The principal executive officer of the Department of Law is the attorney general.
The Department of Law may operate state housing in support of its statutory responsibilities and charge rent consistent with applicable collective bargaining agreements, or, if no collective bargaining agreement is applicable, competitive with market conditions.
If the Department of Law maintains a victim/witness assistance program, subject to sufficient appropriations for the purpose, the services of that program shall be extended to victims of criminal offenses committed by persons under 18 years of age so that victims of these offenses may exercise the rights provided to them by law.
If a matter in which the state is interested is pending in a court distant from the capital, and it is necessary for the state to be represented by counsel, the attorney general, with the approval of the governor, may engage one or more attorneys to appear for the attorney general. The attorney general may pay for these services out of appropriations for the attorney general's office.
The Department of Law shall, not less than 30 days before the beginning of each regular session of the legislature, present to the governor a report of its activities under AS 44.23.030 , together with recommendations that it considers proper. The governor shall notify the legislature when it convenes that the report is available.
(a) The Department of Law shall examine, collect, and arrange data as to prevailing laws in the United States and other countries on marriage, divorce, insolvency, wills, executors and administrators, probate practice, taxation, commercial law, civil and criminal practice in the courts, elections, insurance, real property, all phases of corporation law, forms of notarial certificates, vital statistics, attachments, banking, partnership, and other subjects where uniformity is considered important. It shall investigate the best means to assimilate and make uniform the laws of the several states, territories, and districts of the United States, and shall investigate and report upon these matters whenever the governor or the legislature refers them to it for investigation or action.
(b) At least one member of the Department of Law shall attend each meeting of the National Conference on Uniform State Laws.
(a) The attorney general is the legal advisor of the governor and other state officers.
(b) The attorney general shall
(1) defend the Constitution of the State of Alaska and the Constitution of the United States of America;
(2) bring, prosecute, and defend all necessary and proper actions in the name of the state for the collection of revenue;
(3) represent the state in all civil actions in which the state is a party;
(4) prosecute all cases involving violation of state law, and file informations and prosecute all offenses against the revenue laws and other state laws where there is no other provision for their prosecution;
(5) administer state legal services, including the furnishing of written legal opinions to the governor, the legislature, and all state officers and departments as the governor directs; and give legal advice on a law, proposed law, or proposed legislative measure upon request by the legislature or a member of the legislature;
(6) draft legal instruments for the state;
(7) make available a report to the legislature, through the governor, at each regular legislative session
(A) of the work and expenditures of the office; and
(B) on needed legislation or amendments to existing law;
(8) perform all other duties required by law or which usually pertain to the office of attorney general in a state; and
(9) prepare, publish, and revise as it becomes useful or necessary to do so an information pamphlet on landlord and tenant rights and the means of making complaints to appropriate public agencies concerning landlord and tenant rights; the contents of the pamphlet and any revision shall be approved by the Department of Law before publication.
(c) Before January 1, 1999, the attorney general may, in a case that involves the state's title to submerged lands, or in any case in which the state seeks to allocate fault to the federal government or a federal employee under AS 09.17.080 , waive the state's immunity from suit in federal court provided under the Eleventh Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. The expiration on January 1, 1999, of the attorney general's authority to waive the state's Eleventh Amendment immunity does not affect existing waivers in ongoing cases.
(d) The attorney general may, subject to the power of the legislature to enact laws and make appropriations, settle actions, cases, and offenses under (b) of this section.
(e) There is established within the Department of Law the function of public advocacy for regulatory affairs. The attorney general shall participate as a party in a matter that comes before the Regulatory Commission of Alaska when the attorney general determines that participation is in the public interest.
(a) In a hearing or proceeding in which the attorney general appears before a board, court, commission, committee, or officer of the United States involving traffic and commerce or rates of transportation between points in intrastate or interstate transportation, the attorney general may
(1) demand from a person engaged in the transportation business between those points, that information which is
(A) pertinent at the hearing or proceeding; or
(B) necessary to prepare for the defense of the interests of the people of the state at the hearing or proceeding; and
(2) may require by notice in writing that the person furnish for inspection, within a reasonable time, books or other records in the possession of the person showing
(A) the amount of freight and passenger traffic to and from or in the state;
(B) the rates charged on each class of freight or passenger;
(C) the carriage expense;
(D) other expense in aggregate and detail including overhead charges;
(E) the bonded and other indebtedness and interest charges;
(F) the gross capital invested and how invested;
(G) amounts charged off for depreciation;
(H) the gross and net income; and
(I) other data, either in detail or the aggregate, necessary or pertinent in the hearing or proceeding.
(b) If the person does not furnish the data, information, books, or records for inspection by the attorney general within a reasonable time, upon a written demand by the attorney general that specifically sets out the information required, and the reason and need for its use in the hearing or proceeding, the attorney general may present to the judge of a state court a petition in the name of the state for the furnishing of the data, information, books, or records for inspection. The petition must set out the nature of the hearing or proceeding for which the information is required, the necessity or materiality of it, and other facts that are pertinent to showing the court the importance of obtaining the information.
(c) If the court is satisfied that the petition is made in good faith to obtain information necessary or important to the state or its people at the hearing or proceeding designated and that the information can or ought to be supplied to the state, the court shall issue an order directing the person to appear before the court on a certain day and hour to show cause why an order should not issue directing the furnishing of the data, records, or books or part of them as the court considers proper. The order shall be served on the person as other process of the court.
(d) At the time set in the order, or at another time set by the court, the court shall hear and determine the issues formed by the petition and the answer to it, if filed, and shall determine whether
(1) the information or data mentioned in the petition is necessary or important to the state in the hearing in which it is proposed to be used;
(2) it can be obtained; and
(3) the person should produce it or a part of it for the purpose designated.
(e) If the court finds that the information or data is important to the petitioner in preparing for the trial or is necessary or important at the hearing and that it should be furnished the attorney general for preparation for use in or production at the hearing, the court shall enter an order setting out the time within which the information or data shall be furnished or produced for inspection and whether in whole or in part and what part.
(f) If the person does not furnish the attorney general with the information for inspection in the manner and within the time set out in the order, the person is guilty of contempt and is punishable by a fine of not more than $5,000. The fine shall be paid to the state treasury.