Whenever any portion of the militia is ordered to duty by the governor, the decision of the governor in this matter is final.
The following are exempt from militia service: persons exempt by the laws of the United States, judges of the courts of the state, and members and officers of the state legislature.
Repealed or Renumbered
This chapter may be cited as the Military Code of Alaska.
Repealed or Renumbered
An able-bodied person of good character who is a citizen of the United States or has declared an intention of becoming a citizen is eligible for enlistment in the National Guard or Naval Militia at the ages and for the periods of time that are prescribed in federal or state regulations in effect at time of enlistment.
The governor may requisition from the Secretary of Defense the arms and equipment that are available for state forces, and make available to state forces the facilities of state armories not required by the federal government and their equipment as may be available.
An enlisted person who is discharged from service in the organized militia of the state shall receive a notice of discharge in writing in the form and classification prescribed by state law or regulations. In time of peace or when there is no declaration of national emergency, a discharge may be given before the expiration of terms of enlistment under regulations prescribed by competent authority.
A physician who knowingly makes and delivers a false certificate of physical disability concerning a person ordered to active service shall be tried in the state court and, upon conviction, forever forfeits the license and right to practice the profession of physician in this state.
Unless prohibited by federal regulation, no less than once every two training years, each unit of the Alaska Army National Guard shall train for annual active duty training at a site other than its regular base training site. Every effort shall be made to select a training site in a different type of environment from that of the regular base training site.
A person who was a member of the Alaska National Guard on or after January 1, 1969, is entitled to credit for service to the state and former territory of Alaska as a member of the National Guard and Territorial Guard before and after January 1, 1969, in determining eligibility for retirement benefits under AS 26.05.224 .
A member of the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia shall be included in this system upon commencement of membership in the Alaska National Guard, or on January 1, 1973, whichever is later, or upon commencement of membership in the Alaska Naval Militia or on July 1, 1980, whichever is later.
The provisions of 50 U.S.C. App. 501 - 590, pertaining to the temporary suspension of enforcement of civil liabilities of persons in the military service of the United States, apply to members of the Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia while on active duty for the state by order of the governor.
The governor as commander in chief may organize units in communities so requesting and specifically provide for organization of at least two scout battalions in the western and northwestern coastal areas and northern Arctic regions of the state, in accordance with special authority of the United States Department of Defense.
The commanding officer of a unit may appoint a summary court to consist of one officer who may administer oaths and may try enlisted persons for breach of discipline and for minor violations of a military regulation governing the unit. The court, when satisfied of the guilt of the soldier, may fine the soldier not exceeding $25 for any single offense, sentence to a reduction in rank, and declare not in excess of one month's forfeiture of pay and allowances. The proceedings shall be informal.
The governor's command is exercised through the adjutant general, who shall carry out the policies of the governor in military affairs. The adjutant general represents the governor and shall act in conformity with the governor's instructions. The adjutant general shall exercise control over the military department of the state.
A state militia, known as the Alaska State Defense Force, may be organized through voluntary enlistments under regulations as to discipline and training that may be prescribed by the governor. During the time that the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia, or any part of either of them, is not available to the state by reason of active federal service, or the National Guard or Naval Militia requires augmentation to perform its state mission, the governor may activate the Alaska State Defense Force.
A commanding officer of the Alaska militia engaged under proper authority in the suppression of any of those acts listed in AS 26.05.070 may determine the means to be used in controlling or dispersing any mob or other unlawful assembly. A commanding officer who exercises this discretion is not liable in either a civil or criminal action for an act done in the line of duty.
The adjutant general or the commanding officer of a battalion or similar unit may appoint a special court-martial but the special court-martial may in any case be appointed by superior authority when it considers the appointment desirable. A special court-martial may try any person subject to the military code of Alaska, except a commissioned or warrant officer, for any crime of a purely military nature made punishable as such by military law of the United States or the state. A special court-martial has the same powers of punishment as a general court-martial, except that a fine may not exceed $100.
There shall be provided by the state, transportation and subsistence for all officers and enlisted persons who are ordered into active service by the state for encampment, field duty, or other duty. Necessary transportation, stores and subsistence for troops when ordered on duty shall be contracted by the proper officers and paid for as other military bills. Contracting under this section is governed by AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code).
The governor may proclaim martial law when the public safety requires it in case of rebellion or actual or imminent invasion, and may order all or any part of the organized militia into active state service to enforce the proclamation. The militia shall assume only those functions of civil government specified by the governor, or those that, in the discretion of the militia commander, must be assumed in order to accomplish a specific mission assigned by the governor. Martial law may not continue for longer than 20 days without the approval of a majority of the members of the legislature in joint session.
A person may not be commissioned or warranted in an office of the National Guard or the Naval Militia of the state unless the person is examined and adjudged qualified for the office by an examining board appointed by the commander in chief, except that at the discretion of the adjutant general the proceedings of federal examining boards may be accepted instead of a state board. The composition, appointment, and procedure of examining boards and the nature and scope of examinations shall be as prescribed by the military laws or regulations of the United States or this state.
(a) Except in organizations in the service of the United States, military courts in the Alaska militia, including the Alaska National Guard and the Alaska Naval Militia, are of three kinds: general, special, and summary courts-martial.
(b) When practicable considering finances, personnel, and administration, military courts shall be constituted like similar courts provided for by the laws and regulations governing the armed forces of the United States and shall follow the forms and procedure prescribed for those courts.
Repealed or Renumbered
A member of the militia who is ordered into active service and who refuses or wilfully or negligently fails to report at the time and place and to the officer designated in the order or to the officer's representative is guilty of desertion and shall be punished as a general court-martial directs, unless the member produces a sworn certificate from a licensed physician of good standing that the member was physically unable to appear at the time and place designated. A person chargeable with desertion under this section may be taken by force and compelled to serve.
A commissioned officer and enlisted person upon reaching the maximum age prescribed for active duty by appropriate regulations and a commissioned officer or enlisted person who is disabled or incapacitated for active duty through no personal fault or dereliction, and a commissioned officer or enlisted person who serves honorably with the Alaska National Guard or with the Alaska Naval Militia in any capacity and is unable to perform further active duty due to limitations imposed by appropriate regulations may be placed upon the retired list upon recommendation by the adjutant general and approval of the governor.
All bills, claims, and demands for military purposes shall be certified and audited as prescribed by law and shall be paid from the state general fund in the normal manner upon submission of vouchers by the adjutant general. If the organized militia, or any part of it, is called into active service of the state in case of war, disaster, insurrection, rebellion, tumult, riot, invasion, breach of peace, or to execute or enforce the law, vouchers for legally allowed pay and expenses for this service or compensation for injuries shall be drawn upon the general fund of the state treasury and paid out of money in that fund not otherwise appropriated.and 26.05.296, 'good standing' means the student is enrolled, attending, and meeting the minimum requirements for successful completion of the program or class.
The governor as ex officio commander of the militia of the state has command of the Alaska National Guard and the Alaska Naval Militia while they are not in active federal service. The governor may adopt necessary regulations for them not inconsistent with 48 U.S.C. 473 - 479. Except as otherwise prescribed by those sections, the Alaska National Guard and the Alaska Naval Militia and their members are subject to all federal laws and regulations relating to the National Guard and Naval Militia of the several states and territories and of the United States.
An offense committed by a member of the militia, organized or unorganized, shall be tried in civil courts and prosecuted by civil authorities except offenses of a purely military nature. This policy shall be executed and carried into effect at all times and applies to all encampments, armory drill periods, and parade periods in addition to any duty performed by the militia under AS 26.05.070 .
In the event of imminent invasion by a foreign power and for the same reasons set forth in AS 26.05.070 , if the governor has ordered into active service all of the available organized militia or if the organized militia is in active federal service, the governor may order the unorganized militia or any portion of it considered necessary into active service, and have them perform military duty for the state subject to this chapter, as the circumstances require.
Any appeal from the sentence of a court-martial by the defendant shall be taken to the adjutant general. The defendant shall file written notice of appeal within 30 days of the court's finding of guilty. The adjutant general with the assistance of the staff judge advocate shall review all questions of law and fact. The final decision in all appeals from the special and summary courts-martial are with the adjutant general. An appeal from the general court-martial conviction shall be reviewed by the adjutant general as provided in this subsection. However the defendant, within 60 days after being served with the written decision of the adjutant general, affirming in whole or in part the conviction, may appeal to the governor, whose decision is final.
(a) The Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs shall contribute to the Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia retirement system the amounts determined by the commissioner of administration as necessary to
(1) fund the system based on the actuarial requirements of the system as established by the commissioner of administration; and
(2) administer the system.
(b) The amount required for contributions from the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs under (a) of this section shall be included in the annual appropriations made to the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs.
(a) The adjutant general shall adopt and publish orders and regulations not contrary to law that in the adjutant general's judgment are necessary to bring the organizations, armament, equipment and discipline of the organized militia to a high degree of efficiency. The adjutant general shall perform all the administrative functions incident to the operation of the Alaska National Guard and the Alaska Naval Militia. In addition the adjutant general shall have an inventory taken at least once each year of all state military stores, property, and funds under the jurisdiction of the adjutant general.
(b) [Repealed, Sec. 35 ch 126 SLA 1994].
(c) [Repealed, Sec. 1 ch 37 SLA 1968].
(d) [Repealed, Sec. 1 ch 66 SLA 1967].
(a) The militia of the state consists of all able-bodied citizens of the United States and all other able-bodied persons who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States, who reside in the state, who are at least 17 years of age, and who are eligible for military service under the laws of the United States or this state.
(b) The militia is divided into two classes:
(1) the organized militia, consisting of the Alaska National Guard, the Alaska Naval Militia, and the Alaska State Defense Force; and
(2) the unorganized militia, consisting of all qualified persons available for service but not serving in the organized militia.
(c) The adjutant general may, by regulation, prescribe the maximum age for eligibility in the militia.
(a) There is established an Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia retirement system. The commissioner of administration shall administer the Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia retirement system.
(b) The commissioner of administration may adopt regulations to implement the Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia retirement system. Regulations adopted by the commissioner under this subsection relate to the internal management of state agencies and their adoption is not subject to AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act).
(a) To the extent funds are available, the adjutant general may authorize the payment of up to 100 percent of the cost of tuition and required fees for each active member of the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia if the member attends an educational, vocational, or technical training school in this state. The adjutant general may prioritize categories of education benefits to encourage recruitment and retention of Alaska National Guard members. Payments authorized under this section for active members of the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia continue so long as the active member is a student in good standing in the educational program or class and participates satisfactorily in unit training activities.
(b) [Repealed, Sec. 5 ch 25 SLA 1997].
(a) Each active enlisted member of the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia who has completed the initial voluntary enlistment period of service that fulfills the mandatory requirement for military service under 50 U.S.C. App. 451 - 456, 458 - 471 (Military Selective Service Act of 1967) is eligible for educational assistance benefits in Alaska educational facilities.
(b) Except as provided in this subsection, educational programs and monetary benefits available to persons under (a) of this section are based on and equivalent to those of the United States Department of Veterans Affairs education program. Educational assistance may only be provided for a program or class in which the person is a student in good standing.
(c) [Repealed, Sec. 5 ch 25 SLA 1997].
(d) [Repealed, Sec. 5 ch 25 SLA 1997].
(a) A civil action for damages may not be brought by or on behalf of a member of the military services against the state or against any employee of the state or any member or former member of the Alaska militia for wrongful death, personal injury, or other tort claim or injury arising out of activities that were incident to the member's military service.
(b) In this section, 'military service' means service in the United States military, the militia described in AS 26.05.010 (b), or the national guard of another state.
(c) This section does not apply to a civil action for damages as a result of intentional misconduct within the course and scope of employment or agency and with complete disregard for the safety and property of others.
(a) The headquarters of the Alaska National Guard is composed of an Army National Guard component, an Air National Guard component and a Naval Militia component. The Army National Guard component and the Air National Guard component shall each be commanded by an assistant adjutant general appointed by the adjutant general with the concurrence of the governor. An assistant adjutant general shall, while holding office, have the grade of brigadier general or a lower grade that the adjutant general may prescribe. On initial appointment an assistant adjutant general must hold a federally-recognized field-grade commission with at least five years service in the Alaska Army National Guard or in the Alaska Air National Guard.
(b) The adjutant general may appoint necessary officers, enlisted persons, and civilian employees to the headquarters staff.
(a) The adjutant general and the assistant adjutants general serve at the pleasure of the governor.
(b) When federal recognition of an officer's commission or warrant has been withdrawn, the officer's state appointment as a commissioned or warrant officer may be terminated, and the commission or warrant vacated upon the recommendation of the adjutant general and approval of the governor.
(c) When a commissioned or warrant officer has successfully completed the prescribed term of service so as to be eligible for retirement, the officer may be placed upon the retired list upon the recommendation of the adjutant general and approval of the governor.
(d) Commissioned or warrant officers may tender their resignations through National Guard or Naval Militia command channels. Resignations shall be in writing, stating the reason for resignation, and shall take effect when accepted by the adjutant general upon the approval of the governor.
(a) The adjutant general, with the concurrence of the governor, may appoint an assistant adjutant general for space and missile defense. The adjutant general for space and missile defense is the official military representative of the state in matters pertaining to the development and deployment of a missile defense program in this state.
(b) The assistant adjutant general for space and missile defense shall be a federally recognized general-grade officer in the Alaska National Guard or an officer in the grade of colonel in the Alaska National Guard who has qualifications to gain federal recognition as a general-grade officer.
(c) The position of assistant adjutant general for space and missile defense is authorized for the duration of the development and deployment of a missile defense program in this state, subject to the availability of federal funding for that purpose.
(a) A general court-martial of the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia shall be convened only by order of the governor. A general court-martial may try any person subject to the military code of Alaska for a crime made punishable by the military laws of the United States and the state, and may impose fines not exceeding $200, sentence forfeiture of pay and allowances, reprimand, give bad conduct discharges, dismiss or dishonorably discharge from the service, reduce noncommissioned officers in rank, and confine in a jail or guardhouse for a period not exceeding 60 days. Any two or more punishments may be combined in the sentence imposed by the court. The procedure by which a general court-martial shall function in view of the state's lack of manpower, and shortage of places of confinement and finances, shall be in compliance with reasonable regulations, adjusted to the peculiar characteristics of the state. The regulations shall be formulated by the adjutant general, drafted by the staff judge advocate and approved by the governor.
In the event of war, disaster, insurrection, rebellion, tumult, catastrophe, invasion, or riot; or if a mob or body of men act together by force with intent to commit a felony or to offer violence to persons or property, or by force and violence to break and resist the laws of the state, or the United States; or in the case of imminent danger of the occurrence of any of these events; or whenever responsible civil authorities fail to preserve law and order, or protect life and property, or the governor believes that failure is imminent, the governor may order the organized militia or any part of it, into active state service to execute the laws and to perform duties in connection with them that the governor considers proper. Whenever any portion of the militia is ordered into active service by the governor, it becomes an additional police force, retaining its separate entity and operating at all times as a military organization under military command, with power to cooperate with but not to supersede the existing civilian law enforcement officers whenever possible, for the re-establishment of law and order and for the protection of life and property. The governor may also order members of the organized militia to active state service, with their consent, for the purpose of training or for full-time duty with the office of the adjutant general.
(a) Members of the militia ordered into active service for the state by order of the governor are not liable civilly or criminally for any act done by them in their official capacity while in this such service. If a suit is commenced in a court against an officer or enlisted person of the militia as a result of an act done by the officer or enlisted person in an official capacity while in active service, the defendant may require the person instituting the suit to give security for the payment of costs. If judgment is for the defendant, treble costs shall be assessed against the plaintiff. The defendant in the action shall be defended by the attorney general at the expense of the state but the defendant may employ private counsel.
(b) The state has not waived its sovereign immunity and is not liable for the acts or omissions of members of the organized militia, unless those members were ordered into active state service by the governor under AS 26.05.070 and the members were acting in the line of duty of those orders. This subsection does not apply to a civil action for damages as a result of intentional misconduct within the course and scope of employment or agency and with complete disregard for the safety and property of others.
(a) The commissioner of administration shall establish a military retirement trust fund for the system in which the assets of the system are deposited and held. The commissioner shall maintain accounts and records for the system.
(b) All income of the fund and all disbursements made by the fund shall be credited or charged, whichever is appropriate, to the following accounts:
(1) an individual account for each retired member of the system that records the benefits paid under this system to the member or surviving beneficiary;
(2) a separate account for the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs' contribution to fund the system based on the actuarial requirements of the system as established by the commissioner of administration under this chapter;
(3) an expense account for the system; this account is charged with all disbursements representing administrative expenses incurred by the system; expenditures from this account are included in the governor's budget for each fiscal year.
(c) The Alaska State Pension Investment Board is the fiduciary of the fund and has the same powers and duties under this section in regard to the fund as are provided under AS 14.25.180 .
(a) Buildings and sites for armory purposes may be leased or constructed, based upon location and size of units to be organized, and shall be financed through state and federal appropriations or both. These facilities may be made available by local communities or by the cooperative arrangement between the state and the federal government and any local community. Leasing and construction under this subsection are governed by AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code).
(b) The armory of each battalion, company, or other unit is subject to the order of the adjutant general and under the charge of its armory board which shall keep in the armory all property furnished by the state. Except for scout battalions organized under special authority of the Secretary of the Army, a unit may not be furnished with arms or equipment until a suitable armory is provided for their deposit. Subject to regulations adopted by the adjutant general, an armory may be used for any reasonable and legitimate civilian activity so long as the activity does not interfere with its use for military purposes. Proceeds received as rental or otherwise at an armory from nonmilitary use shall be deposited in the general fund.
(c) The adjutant general shall administer all target ranges belonging to or leased by the state for National Guard purposes. Gallery ranges may be maintained at all armories occupied by state troops and every command shall be given suitable instruction in marksmanship under direction of its commander, and regulations as authorized by the adjutant general.
(a) In no case may any part of the Alaska National Guard, Alaska Naval Militia, or the Alaska State Defense Force be used against any labor organization or for the purpose of strike breaking within the state.
(b) No part of the state military forces may leave the state with arms and equipment without the consent of the commander in chief.
(c) A person who, either alone or with another, wilfully deprives a member of the National Guard or Naval Militia of employment or prevents the member from being self-employed or employed by another or obstructs or annoys the member or the member's employer with respect to their trade, business, or employment because the member of the National Guard or Naval Militia is a member, or in any way dissuades any person from enlisting in the National Guard or Naval Militia by threat or injury to the person with respect to the person's employment, trade or business if the person so enlists, is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction is punishable by a fine of not more than $100.
(d) All matters relating to the organization, discipline and government of the National Guard or Naval Militia, not otherwise provided for by the laws of the United States, this chapter, or regulations adopted by the president shall be governed by regulations adopted by the adjutant general and approved by the governor, and the regulations when adopted, have the same force and effect as though enacted in this chapter.
(a) The adjutant general of the state is appointed by the governor. The governor shall prescribe the grade of the adjutant general, which may not exceed major general. To be eligible for appointment as adjutant general, a person must be a citizen of the state. The adjutant general shall make returns and reports to the Chief, National Guard Bureau, and to the governor or to the officers designated by the Chief, National Guard Bureau, and the governor, at the times and in the form prescribed.
(b) The adjutant general shall execute a bond running to the state in the penal sum of $20,000 conditioned upon the faithful performance of the adjutant general's duties. The attorney general shall approve the bond and the bond shall be filed with the Department of Administration. The state shall pay the cost of the bond.
(c) The adjutant general is the official liaison between the state and the active military in the state. The adjutant general shall provide advice and assistance to state agencies having dealings with the active military in the state.
(d) The adjutant general is the official liaison between the state and the federal Department of Veterans Affairs. The adjutant general shall provide advice and assistance to state agencies having dealings with the federal Department of Veterans Affairs.
(e) The adjutant general is the official liaison between the state and the Federal Emergency Management Agency in the state. The adjutant general shall provide advice and assistance to state agencies having dealings with the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
(a) The Alaska National Guard consists of
(1) members of the militia who have voluntarily enlisted and who, upon original enlistment, are organized, armed, equipped, and federally recognized according to the laws of the United States; and
(2) commissioned officers and warrant officers who are citizens of the United States, having the qualifications prescribed by federal law and regulations, and who are appointed and commissioned or warranted by the governor.
(b) Former members of the regular Army, Navy or Marine Corps under 64 years of age may enlist in the Alaska Militia.
(c) The Alaska Naval Militia consists of units authorized by the governor, organized, equipped, trained, and administered as prescribed by state and federal law and regulation, and manned by personnel who are
(1) members of the United States Naval Reserve or the United States Marine Corps Reserve and
(2) enlisted, appointed, commissioned, or warranted under the laws and regulations of the United States.
(d) The Alaska State Defense Force consists of units authorized by the governor and manned by volunteer personnel qualifying under state law and regulation. All Alaska State Defense Force personnel shall be
(1) appointed, commissioned, or warranted, and assigned by the governor or the adjutant general as the governor's designee;
(2) subject to serve on state active duty at the call and by order of the governor.
(e) [Repealed, Sec. 102 ch 127 SLA 1974].
(a) Subject to legislative appropriation and (c) of this section, an enlisted member of the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia who extends or reenlists within 30 days after completing a term of service is entitled to a bonus if
(1) the extension or reenlistment is for the maximum authorized term;
(2) at the time of the extension or reenlistment the member has not less than three years of service creditable for retirement purposes; and
(3) on completion of the term for which the member extends or reenlists, the member will have not more than 12 years of service creditable for retirement purposes.
(b) The bonus is $500 for each year of extension or reenlistment, but may not exceed a total of $3,000 for a member's entire service. The bonus is payable at the satisfactory completion of each year of extension or reenlistment. A pro rata share of the bonus shall be paid to an enlisted member of the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia for that portion of a year satisfactorily served before
(1) becoming ineligible because of full-time employment with the National Guard or the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs, as described in (c) of this section;
(2) dying or being disabled, if the member's death or disability was not caused by the member's own misconduct; or
(3) being discharged from enlisted status to accept a warrant or commission as an officer in the National Guard.
(c) An enlisted member of the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia is not eligible for the reenlistment bonus provided in (a) of this section if the enlisted member is a full-time employee of the
(1) National Guard as a technician under 32 U.S.C. 709;
(2) National Guard as an active guard reserve employee under 32 U.S.C. 502(f); or
(3) Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs whose salary is paid by the state and if the department requires that the employee belong to the Alaska National Guard or the Alaska Naval Militia in order to hold the position.
(1) 'beneficiary' means a person designated by a member in a writing filed with the system by the member while alive to receive benefits that may be due from the system upon the death of the member;
(2) 'member' means a commissioned or warrant officer or an enlisted person in the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia;
(3) 'qualified domestic relations order' means a divorce or dissolution judgment under AS 25.24, including an order approving a property settlement, that
(A) creates or recognizes the existence of an alternate payee's right to, or assigns to an alternate payee the right to, receive all or a portion of the benefits payable with respect to a member;
(B) sets out the name and last known mailing address, if any, of the member and of each alternate payee covered by the order;
(C) sets out the amount or percentage of the member's benefit, or of any survivor's benefit, to be paid to the alternate payee, or sets out the manner in which that amount or percentage is to be determined;
(D) sets out the number of payments or period to which the order applies;
(E) does not require any type or form of benefit or any option not otherwise provided by AS 26.05.222 - 26.05.228;
(F) does not require an increase of benefits in excess of the amount provided by AS 26.05.222 - 26.05.228, determined on the basis of actuarial value; and
(G) does not require the payment, to an alternate payee, of benefits that are required to be paid to another alternate payee under another order previously determined to be a qualified domestic relations order;
(4) 'system' means the Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia retirement system.
(a) The expense incident to and connected with the holding of military courts in this state under this chapter shall be paid out of the state general fund under orders and regulations issued or adopted by the adjutant general with the approval of the governor.
(b) Whenever the sentence of a general court-martial includes a fine, and the sentence is approved by proper authority, the adjutant general shall issue an execution warrant for the collection of the fine directed to any peace officer of the judicial district in which the person against whom the fine is imposed resides. The officer shall proceed in the same manner as if authorized in a civil suit, and the officer shall make return to the adjutant general within 20 days after receiving the execution warrant. In default of the payment of the fine, or if the officer carrying out the execution certifies that there is no property of the defendant out of which to satisfy the fine, the adjutant general shall issue a commitment for placement of the delinquent in a specified guardhouse or jail. The warrant of commitment for the default shall specify the amount in dollars of the fine or unpaid balance of it and the delinquent shall remain in the custody of the keeper or warden of the guardhouse or jail one day for each $5 of the unpaid sum.
(c) Whenever the sentence of a general court-martial includes imprisonment in a jail or guardhouse, and the sentence is approved by proper authority, the adjutant general shall issue an appropriate commitment, directed to the authority in charge of the jail or guardhouse charged with carrying out the sentence and the authority shall make return of the commitment to the adjutant general. If the sentence includes imprisonment in a military guardhouse, the sentence shall be executed by order of or arrangement made by the officer approving the sentence.
(d) All fines levied and collected under this section shall be paid to the Department of Revenue for deposit in the state general fund.
(e) For each day of duty as a member of a general court-martial, or as a witness under summons from the president or judge advocate of the court, officers and enlisted persons shall be paid as provided in AS 26.05.260(b) and (c).
(f) The presiding officer, or recorder of a military board appointed to conduct an investigation or survey, or an officer detailed for that purpose may administer oaths to any witness attending to testify in the investigation.
(g) All expenses incident to conduct of military boards shall be paid for upon proper vouchers drawn against the state general fund.
(h) If a member of the National Guard or Naval Militia is prosecuted by civil or criminal action for an act the member performed or committed or an act the member caused, ordered or directed to be done or performed in furtherance of and while in the performance of the member's military duty, the expenses of the defense of the action, civil or criminal, including attorney fees, witness fees for the defense, defendant's court costs and all costs for transcripts of records and abstracts on appeal by the defense, shall be paid out of the state general fund.
(a) An employer shall grant to an employee who is a member of the organized militia a leave of absence to perform active state service under AS 26.05.070 .
(b) When an employee is released from a period of active state service under AS 26.05.070 or discharged from hospitalization that arose from active state service, the employee is entitled to return to the employee's former position, or a comparable position, at the pay, seniority, and benefit level the employee would have had if the employee had not been absent as a result of active state service. An employee, other than an employee who has been hospitalized, shall report for work at the beginning of the workday following the last calendar day necessary to travel from the site of active state service to the employee's work site. An employee who has been hospitalized shall report for work at the beginning of the workday following the last calendar day necessary to travel from the hospital or place of recuperation to the employee's work site. If the employee fails to return to work at that time, the employer may impose whatever discipline is provided by the employer's rules of conduct for unexcused absence from work.
(c) If an employee is not qualified to perform the duties of the employee's position as a result of permanent disability sustained because of the employee's active state service but is qualified to perform the duties of another position with the employer, the employer shall offer an employee who requests reemployment the available, vacant position that most closely approximates the pay and benefits of the employee's previous position and that the employee is qualified for and capable of performing. An employee loses the right to reemployment under this subsection unless the employee requests reemployment within 30 days after receiving a statement from the employee's treating physician indicating both that the employee has reached maximum recovery and that the employee is released to return to full-time work.
(d) For employees other than state employees, the Department of Labor and Workforce Development shall enforce this section by appropriate regulations. For state employees, the division of personnel in the Department of Administration shall enforce this section. Regulations adopted under this section may provide for orders of reinstatement and back pay if appropriate. For employees other than state employees, contested cases arising under this section are to be handled under AS 44.62.330 - 44.62.630. Appeals involving state employees must be made to the personnel board under the procedure set out in the state's personnel rules for grievances.
(e) Notwithstanding (f) of this section, a person aggrieved under this section may bring an action in superior court no sooner than 30 days after giving notice to the Department of Labor and Workforce Development, or, in the case of a state employee, to the director of the division of personnel. The action must be brought within two years after the claim arose.
(f) A collective bargaining agreement entered into in the state after September 2, 1990 may not contain provisions contrary to this subsection.
(g) This section does not affect AS 39.20.340 or 39.20.350 governing paid leave and reinstatement of state and local employees for certain military activities.
(a) An active member of the Alaska National Guard, or a former member who was an active member on or after January 1, 1969, or a member of the Alaska Naval Militia on or after July 1, 1980, is eligible for a retirement pension
(1) upon voluntary retirement from the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia after a total of 20 years or more of satisfactory service in the Alaska National Guard, Alaska Naval Militia, or the armed forces of the United States, and the reserves of them, or any combination of service in these components if at least five years of the service is in the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia; or
(2) upon involuntary separation because of federal standards imposed on the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia, regardless of length of service, unless the separation occurs as a result of the member's own misconduct, misrepresentation, or unwillingness to satisfy established standards for continued participation.
(b) The retirement pension is $100 a month, payable for the same number of months that the member participated satisfactorily in the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia. The member may instead elect to receive the retirement pension
(1) in a lump sum that is actuarially determined to be equal to the value, at the time of retirement, of the entire pension due; or
(2) in a monthly amount that will result in payment by the member's 72nd birthday of an amount that is determined to be the actuarial equivalent of the entire pension due at the time of retirement.
(c) An eligible member or former member may elect to receive the retirement pension beginning on the first day of the month in which the member or former member becomes eligible for retirement, or the member or former member may elect to defer payment to a later date. Payment of a deferred retirement benefit may not begin until application for the benefit is filed with and approved by the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs. Deferred retirement payments shall be made monthly at the rate of $100, unless the member elects another form of payment under (b) of this section.
(d) Upon the death of an active member who has at least five years service in the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia or a combination of these components, the member's designated beneficiary is entitled to a lump sum benefit calculated in accordance with (b) of this section. Upon the death of a former member who has at least 20 years service, the former member's designated beneficiary is entitled to a lump sum benefit calculated in accordance with (b) of this section less any retirement benefits previously paid. Except as provided in (e) of this section, a member may change or revoke the designation of a beneficiary without notice to the beneficiary at any time. If a member designates more than one beneficiary, each shares equally unless the member specifies a different allocation. The member shall make a designation of a beneficiary or a change or revocation of a beneficiary on a form provided by the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs. It is not effective until filed with the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs. If a member fails to designate a beneficiary or if no designated beneficiary survives the member, the department, except to the extent provided otherwise in a qualified domestic relations order, shall pay the death benefit under this subsection to the
(1) surviving spouse; or, if there is none surviving,
(2) surviving children in equal parts; or, if there is none surviving,
(3) surviving parents in equal parts; or, if there is none surviving,
(4) member's estate.
(e) Notwithstanding any previous designation of beneficiary, the spouse of a member at the time of the member's death automatically becomes the designated beneficiary if the spouse was married to the member during part of the member's service under this chapter
(1) except to the extent a qualified domestic relations order provides for payment to a former spouse or other dependent of the member; or
(2) unless the member files with the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs a revocation of beneficiary and a written consent to the revocation signed by the present spouse and each person entitled to benefits under the order on forms provided by the department; however, consent of the present spouse is not required if the member and the present spouse had been married for less than two years on the date of the member's death and if the member established when filing the revocation that the member and the spouse were not cohabiting.
(f) A person claiming entitlement to any benefits payable under this section shall provide the department with a marriage certificate, divorce or dissolution decree, or other evidence of entitlement. Documents showing entitlement may be filed with the department immediately after a change in the member's marital status. If the department does not receive notification of a claim before the date 10 days after the member's death, the person claiming entitlement to the benefits is not entitled to receive from the Department of Administration or Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs any benefit already paid under this section.
(g) Except as provided in this subsection or AS 29.45.030 (a)(1), amounts held in the system on behalf of a member or other person who is or may become eligible for benefits under the system are exempt from Alaska state and municipal taxes and are not subject to anticipation, alienation, sale, transfer, assignment, pledge, encumbrance, or charge of any kind, either voluntary or involuntary, before they are received by the person entitled to the amount under the terms of the system, and any attempt to anticipate, alienate, sell, transfer, assign, pledge, encumber, charge, or otherwise dispose of any right to amounts accrued in the system is void. However,
(1) a member's right to receive benefits or the member contribution account may be assigned
(A) under a qualified domestic relations order; or
(B) to a trust or similar legal device that meets the requirements for a Medicaid-qualifying trust under AS 47.07.020 (f) and 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4);
(2) a member may elect to have the taxable portion of the qualifying distributions transferred directly to another plan or individual retirement arrangement qualified under the federal Internal Revenue Code.
(h) Amounts held in the system and benefits payable under this section are exempt from garnishment, execution, or levy as provided in AS 09.38 (Alaska Exemptions Act).
(a) The adjutant general is charged with all disbursements of pay and allowances for service of the troops.
(b) Members of the Alaska National Guard and Alaska Naval Militia are entitled to receive, for each day of active service under AS 26.05.070 , pay equal to 200 percent of the minimum daily basic pay provided by federal laws and regulations for members of equivalent grades of the United States armed forces. However, a member may not receive less than $105 per day for active service performed during the fiscal year ending June 30, 2000. For fiscal years beginning after June 30, 2000, the minimum payment of $105 shall be increased one percent for each percent increase in the consumer price index for Anchorage, Alaska, as determined by the United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, not to exceed an annual increase of four percent. The increase, if any, takes effect not more than 30 days after the release of the consumer price index. The consumer price index that is published immediately after July 1, 1999, is the reference base index.
(c) [Repealed, Sec. 8 ch 56 SLA 1981].
(d) A member of the organized militia who, while performing duties under AS 26.05.070 , including transit to and from the member's home of record, suffers an injury or disability in the line of duty is entitled to all compensation and benefits available under AS 23.30 (Alaska Workers' Compensation Act). For a member of the Alaska State Defense Force, compensation and benefits under this subsection are provided as though the member were a state employee. A member of the organized militia who has not been ordered into active state service by the governor under AS 26.05.070 is not entitled to compensation and benefits under AS 23.30 (Alaska Workers' Compensation Act).
(e) If a member of the organized militia dies as a result of an injury or disability suffered in the line of duty while performing duties under AS 26.05.070 , including transit to and from the member's home of record, death benefits shall be paid to the persons in the amounts specified in AS 23.30.215 . For a member of the Alaska State Defense Force, the death benefits under this subsection are provided as though the member were a state employee. A person is not entitled to death benefits as specified in AS 23.30.215 for a member of the organized militia who dies as a result of an injury or disability suffered in the line of duty but who had not been ordered into active state service by the governor under AS 26.05.070 .
(f) [Repealed, Sec. 8 ch 56 SLA 1981].
(g) [Repealed, Sec. 8 ch 56 SLA 1981].
(h) For purposes of computation of benefits under AS 23.30, the earnings of a member of the
(1) Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia are presumed to be no less than 200 percent of the minimum daily basic pay authorized for a member of the regular armed forces of the United States in the same grade or rank as the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia member at the time of the injury or death;
(2) Alaska State Defense Force are presumed to be equal to the pay and allowances authorized by (j) of this section for the duties being performed by the member while on active state service at the time of the injury or death; if the member of the Alaska State Defense Force did not receive pay or allowances authorized under (j) of this section, the earnings of the member are presumed to be no less than 200 percent of the minimum daily basic pay authorized for a member of the regular armed forces of the United States in the same grade or rank as the Alaska State Defense Force member at the time of the injury or death.
(i) When active state service is authorized by the governor or by the adjutant general as the governor's designee, members of the Alaska State Defense Force are entitled to receive, for each day of active service under AS 26.05.070 , pay and allowances as provided in this subsection. Pay is equal to that provided under AS 39.27.011 - 39.27.020 for equivalent assignments of state officials or employees, including adjustments under AS 39.27.025 , if applicable. Allowances shall be paid to the same extent, in the same manner, and under the same conditions as provided for state officials and employees under AS 39.20.110 - 39.20.170. However, pay or allowances are not authorized for training or community service activities of members of the Alaska State Defense Force.
(j) Members of the Alaska State Defense Force are entitled to pay and other benefits only as provided in this section. Members of the Alaska State Defense Force are not state employees. However, compensation and benefits under AS 23.30 provided for in (d), (e), and (h) of this section for members of the Alaska State Defense Force are provided as though the member were a state employee. Nothing in this section entitles a member of the Alaska State Defense Force to retirement benefits.
(k) In this section, 'member' means an active commissioned or warrant officer or enlisted man or woman in the Alaska National Guard or Alaska Naval Militia, or a volunteer serving in the active service of the Alaska State Defense Force.