In addition to any other proceeding authorized under the laws of this state which establish or determine disputed land lines or boundaries between coterminous owners, the following proceedings may be had in the circuit court; but the remedy hereby given shall not be exclusive of any other remedy given or authorized under the laws of this state. When disputed boundary lines are once established under this article, or any other proceedings authorized by law, they shall be as binding and conclusive upon the parties as any other judgment to establish or settle disputed boundary lines.
Actions may be brought by any person owning land or any interest therein against the owner or person interested in adjoining land to have the boundary lines established; and when the boundary lines of two or more tracts depend upon the same common point, line or landmark, and action may be brought by the owner or any person interested in any of such tracts, against the owners or persons interested in the other tracts, to have all the boundary lines established. The court shall determine any adverse claims in respect to any portion of the land involved which it may be necessary to determine for a complete settlement of the boundary lines and shall make such order respecting costs and disbursements as it shall deem just.
(a) Whenever in any action pending in the circuit court it is pertinent and material to the determination of the issue or issues therein or to the proper entering of a description in the judgment therein to establish or fix a disputed land line or boundaries between coterminous landowners, or to locate the position of a line of the government survey, or to locate a landmarker or other object, the court may, as provided in this article, direct a competent surveyor or surveyors to make a survey for the purpose of fixing or establishing the disputed land line or boundaries between coterminous landowners or of locating the position of a line of the government survey or of locating a landmarker or other object.
(b) If the court is of the opinion that such survey should be made it shall enter an order stating the reasons why, in its opinion, such survey should be made and fixing a day on which to hear objections thereof and directing the parties to said action to show cause, if any, why such survey should not be made as proposed in said order.
(a) Any party to such action may file a motion therein stating the reasons why such a survey should be made and praying that the court appoint a competent surveyor or surveyors to make such survey; and, upon presenting said motion to the judge of the court he shall enter an order fixing a day on which the same shall be heard and directing the other parties to said action to show cause, if any, why such survey should not be made as prayed in said motion.
(b) The notice to show cause why such survey should not be made shall be given by the service of a copy of the order of the court, relative thereto when made by the court without application of a party to said action, or, when based on a motion by a party to said action, then by service of a copy of such motion and the order of the court on said motion on the party or his attorney of record as directed by the court in its order. Such notice shall be for not less than 10 days. The court may continue such hearing from time to time as in its opinion is proper.
If no objection is made to the making of such survey, or the court is of the opinion that such objection as made is not well taken and that such survey is pertinent and material to the determining of the issues in said action, or to enable the court to properly enter a judgment in said action, and that such survey is advisable, the court may enter an order providing for such survey and appointing a competent and disinterested surveyor or surveyors to make the same and fixing the manner in which the cost of such survey is to be paid, and the court may include in such order such additional conditions, terms and provisions as are proper and equitable.
In the event a party to such action petitions for such survey and offers to pay the cost of the same and it appears that such survey is pertinent to the determination of the issue or issues of said action or is essential to the proper entering of an order therein, the court shall order such survey requiring the petitioning party to deposit with the register or clerk of the court the estimated cost to be fixed by the court of such survey, which deposited funds shall be disbursed by order of the court; and on the deposit of such cost with the register or clerk the court shall order such survey to be made.
Such surveyor or surveyors shall promptly make the survey as directed by the court and file in said action a map or plat, if practical, of such survey and a full and definite report thereof, which report shall be under oath; and such surveyor shall appear on such day as is fixed by the court for examination by the court or any interested parties or their attorneys relative to such report and map or plat. The report and map or plat of such surveyor or surveyors shall be considered by the court as prima facie correct.
In fixing the compensation of the surveyor or surveyors, the court may do so by an agreement or by allowing the usual compensation for such professional services. The provisions of this article are not exclusive and shall in no way affect any existing law relative to the power of courts to order a survey.
The judgment shall locate and define the boundary lines involved by reference to well-known permanent landmarks, and if it shall be deemed for the interest of the parties, after the entry of judgment, the court may direct a competent surveyor to establish a permanent stone or iron landmark in accordance with the judgment from which future surveys of the land embraced in the judgment shall be made. Such landmarks shall have distinctly cut or marked thereon 'judicial landmark.' The surveyor shall make report to the court, and in his report shall accurately describe the landmark so erected and define its location as nearly as practicable.