent insurer on policies covered by such account for the last calendar year preceding the assessment in which the impaired or insolvent insurer received premiums bears to such premiums received in all such states for such calendar year by the impaired or insolvent insurer. The assessments against member insurers shall be in the proportion that the premiums received on business in each such state by each assessed member insurer on policies covered by each account for the calendar year preceding the assessment bears to such premiums received on business in each state for the calendar year preceding assessment by all assessed member insurers.
(4) Assessments for funds to meet the requirements of the association with respect to an impaired or insolvent insurer shall not be made until necessary to implement the purposes of this chapter. Classification of assessments under subsection (b) and computation of assessments under this subsection shall be made with a reasonable degree of accuracy, recognizing that exact determinations may not always be possible.
(d) The association may abate or defer, in whole or in part, the assessment of a member insurer if, in the opinion of the board, payment of the assessment would endanger the ability of the member insurer to fulfill its contractual obligations. In the event an assessment against a member insurer is abated, or deferred in whole or in part, the amount by which such assessment is abated or deferred may be assessed against the other member insurers in a manner consistent with the basis for assessments set forth in this section.
(e) The total of all assessments upon a member insurer for each account shall not in any one calendar year exceed one percent of such insurer's premiums received in this state during the calendar year preceding the assessment on the policies covered by the account. If the maximum assessment, together with the other assets of the association in either account, does not provide in any one year in either account an amount sufficient to carry out the responsibilities of the association, the necessary additional funds shall be assessed as soon thereafter as permitted by this chapter.
(f) The board may, by an equitable method as established in the plan of operation, refund to member insurers, in proportion to the contribution of each insurer to that account, the amount by which the assets of the account exceed the amount the board finds is necessary to carry out during the coming year the obligations of the association with regard to that account, including assets accruing from net realized gains and income from investments. A reasonable amount may be retained in any account to provide funds for the continuing expenses of the association and for future losses if refunds are impractical.
(g) The association shall issue to each insurer paying an assessment under this chapter, other than a Class A assessment, a certificate of contribution, in a form prescribed by the commissioner, for the amount of the assessment so paid. All outstanding certificates shall be of equal dignity and priority without reference to amounts or dates of issue. A certificate of contribution may be shown by the insurer in its financial statement as an asset in such form and for such amount, if any, and period of time as the commissioner may approve.