Repealed or Renumbered
A person may not dispose of human excreta, garbage, or refuse on or near a public way or thoroughfare or on or near a tourist accommodation except in the use of appropriate facilities.
The commissioner shall take appropriate measures to inform the public of the provisions of AS 18.35.300 - 18.35.365.
The department has jurisdiction over the health and sanitary conditions of tourist accommodations under AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090.
The commissioner or the commissioner's designee is responsible for enforcing the provisions of AS 18.35.300 - 18.35.365. This section does not limit the authority of peace officers.
(a) [Repealed, Sec. 45 ch 59 SLA 1982].
(b) An owner of a restaurant or tavern shall provide and maintain sanitary toilet accommodations for public use.
A person may not be fined more than once for each violation of AS 18.35.300, 18.35.305, or 18.35.330.
The purpose of AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090 is to establish and maintain minimum standards of health and sanitation in tourist camps, trailer camps, motor courts, and motels necessary and desirable for the protection of the public health and welfare.
Each person operating a tourist accommodation shall post a copy of the provisions contained in AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090 and pertinent regulations in at least one conspicuous place on the premises.
(1) 'commissioner' means commissioner of environmental conservation;
(2) 'department' means the Department of Environmental Conservation.
The commissioner or any affected party may institute an action in the superior court to enjoin repeated violations of AS 18.35.300 , 18.35.305, or 18.35.330.
A person establishing, operating or maintaining a tourist accommodation who refuses or neglects to obtain a permit as provided in AS 18.35.040 , or who continues to operate or maintain a trailer camp after the permit has been suspended or revoked, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, is punishable by a fine of not more than $500, or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both.
A person who fails to comply with AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090, except AS 18.35.040, or the regulations adopted under those sections, upon conviction, is punishable by a fine of not more than $100, or by imprisonment in a jail for not more than 30 days, or both.
The department shall adopt regulations to implement and enforce AS 18.35.200 by appropriate means, including but not limited to periodic inspections.
An owner of public facilities or sponsor of special events open to the general public shall, where practical, provide and maintain at the facilities or events sanitary toilet accommodations for public use whether the facilities or events are permanent or temporary. A charge may not be required for use of a toilet facility in any public place.Penalty For Violation of AS 18.35.200 is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction is punishable by a fine of not more than $500. Each day of operation is a separate offense.
(1) 'department' means the Department of Environmental Conservation;
(2) 'tourist accommodations' means a place maintained or held out to the public for purposes of abode, whether occupied by transient or permanent guests, whether equipped with tents, tent houses, cottages, automobile trailers, coaches, motor courts, or motels, and regardless of whether benefit accrues to the owner or operator.
Article 02. PUBLIC RESTROOMS
The department shall adopt regulations to implement and enforce AS 18.35.100 by appropriate means. The regulations must set standards of sanitation and must provide for, but need not be limited to, periodic inspections. However, the regulations may not require a restaurant or tavern to have more than one toilet accommodation.
(a) The prohibition set out in AS 18.35.300 does not apply to
(1) a portion of a place or vehicle that is designated as a smoking section under AS 18.35.320 ;
(2) a limousine for hire or taxicab, if the driver consents and the driver ascertains that all passengers consent to smoking in the vehicle.
(3) [Repealed, Sec. 3 ch 64 SLA 1990].
(b) The prohibitions set out in AS 18.35.300 - 18.35.305 do not apply to smoking by performers on the stage as part of a theatrical entertainment production.
(a) A person who fails to comply with AS 18.35.100 is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction is punishable by a fine of not more than $500. Each operating restaurant or tavern in violation constitutes a separate offense.
(b) In addition to the penalty provided in (a) of this section, the court shall require the person to comply with AS 18.35.100 within a reasonable period of time.
A person may not establish, operate, or maintain a tourist accommodation in the state without first obtaining a permit from the department. The department may issue both provisional and annual permits and may suspend the permits after a hearing resulting in findings that the holder has failed to comply with AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090 or a regulation adopted under AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090. The department may not exercise jurisdiction or require permits inside municipalities regulating tourist accommodations substantially in the manner provided in AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090.
(a) The department may adopt and enforce regulations that relate to health and sanitation in the construction, operation, and maintenance of the accommodations including but not limited to minimum standards for water supply, sewage and refuse disposal, laundry, bathing and toilet facilities, communicable disease control, general cleanliness and safety, that are necessary or desirable for the protection of public health.
(b) The provisions of AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090 do not prohibit the health authorities of a municipality from instituting local programs for health and sanitary control of tourist accommodations, including the enactment of ordinances for issuance and revocation of permits and additional regulations. However, the ordinance or regulation may not detract from the provisions of AS 18.35.010 - 18.35.090 or the regulations under these sections.
(a) A person in charge of a place or vehicle described in AS 18.35.300 or 18.35.305, except a limousine for hire or taxicab, shall conspicuously display in the place or vehicle a sign that reads 'Smoking Prohibited by Law - Maximum Fine $50' and that includes the international symbol for no smoking.
(b) In a place or vehicle in which a smoking section has been designated under AS 18.35.320 , the person in charge of the place or vehicle shall conspicuously display signs that specify the portions of the place or vehicle in which smoking is allowed by law and in which smoking is prohibited by law.
(c) A sign required by this section must be at least 18 inches wide and six inches high, with lettering at least 1.25 inches high.
(d) The department shall furnish signs required under this section to a person who requests them with the intention of displaying them.
(a) A person in charge of an indoor place or vehicle of public transportation described in AS 18.35.300 may designate portions of the place or vehicle as smoking sections. For purposes of this section, 'vehicle of public transportation' does not include a taxicab or limousine for hire, and 'indoor place' does not include an elevator.
(b) The person who chairs the Rules Committee in a house of the legislature is responsible for the designation of smoking sections under this section in the legislative offices, committee rooms, and other places under the control of that house. The authority to designate a smoking section may not be used to impede the work of a conference committee.
(c) A person who designates a smoking section under this section shall make reasonable accommodations to protect the health of the nonsmokers who use the place or vehicle by separation, partition, or ventilation that ensures that nonsmokers in the place or vehicle are not subject to the active by-products of smoke from smokers in the place or vehicle.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision in this chapter, a smoking section may not be designated under this section for students on the grounds of or in an elementary or secondary school, indoors or outdoors.
(1) 'department' means the Department of Environmental Conservation;
(2) 'public facilities' means recreation camps, picnic areas, theaters, places of entertainment, churches, fair buildings, and places with permanent facilities for public use;
(3) [Repealed, Sec. 38 ch 30 SLA 1992].
(4) 'restaurant' means a place maintained or held out to the public for purposes of sale and on-premise consumption of food or beverages;
(5) 'special events' means events involving public gathering and includes athletic and sporting events where the public congregates, including but not be limited to dog sled racing, horse racing, snowmobile races, skiing events, salmon derbies, and other activities;
(6) 'tavern' means a place maintained or held out to the public for purposes of sale and on-premise consumption of alcoholic beverages;
(7) 'toilet accommodations' means a facility available to the public consisting of an approved flush-type commode, urinal, privy, self-contained privy, or any other device approved by the department for containment and disposal of human wastes, and shall include lavatory facilities where practical.
Article 03. REGULATION OF SMOKING IN PUBLIC FACILITIES
Smoking in any form is prohibited in the following indoor places:
(1) a public or private elementary or secondary school, preschool, or children's day care facility; if the school, preschool, or day care facility is in a building that is also a private residence, this paragraph applies only during the hours when the residence is being used as an elementary or secondary school, preschool, or children's day care facility and to the rooms used as an elementary or secondary school, preschool, or children's day care facility; if the school, preschool, or day care facility is in a building that includes more than one private residence or units that are not private residences, this paragraph applies only to the private residence in which the elementary or secondary school, preschool, or children's day care facility is located; the prohibition in this paragraph does not apply to a designated smoking area that is properly ventilated or equipped with an exhaust fan in a public or private elementary or secondary school if the area is located in a room where minors are not permitted and a smoking area must be designated in the school to comply with a collective bargaining agreement covering employees who work in the school;
(2) a room, chamber, or other place under the control of the state or a political subdivision of the state while a public meeting or public assembly is in progress;
(3) an office where dental care, health care, or the healing arts are practiced, a public or private laboratory associated with dental care, health care, or the healing arts if the laboratory is located within the same premises as an office where dental care, health care, or the healing arts are practiced, and a public or private hospital, or other nonresidential health care institution or facility; this paragraph does not apply to a public or private office or facility that is engaged primarily in providing mental health services;
(4) an elevator.
Smoking in any form is a nuisance and a public health hazard and is prohibited in the following vehicles and indoor places, except as allowed under AS 18.35.310 :
(1) a vehicle of public transportation and a waiting, baggage, or boarding area for a vehicle of public transportation, including a bus, ferry vessel, train, limousine for hire, taxicab, or scheduled interstate or intrastate aircraft flight when consistent with federal law;
(2) a place of employment, a building or other structure, or a portion of them, owned, leased, or operated by the state or a political subdivision of the state, including an office, library, museum, theater, concert hall, convention hall, gymnasium, swimming pool, or other place of entertainment or recreation;
(3) a public or private postsecondary educational institution or adult day care facility;
(4) a courtroom or jury deliberation room;
(5) a room, chamber, or other place under the control of the state senate or state house of representatives while a public meeting or public assembly is not in progress;
(6) a nursing home, rest home, or other residential health care institution or facility, or a public or private office or facility that is engaged primarily in providing mental health services;
(7) a food service establishment that has a seating capacity of at least 50 persons;
(8) a grocery store or other store maintained primarily for the retail sale of food products;
(9) a place of employment in which the owner, manager, proprietor, or other person who has control of the premises posts a sign stating that smoking is prohibited by law;
(10) a correctional facility; and
(11) the Alaska Pioneers' Home or the Alaska Veterans' Home.
(a) The commissioner shall develop and maintain a procedure for processing reports of violations of AS 18.35.300 , 18.35.305, and 18.35.330.
(b) If, after investigating a report made under this section, the commissioner determines that a violation has occurred, (1) the commissioner may file a civil complaint in the district court to enforce the provisions of AS 18.35.300 - 18.35.365; or (2) an employee of the department designated by the commissioner to enforce the provisions of AS 18.35.300 - 18.35.365 may issue a citation under AS 18.35.341(b). If an employee of the department issues a citation, the violation shall be processed and disposed of under AS 18.35.341 .
(c) A person who violates AS 18.35.300 or 18.35.305 and against whom the commissioner has filed a civil complaint under this section is punishable by a civil fine of not less than $10 nor more than $50. A person who violates AS 18.35.330 and against whom the commissioner has filed a civil complaint under this section is punishable by a civil fine of not less than $20 nor more than $300. Each day a violation of AS 18.35.330 continues after a civil complaint for the violation has been filed and served on the defendant constitutes a separate violation.
(d) The department may provide for the payment of civil fines under this section by mail.
(a) A peace officer may issue a citation for a violation of AS 18.35.300 or 18.35.305 committed in the officer's presence or for a violation of AS 18.35.330 . The provisions of AS 12.25.180 (b) and 12.25.190 - 12.25.230 apply to the issuance of a citation under this subsection.
(b) An employee of the department designated by the commissioner to enforce the provisions of AS 18.35.300 - 18.35.365 may issue a citation for a violation of AS 18.35.300 , 18.35.305, or 18.35.330 regardless of whether the violation was committed in the employee's presence. A citation issued under this subsection shall be in the same form and shall be processed in the same manner as a citation issued by a peace officer under (a) of this section. An employee of the department may not arrest a person for a violation of AS 18.35.300 , 18.35.305, or 18.35.330.
(c) A person who violates AS 18.35.300 , 18.35.305, or 18.35.330 is guilty of a violation as defined in AS 11.81.900 (b) and upon conviction is punishable by a fine of not less than $10 nor more than $50 for a violation of AS 18.35.300 or 18.35.305 and by a fine of not less than $20 nor more than $300 for a violation of AS 18.35.330 . Each day a violation of AS 18.35.330 continues after a citation for the violation has been issued constitutes a separate violation.
(d) The supreme court shall establish a schedule of bail amounts for violations of AS 18.35.300 , 18.35.305, and 18.35.330, but in no event may the bail amount exceed the maximum fine that may be imposed for the violation under (c) of this section. The bail amount for a violation must appear on the citation.
(e) A person cited for a violation under this section may, within 15 days after the date of the citation, mail or personally deliver to the clerk of the court in which the citation is filed
(1) the amount of bail indicated on the citation for that violation; and
(2) a copy of the citation indicating that the right to an appearance is waived, a plea of no contest is entered, and the bail is forfeited.
(f) When bail has been forfeited under (e) of this section, a judgment of conviction shall be entered. Forfeiture of bail is a complete satisfaction for the violation. The clerk of the court accepting the bail shall provide the violator with a receipt stating that fact if requested.
(g) If the person cited fails to pay the bail amount established under (d) of this section or to appear in court as required, the citation is considered a summons for a misdemeanor.