Usa Alabama

USA Statutes : alabama
Title : Title 35 PROPERTY.
Chapter : Chapter 08 CONDOMINIUM OWNERSHIP.
Section 35-8-1 Section 35-8-1Short title.

This chapter shall be known as the 'Condominium Ownership Act.'

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §1; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §1.)Section 35-8-2 Section 35-8-2Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section:

(1) ASSOCIATION. The entity responsible for the administration and management of the condominium property.

(2) COMMON ELEMENTS. A part or parts of the condominium property as set forth in the declaration in which all of the unit owners have an undivided interest.

(3) COMMON EXPENSES. The expenses arising out of ownership of common elements for which the unit owners are liable to the association in accordance with the declaration and bylaws.

(4) COMMON SURPLUS. The excess of all receipts of the association arising out of ownership of common elements over the amount of common expenses.

(5) CONDOMINIUM. The form of ownership of real or personal property or a combination thereof under a declaration providing for ownership of units of the property by one or more owners. Such units may consist of private elements together with an undivided interest in common and limited common elements.

(6) CONDOMINIUM PROPERTY. The property covered by the declaration and all easements, rights and interests belonging thereto or intended for the benefit thereof. Where such property is real property there is no requirement that it be contiguous.

(7) DECLARATION. The declaration as described in section 35-8-7, as such declaration may be amended from time to time.

(8) LIMITED COMMON ELEMENTS. A part or parts of the condominium property as set forth in the declaration in which more than one but not all unit owners have an undivided interest.

(9) LIMITED COMMON EXPENSES. The expenses arising out of ownership of limited common elements for which the unit owners are liable to the association in accordance with the declaration and bylaws.

(10) LIMITED COMMON SURPLUS. The excess of all receipts of the association arising out of ownership of limited common elements over the amount of limited common expenses.

(11) PERSON. Any individual, corporation, partnership, association, trustee, fiduciary or other legal entity.

(12) PRIVATE ELEMENTS. A part or parts of the condominium property as set forth in the declaration and intended for exclusive ownership or possession by a unit owner.

(13) UNIT. The private elements of the condominium property together with the undivided interest in the common elements and limited common elements which are assigned thereto in the declaration or any amendment thereof.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §2; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §2.)Section 35-8-3 Section 35-8-3Applicability of chapter.

This chapter shall be applicable only to property, the sole owner or all of the owners of which execute and record a declaration as provided in section 35-8-7.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §3; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §3.)Section 35-8-4 Section 35-8-4Units to constitute real property.

Each unit shall be deemed real property, the ownership of which may be in fee simple or any other estate in real property recognized by law in this state, including a lease or sublease.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §4; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §4.)Section 35-8-5 Section 35-8-5Unit ownership, possession and enjoyment.

Any unit may be held and owned by one or more persons in any form of ownership, real estate tenancy or relationship recognized under the laws of this state. A unit may be used for residential, commercial, industrial, professional or any other use not prohibited by law. There shall be included with each unit the following:

(1) The private elements as set forth in the declaration.

(2) An undivided interest in such limited common elements as may be set forth in the declaration.

(3) The right of ownership and to exclusive use and possession of such private elements.

(4) The right to use such common elements and limited common elements in accordance with the declaration and bylaws, but consistent with the lawful rights of other unit owners.

(5) An exclusive easement for the use of any air space occupied by the private elements as they exist at any particular time and as they may lawfully be altered or reconstructed from time to time.

(6) Easements through other units for conduits, ducts, plumbing, wiring and other facilities for the furnishing of utility services to units and the common and limited common elements.

(7) An easement of support in every other unit which contributes to the support of such unit.

(8) The right of access to a public street or highway.

(9) Such other incidents to ownership, possession and enjoyment as the declaration may provide.

(Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §5.)Section 35-8-6 Section 35-8-6Common and limited common elements.

(a) The undivided interest in the common elements and limited common elements or the method for determining such interests shall be set forth in the declaration.

(b) Any conveyance, lease, devise or other disposition or mortgage or encumbrance of any unit shall extend to and include such undivided interest in the common and limited common elements, whether or not expressly referred to in the instrument effecting the same.

(c) The common elements and limited common elements shall remain undivided from the condominium property and shall not be the object of an action for partition or division unless the condominium property is removed from the provisions of this chapter as provided in section 35-8-20. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as a limitation on partition of individual interests in a unit or units by co-owners of such unit or units.

(d) The undivided interest of each unit owner in the common elements and limited common elements or the method for determining such interests shall be as set forth in the declaration and shall not thereafter be changed unless the owners of record of the units affected thereby and the holders of record of any liens thereon shall have agreed to an amendment to the declaration which specifies such change. Such agreement may be made either in advance of or at the time of such amendment. The amended declaration shall be duly recorded.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §6; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §6.)Section 35-8-7 Section 35-8-7Establishment of condominium property; contents of declaration.

Condominium property shall be established by recording a properly executed declaration as set forth in section 35-8-11. A declaration shall be executed with the formalities of a deed to real property. It shall be executed by all persons having title of record or lien interests of record to such real property, not including mineral interests, royalty interests, rights-of-way and easements. In addition to such other provisions as may be desired, not inconsistent with this chapter, the declaration shall contain:

(1) A statement submitting the property described to the provisions of this chapter;

(2) The name by which the condominium is to be identified, which name shall include the word 'condominium' or be followed by the words 'a condominium';

(3) A legal description of the land included;

(4) Plans or other graphic or narrative description of the property in sufficient detail to identify common elements, limited common elements and private elements;

(5) The undivided interest assigned to each unit in the common elements and limited common elements or the method for determining such interests;

(6) The voting rights, or the method of determining such rights, of the unit owners, with respect to matters arising out of ownership of the common elements which rights must correspond approximately with each unit owner's undivided interest in such common elements;

(7) The voting rights, or the method of determining such rights, of the unit owners with respect to matters arising out of ownership of the limited common elements, which rights must correspond approximately with each unit owner's undivided interest in such limited common elements;

(8) The proportion, or method for determining such proportion, of common expenses to be shared by each unit owner, which proportion must correspond approximately to each owner's undivided interest in the common elements;

(9) The proportion, or method of determining such proportion, of limited common expenses to be shared by each unit owner, which proportion must correspond approximately to each unit owner's undivided interest in the limited common elements;

(10) The proportion, or method of determining such proportion, of common surplus to be shared by each unit owner, which proportion must correspond approximately to each unit owner's undivided interest in the common elements;

(11) The proportion, or method for determining such proportion, of limited common surplus to be shared by each unit owner, which proportion must correspond approximately to each unit owner's undivided interest in the limited common elements;

(12) The name of the association and whether incorporated or unincorporated;

(13) Such covenants and restrictions concerning the use, occupancy and transfer of units as may be desired, including the right of first refusal on the part of the association and its individual members, the type of independent use permitted for individual units, and such other covenants and restrictions as are permitted by law with reference to real property; provided, that the rule of property known as the rule against perpetuities shall not be applied to defeat a right given any person or entity by the declaration for the purpose of allowing unit owners to retain reasonable control over the use, occupancy and transfer of units, such provisions of the declaration shall be enforceable equitable servitudes and shall run with the land and shall be effective until the declaration is revoked or the provisions amended; and

(14) The method of amending the declaration, which shall require recording of any such amendment before it shall become effective, but in no case shall any amendment change a unit unless the owner of record of such unit and the holders of record of any liens thereon shall have agreed to such amendment either at the time of such amendment or in advance of such amendment.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §11; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §7.)Section 35-8-8 Section 35-8-8Unit deeds and other instruments.

(a) Prior to the conveyance of any unit, plans or other graphic description, certified by a licensed or registered engineer or architect, in sufficient detail to identify the common elements, limited common elements and private elements comprising such unit as built, shall be recorded as a part of the declaration or as an amendment thereto. Such unit shall be identified by assigning a distinctive letter, number or other means of identification by which it may be separately identified from the other units. Where the plans or other graphic description of two or more elements of any unit or units are identical, a single plan or other graphic description of such elements shall be sufficient to satisfy the requirements of this chapter.

(b) Prior to the conveyance of any unit, a copy of the bylaws and any amendments thereto shall be recorded in the same public records as the declaration and amendments thereto.

(c) A deed, mortgage, lease or other instrument pertaining to a unit shall have the same force and effect in regard to such unit as would be given to a like instrument pertaining to other real property which has been similarly made, executed, acknowledged and recorded. In addition to such other matters as may be desired, not inconsistent with this chapter or the declaration, a unit deed shall contain the following:

(1) The name of the condominium property as set forth in the declaration.

(2) The name of the county or counties in which the condominium property is located.

(3) The distinctive unit identification required by subsection (a) of this section, together with a reference to the recording office and the book and page where the declaration and bylaws and amendments thereto are recorded.

(4) A statement of the proportionate undivided interests in the common elements and limited common elements assigned to such unit or the method for determining such interests as set forth in the declaration or any amendments thereto.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §12; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §8.)Section 35-8-9 Section 35-8-9Duties and responsibilities of association for administration and management of property.

The association provided for by the declaration shall be responsible for the administration and management of the condominium property in accordance with this chapter, the declaration and the bylaws. The association may be incorporated or unincorporated. All unit owners will be stockholders or members. Unless otherwise provided in the declaration, the association, acting through its officers or governing board, shall have the powers enumerated below:

(1) The association may maintain, repair, replace, clean and sanitize the common and limited common elements.

(2) The association may assess and collect funds and may pay for common expenses and limited common expenses out of such funds as are appropriate.

(3) In addition to the enforcement of the covenants and restrictions concerning use, occupancy and transfer of units which are included in the declaration pursuant to section 35-8-7, the association may adopt, distribute, amend and enforce reasonable rules governing the administration and management of the condominium property and the use of the common and limited common elements.

(4) The association may maintain all forms of insurance coverage which are for the benefit of the unit owners. The amount of each unit owner's liability for payment of premiums for such insurance shall be a part of his common expense or limited common expense as is appropriate. The association shall apprise each unit owner whether or not insurance coverage is maintained by the association and the type and amount of any insurance which is so maintained. An insurance trustee or trustees may be appointed to administer the proceeds of any such insurance. No unit owner or other person having an insurable risk may be precluded from obtaining insurance, individually, at his own expense and for his own benefit, against any risk, whether or not covered by insurance maintained by the association. Such forms of insurance maintained by the association may include but are not limited to the following:

a. Insurance covering the entire condominium property against loss by fire and such other hazards as may be desired.

b. Liability insurance against any risk, such as death, personal injury or damage to property, faced by unit owners by virtue of their common or limited common ownership in the condominium property, including but not limited to the acts and omissions of the association, its servants and employees.

(5) The association may have access to each unit from time to time during reasonable hours as may be necessary for the maintenance, repair or replacement of any common elements or limited common elements therein or accessible therefrom or for making emergency repairs necessary to prevent damages to any other unit or units.

(6) The association may purchase units in the condominium and otherwise acquire, hold, lease, mortgage and convey the same. It may also lease or license the use of common elements and limited common elements in a manner not inconsistent with the rights of unit owners.

(7) The association may acquire or enter into agreements whereby it acquires personal property, real property, leaseholds, memberships or other possessory or use interests in lands or facilities including, but not limited to, country clubs, golf courses, marinas and other recreational facilities intended for the use or benefit of the unit owners. No unit shall be changed except by amendment to the declaration, and no unit owner shall be charged with any cost or expense of such acquisition or any portion of the cost or expense of the administration, management, repair or replacement thereof, or have any liability in connection therewith, without such unit owner's express consent.

(8) The association may enter into agreements by which its powers and responsibilities or some of them may be exercised or performed by some other person or persons.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §25; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §9.)Section 35-8-10 Section 35-8-10Bylaws of association.

The bylaws govern the administration and management of the condominium property by the association. In addition to such other provisions as may be desired, not inconsistent with this chapter or the declaration, the bylaws shall contain:

(1) The form of administration, indicating the titles of the officers and governing board of the association, if any, and specifying the powers, duties and manner of selection, removal and compensation, if any, of officers and board members.

(2) The name and residence address of the person designated as agent to receive service of process upon the association if the association is not incorporated. Such agent must be a resident of this state.

(3) The method of calling meetings of unit owners, the percentage of unit owners or voting rights required to make decisions regarding administration and management of the condominium property and to constitute a quorum, but such bylaws may nevertheless provide that unit owners may waive notice of meetings or may act by written agreement without meetings.

(4) Provision for the maintenance of accounting records, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, open to inspection by unit owners at reasonable times. Such records shall include:

a. A record of all receipts and expenditures.

b. An account for each unit, setting forth any shares of common expenses or limited common expenses or other charges due, the due dates thereof, the present balance due and any interest in common surplus or limited common surplus.

(5) The method of amending the bylaws, which shall require recording of any such amendment before it shall become effective. Such method need not be the same as that used for amendment of the declaration.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §§18, 19; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §10.)Section 35-8-11 Section 35-8-11Recordation of documents and instruments.

The declaration and any amendments thereto, the bylaws and any amendments thereto, and all deeds, mortgages, liens and other such documents and instruments relating to the condominium which are required to be recorded shall be recorded in the county or counties where the real property is located,

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §15; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §11.)Section 35-8-12 Section 35-8-12Liability, actions and service of process.

(a) Neither the association nor any unit owner shall be liable for the individual acts or omissions of any other unit owner.

(b) All actions seeking liability of unit owners arising by virtue of their condominium ownership and who are not liable by reason of any act or omission on their own part shall be directed against the association and defended by the association. Where plaintiff's demand exceeds unit owner insurance established by the association, such unit owner must be given notice by the association and shall have the right at his own expense to individual representation by counsel.

(c) A unit owner, not liable by reason of any act or omission on his own part, shall have no liability for any settlement, judgment or cost of defense incurred by the association with relation to limited common elements in which he has no interest.

(d) A unit owner shall be liable for no more than a pro rata share of any settlement, judgment or cost of defense incurred by the association. Where liability arises with relation to common elements or limited common elements in which a unit owner has an interest, such pro rata share shall be based on such interest. Where liability arises with relation to private elements, such pro rata share shall be based on the relation that the value of such unit owners private element bears the value of all private elements. In no event may such pro rata share exceed the value of such unit owner's interest in the condominium. Unpaid portions of a judgment which has been so prorated shall not be reassessed among remaining unit owners should those held liable fail to pay.

(e) A unit owner shall be liable for acts or omissions on his own part in the same manner and to the same extent as any other owner of property.

(f) No unit owner, except as an officer of the association, shall have any authority to act for or obligate the association.

(g) Failure of a unit owner to comply with the covenants and restrictions set forth in the declaration or in deeds of units or to comply with the bylaws shall be grounds for an action for the recovery of damages or for injunctive relief, or both, maintainable by the association or by any other unit owner or by any person who holds a lien of record upon a unit and is aggrieved by any such noncompliance.

(h) Whether incorporated or unincorporated, the association shall act through its officers and may enter into contracts, bring suit and be sued. If the association is unincorporated, process may be served upon the association by serving any officer of the association or by serving the agent designated in the bylaws for service of process. Service of process upon any member of the association shall not constitute service of process upon the association.

(i) A unit owner shall have the capacity to sue the association and other unit owners who may be liable by reason of any act or omission on their own part, in tort as if he were a member of the public, and such action shall not be barred on the ground that the plaintiff is a co-owner. Such action shall be at the expense of such plaintiff unit owner, and he shall nevertheless be required to pay any pro rata cost of defense, settlement or judgment of such action which may be assessed against unit owners by the association.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §27; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §12.)Section 35-8-13 Section 35-8-13Common expenses and limited common expenses.

The common expenses and limited common expenses shall be charged to unit owners in such amount that the charge corresponds approximately to their respective undivided interests in the common elements and limited common elements as set forth or determined by the declaration and amendments thereto. The amount of such expenses charged to each unit shall be a lien against such unit subject to the provisions of section 35-8-17. A unit owner shall, by acceptance of title, be conclusively presumed to have agreed to pay his proportionate share of such expenses accruing while he is the owner of a unit. However, the liability of a unit owner for such expenses shall be limited to amounts duly assessed in accordance with this chapter, the declaration and bylaws. No unit owner may exempt himself from liability for his share of such expenses arising out of common elements and limited common elements in which he has an interest by waiver of the enjoyment of the right to use any of the common elements, or limited common elements or by abandonment of his unit or otherwise. Such expenses charged to any unit shall bear interest from the due date set by the association. The interest rate, not to exceed the legal interest rate, may be established by the association or, if no rate is so established, it shall be the legal rate.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §§21, 23; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §13.)Section 35-8-14 Section 35-8-14Prohibited work.

There shall be no material alteration of or substantial addition to the common elements or limited common elements except as authorized by the declaration. No unit owner shall contract for or perform any maintenance, repair, replacement, removal, alteration or modification of the common elements, or limited common elements, or any additions thereto, except through the association and its officers. No unit owner shall take or cause to be taken any action within his unit which would jeopardize the soundness or safety of any part of the condominium property or impair any easement or right of any unit owner or affect the common elements, or limited common elements, without the unanimous consent of all unit owners who might be affected thereby.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §8; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §14.)Section 35-8-15 Section 35-8-15Taxes, special assessments, etc.

All property taxes, special assessments and other charges imposed by any taxing authority shall be separately assessed against and collected on each unit as a single parcel, and not on the condominium property as a whole. Such taxes, assessments and charges shall constitute a lien only upon the unit and upon no other portion of the condominium property. All laws authorizing exemptions or deductions from taxation shall be applicable to each individual unit to the same extent they are applicable to other property. The total of the assessments for tax purposes against the aggregate of all units constituting the condominium property shall not exceed the assessment which would otherwise have been made against such condominium property as a single parcel had it not been submitted to this chapter.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §22; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §15.)Section 35-8-16 Section 35-8-16Liens against condominium property generally.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in section 35-8-18, subsequent to recording the declaration as provided in this chapter and while the property remains subject to this chapter, no lien shall arise or be effective against the condominium property as a whole. During such period, liens or encumbrances shall arise or be created only against each unit in the same manner and under the same conditions in every respect as liens or encumbrances may arise or be created upon or against any other separate parcel of real property subject to individual ownership; provided, that no labor performed or materials furnished with the consent or at the request of a unit owner or his agent, his contractor or subcontractor shall be the basis for the filing of a lien against the unit or any other property of any other unit owner not expressly consenting to or requesting the same, except that such express consent shall be deemed to be given by the owner of any unit in the case of emergency repairs thereto. Labor performed or materials furnished for the common elements and limited common elements, if duly authorized by the association in accordance with this chapter, the declaration or bylaws, shall be deemed to be performed or furnished with the express consent of each unit owner benefited by such labor or materials and shall be the basis for the filing of a lien pursuant to the lien laws against each of the units so benefited and shall be subject to the provisions of subsection (b) of this section.

(b) In the event a lien against two or more units becomes effective, the owner of each separate unit may remove his unit from the lien and obtain a discharge and satisfaction by payment of the proportion thereof attributable to such unit. The proportion so attributable to each unit subject to the lien shall be the proportion in which all units subject to the lien share among themselves in liability for common expenses or limited common expenses as appropriate. Subsequent to any such payment, the lien on such unit shall be discharged or otherwise satisfied of record, and the unit shall thereafter be free and clear of such lien. Such partial payment discharge and satisfaction shall not prevent the lienor from proceeding to enforce his rights against any other unit not so paid, satisfied or discharged.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §9; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §16.)Section 35-8-17 Section 35-8-17Liens in favor of association.

The association shall have a lien on each unit for any unpaid assessment duly made by the association for a share of common expenses, limited common expenses or otherwise, together with interest thereon and, if authorized by the declaration or bylaws, reasonable attorney's fees. Such lien shall be effective from and after the time of recording in the public records of the county in which the unit is located of a claim of lien stating the description of the unit, the name of the record owner, the amount due and the date when due. Such claim of lien shall include only sums which are due and payable when the claim of lien is recorded and shall be signed and verified by an officer or agent of the association. Upon full payment of all sums secured by the lien, the party making payment shall be entitled to a recordable satisfaction of lien. All such liens shall be subordinate to any lien for taxes, the lien of any mortgage of record and any other lien recorded prior to the time of recording of the claim of the association's lien.

(1) Upon any voluntary conveyance of a unit, the grantor and grantee of such unit shall be jointly and severally liable for all unpaid assessments pertaining to such unit duly made by the association or accrued up to the date of such conveyance without prejudice to the right of the grantee to recover from the grantor any amounts paid by the grantee, but the grantee shall be exclusively liable for those accruing while he is the unit owner.

(2) Any unit owner or any purchaser of a unit prior to completion of a voluntary sale may require from the association a certificate showing the amount of unpaid assessments pertaining to such unit, and the association shall provide such certificate within 10 days after request therefor. The holder of a mortgage or other lien on any unit may request a similar certificate with respect to such unit. Any person other than the unit owner at the time of issuance of any such certificate who relies upon such certificate shall be entitled to rely thereon, and his liability for such unpaid assessments shall be limited to the amounts set forth in such certificate.

(3) If a holder of a first lien of record or other purchaser of a unit obtains title to such unit as a result of foreclosure of the first lien, such acquirer of title, his successors and assigns shall not be fully liable for the share of common expenses, limited common expenses or other assessments by the association pertaining to such unit or chargeable to the former unit owner which became due prior to acquisition of title as a result of the foreclosure. Such unpaid share of common expenses, limited common expenses or other assessments shall be deemed to be common expenses or limited common expenses collectable from all of the remaining unit owners including such acquirer, his successors and assigns.

(4) Liens for unpaid assessments may be foreclosed by an action brought in the name of the association in the same manner as a foreclosure of a mortgage on real property. The association shall have the power, unless prohibited by the declaration or bylaws, to bid in the unit at foreclosure sale and to acquire, hold, lease, mortgage and convey the same. An action to recover a money judgment for unpaid assessments may be maintained without waiving the lien securing the same.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §§23, 24; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §17.)Section 35-8-18 Section 35-8-18Blanket mortgage on condominium property.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, if the declaration or bylaws so permit, the entire condominium property or some or all of the units included therein may be subject to a single or blanket mortgage constituting a first lien thereon created by recordable instrument by all of the owners of the property or units covered thereby; and any unit included under the lien of such mortgage may be sold or otherwise conveyed or transferred subject thereto. The instrument creating any such mortgage shall provide a method whereby any unit owner may obtain a release of his unit from the lien of such mortgage and a satisfaction and discharge in recordable form upon payment to the holder of the mortgage of a sum equal to the proportionate share attributable to his unit of the then outstanding balance of unpaid principal and accrued interest and any other charges then due and unpaid. Such proportionate share attributable to each unit shall be the proportion in which all unit owners whose units are then subject to the lien of the mortgage own among themselves the common elements and limited common elements as provided in the declaration, and the private elements, or such other reasonable proportion as shall be specifically provided in the mortgage instrument. Such mortgage may contain provisions for converting such mortgage to individual mortgages on the individual units included therein. In the event of such conversion, the mortgage on the individual units shall be entitled to recordation without the payment of the mortgage tax provided for by section 40-22-2.

(Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §18.)Section 35-8-19 Section 35-8-19Mortgage investments on condominium property.

All persons, as defined in section 35-8-2, including but not limited to insurance companies, banking organizations, mortgage companies and savings and loan associations, may be permitted to invest in bonds, notes and evidences of indebtedness which are secured by mortgages or deeds of trust upon condominium property or units thereof wherever such persons may invest and subject to all of the rules and limitations applicable to such investment in bonds, notes and evidences of indebtedness which are secured by like instruments of the same priority upon real property. Where the applicable limitations are dependent upon the type of use of the real property, only the type of use of the particular unit or units which constitute the security for such investment shall be taken into consideration for the purpose of such limitations.

(Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §19.)Section 35-8-20 Section 35-8-20Termination of condominium.

(a) The condominium property may be removed from the provisions of this chapter provided that all unit owners agree and all holders of record of liens affecting any of the units consent or agree, in either case by instruments duly recorded, that their liens be transferred to the undivided share of the unit owner in the property as hereinafter provided.

(b) A circuit court may grant the petition of any unit owner for a removal of the condominium property from the provisions of this chapter and a partition under the following circumstances:

(1) In the event of total destruction of all improvements of the condominium property and no agreement is reached to rebuild such improvements within a reasonable time, or such rebuilding has not been completed within a reasonable time.

(2) In the event of substantial destruction, deterioration or obsolescence of the condominium property and no agreement is reached to repair, reconstruct or rebuild such property within a reasonable time, or such repair, reconstruction or rebuilding has not been completed within a reasonable time, and at least a majority of votes of unit owners shall be cast in favor of such removal.

(c) Upon removal of the condominium property from the provisions of this chapter, the property shall be deemed to be owned in common by those who were unit owners at the time of such removal. The undivided share in the property owned in common by each such owner with respect to the previous common elements shall be the undivided interest previously owned by such owner in the previous common elements. The undivided share in the property owned in common by each such owner with respect to the previous limited common elements shall be the undivided interest previously owned by each such owner in the previous limited common elements. The undivided share in the property owned in common by each such owner with respect to the previous private elements may be determined by an appraisal of all previous private elements and a computation of the relation that the value of each such owner's previous private elements bears to the value of all previous private elements or such other reasonable method of determination as the declaration may provide. Under no circumstances shall anyone other than the owner of a unit at the time of removal be entitled to the use of any previous element of such previous unit subsequent to the removal of the condominium property from the provisions of this chapter and prior to the sale of such previous element.

(d) After termination of a condominium in any manner, the liens upon the previous units shall be upon the respective undivided interests of the owners as tenants in common.

(e) The termination of a condominium shall not bar the creation of another condominium affecting all or part of the same property.

(Acts 1964, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 206, p. 266, §16; Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §20.)Section 35-8-21 Section 35-8-21Construction and application of building or zoning laws, ordinances and regulations.

All laws, ordinances and regulations concerning buildings or zoning shall be construed and applied with reference to condominium property for dwelling purposes in the same manner as to other multi-family dwelling projects and developments of similar nature and use without regard to the form of ownership. No law, ordinance or regulation shall establish any requirement concerning the use or location, placement or construction of other buildings or other improvements which are or may thereafter be subjected to the condominium form of ownership, unless such requirement shall be equally applicable to all buildings and improvements of the same kind not then or thereafter to be subjected to the condominium form of ownership.

(Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §21.)Section 35-8-22 Section 35-8-22Chapter to be liberally construed.

Notwithstanding a finding that this chapter is in derogation of the common law, it should be liberally construed to effectuate its purpose of encouraging development and construction of condominium property under the provisions of this chapter.

(Acts 1973, No. 1059, p. 1732, §22.)

USA Statutes : alabama