Usa Alaska

USA Statutes : alaska
Title : Code of Civil Procedure
Chapter : Chapter 20. Trial

If a witness is concealed in a building or vessel for the purpose of preventing the service of a subpoena, a peace officer may break into the building or vessel to serve the subpoena upon the witness.

A person present in court or before a judicial officer may be required to testify in the same manner as if the person were in attendance before the court or officer on a subpoena.

In a civil case tried by a jury in any court, whether of record or not, not less than five-sixths of the jury may render a verdict, which is entitled to the legal effect of a unanimous verdict at common law. Special verdicts need not be concurred in by the same jurors.

Article 02. WITNESSES

A witness who disobeys a subpoena served on the witness shall also forfeit to the party requiring the attendance of the witness the sum of $50 and all damages which that party may sustain by the failure of the witness to attend. The forfeiture and damages may be recovered in a civil action.

When a civil case that is to be tried by a jury is called for trial, the clerk shall draw from the trial jury box containing the names of those on the jury panel a number of names or numbers sufficient to name a jury of 12 unless the court directs otherwise. The prospective jurors shall be examined, challenged, and sworn as provided by rules of the supreme court.

The court, judge, referee, or other person before whom the attendance of the witness is required may discharge a witness from an arrest made in violation of AS 09.20.150 .

No person may be required to serve more than a total of three months as a juror during any consecutive two-year period. However, if a person is serving as a juror at the conclusion of the three months period, that person shall complete the trial then in progress. In this section, a person is 'serving as a juror' whenever that person is in attendance in court as a member of a jury or a jury panel.

The selection of jurors shall be made in substantial compliance with AS 09.20.040 - 09.20.090. A failure in substantial compliance which prejudices the rights of a party is reversible error.

A person is disqualified from serving as a juror if the person

(1) has served as a juror in the state within one year of the time of examination for service; or

(2) has been convicted of a felony for which the person has not been unconditionally discharged; unconditional discharge has the meaning given in AS 12.55.185 .

Except as provided in AS 12.61.010 and AS 47.12.110 (b), upon the request of either party the judge may exclude from the courtroom any witness of the adverse party not under examination at the time so that the witness may not hear the testimony of other witnesses.

A person may have jury service deferred if the person shows that jury service at the time for which the person is summoned will cause hardship to that person or another, that transportation problems make it temporarily impossible for the person to serve, or that the person summoned is employed as a full-time or temporary election official and the jury service is during the month in which a primary or general election is held. Jury service may be deferred under this section only if the person seeking the deferment agrees to a deferred date. Jury service may not be deferred for more than 10 months from the date the initial jury service was to begin.

The clerk of the court shall write the names included in the list on separate pieces of paper or prepare metal, plastic, or other types of pieces to correspond to numbers on the jury list. As directed by the court, the clerk shall deposit the named or numbered pieces in the jury box in a number and manner to assure a fair and impartial drawing of the jury panel. A randomly generated computer list of prospective jurors may be used in place of the jury box. The jury box and the named or numbered pieces, or the computer list may be examined by the parties or by an attorney authorized to practice law in the state within limitations and under conditions prescribed by the court.

(a) An employer may not deprive an employee of employment or threaten, coerce, or penalize an employee because the employee receives or responds to a summons for jury service, serves as a juror, or attends court for prospective jury service. This section does not require an employer to pay wages to an employee for time spent on jury service or in court for prospective jury service.

(b) If an employer violates this section, the employee may bring a civil action to recover wages lost as a result of the violation, other damages that resulted from the violation, and may also seek an order requiring the reinstatement of the employee.

A person who has been served in good faith with a subpoena to attend as a witness before a court, judge, referee, or other official is exonerated from arrest in a civil action while going to the place of attendance, necessarily remaining there, and returning from there. The arrest of a witness contrary to this section is void, and when wilfully made is a contempt of court. The officer wilfully making it is responsible to the witness arrested for double the amount of damages that may be assessed against the witness, and is also liable to an action at the suit of the party serving the witness with the subpoena for the damages sustained by the party in consequence of the arrest.

Under the direction of the court the clerk shall conduct the public drawing of jurors for the panel by shaking the box to mix the named or numbered pieces. The clerk shall then draw as many names or numbers as are ordered by the court to fill the jury panel. A random selection of the jury panel by computer may be used in place of the public drawing of names. If the name or number of a person is drawn or selected and the person is deceased, unqualified, disqualified, or the person's attendance cannot be obtained within a reasonable time or may involve a large and unnecessary expense, and the fact appears to the satisfaction of the court through the use of questionnaires or otherwise, the court may reject the name of that person and direct that the name or number of another be drawn.

(a) A person may claim exemption and may be excused from service as a juror if it is shown that the person's health, the health or proper care of the person's family, a permanent physical or mental disability, or other substantial hardship expected to last more than two years makes it necessary for the person to be excused, or if the person is a judicial officer.

(b) A person may claim exemption and shall be excused by the court from service as a juror during the school term if it is shown that the person is a teacher in a school that is designated as failing to make adequate yearly progress under P.L. 107-110. In this subsection, 'teacher' means a person who serves a school district in a teaching capacity in a classroom setting and is required to be certificated in order to hold the position.

(a) If a witness is a prisoner confined in a prison in the state, a state court may order the prisoner's temporary removal and production before a state court for the purpose of being orally examined

(1) by the court or a judge of the court in which the action or proceeding is pending, unless it is a district court;

(2) by a judge of the superior or supreme court when the action or proceeding is pending in a district court, or when the witness's oral examination is required before a judge or other persons out of court.

(b) In any other case, a state court may order the examination in prison upon a deposition.

(a) The officer making the arrest is not liable in any way therefor unless the person claiming exoneration from arrest, if required, makes an affidavit stating that the person

(1) has been served a subpoena to attend as a witness before a court, judge, referee, or other official, specifying the same, the place of attendance, and the action or proceeding in which the subpoena was issued; and

(2) has not been served by the person's own procurement with the intention of avoiding an arrest.

(b) The affidavit may be taken by the officer, and exonerates the officer from liability for not making the arrest or for discharging the witness when arrested.

(a) In an action based on professional negligence, a person may not testify as an expert witness on the issue of the appropriate standard of care unless the witness is

(1) a professional who is licensed in this state or in another state or country;

(2) trained and experienced in the same discipline or school of practice as the defendant or in an area directly related to a matter at issue; and

(3) certified by a board recognized by the state as having acknowledged expertise and training directly related to the particular field or matter at issue.

(b) The provisions of (a) of this section do not apply if the state has not recognized a board that has certified the witness in the particular field or matter at issue.

(a) The jury panel for the trial of civil cases consists of at least twice the number of jurors needed to serve on a trial jury, including any needed alternate jurors. If the number of jurors on the panel falls below the number required by this section or if the regular panel is exhausted, the court shall order the clerk to complete the panel or to secure additional jurors by drawing names from the jury box or by obtaining names from the randomly generated computer list.

(b) If the list of prospective jurors for a court location does not produce sufficient names for a jury panel of minimum size, the administrative director of courts may authorize that additional names of prospective jurors be randomly selected from sources other than those listed in AS 09.20.050 .

(a) A person is qualified to act as a juror if the person is

(1) a citizen of the United States;

(2) a resident of the state;

(3) at least 18 years of age;

(4) of sound mind;

(5) in possession of the person's natural faculties; and

(6) able to read or speak the English language.

(b) A person is not disqualified from serving as a juror solely because of the loss of hearing or sight in any degree or a disability that substantially impairs or interferes with the person's mobility.

(c) The court shall provide, and pay the cost of services of, an interpreter or reader when necessary to enable a person with impaired hearing or sight to act as a juror.

(a) At such times as need may require, but not later than November 30 of each year, the administrative director of courts shall prepare for each judicial district a list of the names of the residents of the district who are qualified by law for jury service. If the superior court is located in different cities in the same judicial district, the administrative director shall prepare for each location of the court a list of the names of the qualified residents of that portion of the district considered to be appropriate.

(b) The jury list shall be based on a list prepared by the Department of Revenue of all persons who filed an application for a distribution of Alaska permanent fund income under AS 43.23 during the current calendar year that shows an Alaskan address, and of all persons who volunteer for jury duty under (d) of this section. If considered necessary by the administrative director of the Alaska Court System, the jury list shall incorporate a list prepared by the Department of Administration of all persons who hold a valid Alaska driver's license. The departments shall submit their respective lists to the Alaska Court System not later than September 30 of each year. To the extent that it is available, the departments shall include on the lists they submit the following information for each person: first name, middle initial, and last name; mailing address, including the zip code; and birth date. The lists shall be recorded on magnetic tape compatible with Alaska Court System data processing equipment.

(c) A copy of the appropriate portion of the jury list shall be transmitted to the presiding judge of each judicial district and shall only be used to summon jurors and for other purposes of judicial administration. Duplicate names and the names of deceased persons and persons permanently excused from jury service shall be eliminated from the list before it is transmitted to the presiding judge. A questionnaire for prospective jurors may be adopted and submitted to them by the administrative director of courts.

(d) A person who is qualified as a juror under AS 09.20.010 and is not disqualified from serving as a juror by AS 09.20.020 may volunteer for jury duty by contacting the administrative director of the Alaska Court System and providing the information the administrative director may require.