A person who presents satisfactory proof of ownership or right to possession may redeem a vehicle removed under this chapter at any time before an auction under AS 28.11.070 (a) by paying the charges of towing, storage, notice, other cost of impoundment, and any applicable penalty imposed by law.
A person authorized by contract or other official order to remove an abandoned vehicle has a lien upon a vehicle towed, moved, or stored by and in the possession of the person in accordance with AS 28.10.502 .
Title to an impounded vehicle not reclaimed by the registered owner, a lienholder, or other person entitled to possession of the vehicle within 15 days from the notice given under AS 28.11.040 vests with the state or, if a municipal ordinance is adopted under AS 28.11.100 , with the municipality, as appropriate. However, nothing in this section prohibits a lien under AS 28.11.090 .
(a) There is created in the department an abandoned motor vehicle fund, to be composed of appropriations by the legislature and proceeds from the sale of abandoned motor vehicles.
(b) The proceeds from the sale of an abandoned motor vehicle under this chapter, after deducting the cost of impounding, advertising, and selling the vehicle, shall be deposited in the fund set out in (a) of this section.
(c) Money in the fund shall be disbursed to the department and to each of the municipalities bound by the provisions of this chapter upon presentation of a voucher for payment of services rendered in compliance with this chapter.
(a) The department may negotiate with an appropriate state or municipal agency in an effort to designate and acquire land for the temporary storage of vehicles before sale under AS 28.11.070 , or for the final disposal of unsold abandoned vehicles.
(b) A municipality that adopts an ordinance under AS 28.11.100 shall designate appropriate areas within its jurisdiction for the disposal of abandoned vehicles.
The person or company who stores an abandoned vehicle at the direction of a peace officer or an employee under AS 28.11.030 shall within 30 days give notice, in the manner prescribed for the giving of notice by the department under AS 28.05.121 , to the vehicle owner of record and to lienholders of record, stating the grounds for removal and the location of the place of impoundment of the vehicle. If the vehicle is not registered in the state or the name and address of the registered or legal owner or lienholder cannot be ascertained, notice shall be given by publication in the manner prescribed in the rules of the court for service of process by publication.
(a) A peace officer or an employee authorized by the state or a municipality may remove or have removed to a place for storage a vehicle abandoned on a highway, on a vehicular way or area, or on private property.
(b) Removal of an abandoned vehicle from private property shall be upon the written request of the owner or person in lawful possession or control of the property, and on a form prescribed by the department.
(c) A written report of the removal shall be made by the peace officer or employee who removes or has removed a vehicle under this section, and the report shall be sent immediately to the department and a copy of the report shall be given to the person who stores the property. The report must describe the vehicle, the date, time, and place of removal, the grounds for removal, and the place of impoundment of the vehicle.
A municipality may adopt an ordinance establishing procedures for the abatement and removal from private or public property, as a public nuisance or a health or safety hazard, a wrecked, dismantled, or inoperative vehicle or a vehicle otherwise presumed to be abandoned. An ordinance adopted under this section must contain provisions for (1) notice to owners and lienholders of record and persons known to be lawfully entitled to possession of the vehicles, of their right to a hearing which shall be conducted by the municipality in the manner provided for by municipal ordinance; (2) notice to owners and lienholders as provided in AS 28.11.040 ; and (3) disposal of abandoned vehicles as provided in AS 28.11.070 .
(a) Upon satisfaction of the notice and reporting requirements prescribed in this chapter, a vehicle may be disposed of by removal to a scrap processing yard or auto wrecker for disposal or by public auction 20 days after notice of the auction is published in a newspaper of general circulation in the area or municipality in which the vehicle was found and presumed abandoned. The notice of auction must describe the vehicle and specify the place, date, and time at which it will be sold. A copy of the notice of auction shall be conveyed to the department.
(b) A vehicle disposed of under this section by public auction must be titled under AS 28.10, and may not be subsequently sold without a certificate of title issued by the department.
(c) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a person who disposes of an abandoned vehicle under this section may initiate a civil action against a person named in AS 28.11.010 , if liable, for costs exceeding receipts for the disposal of the vehicle.
(a) A person may not abandon a vehicle upon a highway or vehicular way or area.
(b) A person may not abandon a vehicle upon public property or upon private property without the consent of the owner or person in lawful possession or control of the property.
(c) A person who abandons a vehicle in a place specified in (a) or (b) of this section is considered responsible for the abandonment of the vehicle and is liable for the cost of its removal and disposition.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in (b) of this section, the lawful owner of a vehicle, as shown by the records of the department, whether or not the owner has complied with the provisions of AS 28.10.271 , is considered responsible for the abandonment of the vehicle and is liable for the cost of removal and disposition of the abandoned vehicle unless
(1) the vehicle was abandoned by a person driving the vehicle without the permission of the owner; or
(2) the identity of the person abandoning the vehicle is established and the abandonment was without the consent of the owner.
(a) In addition to removal of an abandoned vehicle under AS 28.11.020 , a vehicle that is left standing or parked on private property without the consent of the private property owner and for a period of six months is presumed to be an abandoned vehicle and title to the vehicle may be transferred to the private property owner as provided under this section. A person who claims ownership of an abandoned vehicle under this section shall provide notice of the claim to the vehicle owner of record and to lienholders in the manner prescribed for giving notice by the department under AS 28.05.121 . The notice must state the location of the vehicle and the period of abandonment. If the vehicle is not registered in this state or the name and address of the registered or legal owner or lienholder cannot be ascertained, notice shall be given by publication in the manner prescribed in the rules of the court for service of process by publication.
(b) If an abandoned vehicle is not reclaimed within 30 days after notice is given as required under (a) of this section, the title to the vehicle vests with the owner of the private property on which the vehicle is located. Upon application, the department shall issue a new certificate of title to a vehicle whose ownership is transferred under this section.
(c) In this section, 'vehicle' means a
(1) passenger car, motor home, bus, truck, truck-tractor, motorcycle, motorbike, or similar motor vehicle that is designed for use primarily to transport a person or to transport or draw property on a highway or vehicular way; and
(2) snowmobile, three-wheeler, four-wheeler, or a similar off-highway motor vehicle designed or adapted for cross-country operation over unimproved terrain, ice, or snow and that has been declared by its owner at the time of registration and determined by the Department of Public Safety to be unsuitable for general highway use, although the vehicle may make incidental use of a highway as provided in this title, but not including implements of husbandry or special mobile equipment, such as construction machinery or earthmoving equipment.
(a) A vehicle registered or titled as required under AS 28.10 that reasonably appears to have been left unattended, standing, parked upon or within 10 feet of the traveled portion of a highway or vehicular way or area in excess of 48 hours, or a vehicle registered or titled as required under AS 28.10 that reasonably appears to have been left standing or parked on private property in excess of 24 hours or upon other public property for more than 30 days, without the consent of the owner or person in charge of the property, notwithstanding other statutory provisions, may be removed under AS 28.11.030 and treated as an abandoned vehicle, unless the vehicle is reclaimed and removed before removal occurs under AS 28.11.030 . The department for good cause may make provisions for parking of vehicles on state property other than specified in this section and under the provisions of AS 44.62.
(b) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, a wrecked or junk vehicle that reasonably appears to have been left unattended, standing, parked upon or within 10 feet of the traveled portion of a highway or vehicular way or area in excess of 24 hours, or a wrecked or junk vehicle that reasonably appears to have been left standing or parked on private property or other public property in excess of 24 hours and without the consent of the owner or person in charge of the property, may be removed under AS 28.11.030 and treated as an abandoned vehicle, unless the vehicle is reclaimed and removed before removal occurs under AS 28.11.030 .
(c) In this section,
(1) 'junk vehicle' means a vehicle that
(A) is not currently registered under AS 28.10, except for a vehicle not currently registered under AS 28.10 and used exclusively for competitive racing;
(B) is stripped, wrecked, or otherwise inoperable due to mechanical failure;
(C) has not been repaired because of mechanical difficulties or because the cost of repairs required to make it operable exceeds the fair market value of the vehicle; or
(D) is in a condition that exhibits more than one of the following elements:
(i) broken glass;
(ii) missing wheels or tires;
(iii) missing body panels or parts; or
(iv) missing drive train parts.
(2) 'wrecked vehicle' means a vehicle that is disabled and cannot be used as a vehicle without substantial repair or reconstruction.