It is the public policy of the state to cooperate and coordinate with the United States government and its agencies in providing for and administering federal and state laws for adult public assistance and the other assistance that is provided for or extended to the people of the state.
In order to take advantage of the training grants provisions of 42 U.S.C. 301 - 1397f (Social Security Act), as amended, the state, through the department, consents and agrees to all conditions required by federal statute and regulation necessary for the state to participate fully in the training grants or other programs.
A legislator to whom confidential information is disclosed under AS 47.05.020 - 47.05.030 is not subject to a penalty for further disclosure of the information unless, at the time the information was provided to the legislator, the legislator was given written notification that the material was confidential.
Upon the filing of a complaint, information, presentment, or indictment charging a medical assistance provider with a crime under AS 47.05.210 , the attorney general shall, in writing, notify the commissioner of the filing. Upon receiving notice from the attorney general under this section, the commissioner shall immediately undertake a review of all unpaid claims or requests for reimbursements attributable to services claimed to have been provided by the person charged.
By the 15th day of each month, the Department of Health and Social Services shall provide a report summarizing child protection activities carried out during the previous calendar month and the status of children committed to the department's custody, including information on the number and type of reports of child abuse and neglect received, the outcome of investigations completed, the number of placements of children committed to the department's custody, and the number of foster homes licensed. The report shall be made accessible to the public through the Internet.
Article 02. OVERSIGHT OF MEDICAL CARE PROGRAMS
(a) The Department of Health and Social Services may, on behalf of the state, enter into the Interstate Compact on Adoption and Medical Assistance and supplementary agreements with agencies of other states for the provision of adoption and medical assistance under AS 47.07 and other provisions of this title for eligible children with special needs.
(b) In this section, 'state' includes a state, territory, possession, or commonwealth of the United States.
The purpose of this title as it relates to children is to secure for each child the care and guidance, preferably in the child's own home, that will serve the moral, emotional, mental, and physical welfare of the child and the best interests of the community; to preserve and strengthen the child's family ties unless efforts to preserve and strengthen the ties are likely to result in physical or emotional damage to the child, removing the child from the custody of the parents only as a last resort when the child's welfare or safety or the protection of the public cannot be adequately safeguarded without removal; and, when the child is removed from the family, to secure for the child adequate custody and care and adequate planning for permanent placement of the child.
In AS 47.05.210 , whenever it is necessary to determine the value of property, that value shall be determined in accordance with AS 11.46.980. In determining the degree or classification of a crime described under AS 47.05.210 , amounts involved in criminal acts committed under one course of conduct, whether from the same person or several persons, shall be aggregated.
(a) The department may contract with a person or local government for the delivery of services to be provided by the department under AS 47.05.010 if the commissioner determines the service will be provided at less cost to the state or will be provided in a more effective manner.
(b) Services that may be provided by contract under this section include accepting applications for assistance, conducting interviews, making eligibility determinations, and issuing benefits, but do not include adoption of program standards or other matters involving the exercise of agency discretion.
(c) A contract authorized under this section is exempt from the competitive bid requirements of AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code). In awarding a contract under this section the department shall request proposals in accordance with regulations of the Department of Administration under AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code).
(d) This section does not limit the authority provided by law for the department to contract for the delivery of services other than those provided under AS 47.05.010 .
(a) If the department has reason to believe that a certified nurse aide employed in a facility licensed by the department under AS 18.20 has committed abuse, neglect, or misappropriation of property in connection with the person's duties as a certified nurse aide at the facility, the department shall investigate the matter. The department shall conduct proceedings to determine if a finding of abuse, neglect, or misappropriation of property should be made. These proceedings shall be conducted under AS 44.62.330 - 44.62.630. A finding under this subsection that a certified nurse aide has committed abuse, neglect, or misappropriation of property shall be reported by the department to the Board of Nursing.
(b) If the certified nurse aide is employed in a skilled nursing facility or nursing facility, other than an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded, that is participating in the Medicaid or Medicare program, only the state survey and certification agency may make, and report to the Board of Nursing, a finding that a certified nurse aide has committed abuse, neglect, or misappropriation of property in connection with the nurse aide's employment at the facility.
(a) The commissioner may exclude an applicant to or disenroll a medical assistance provider in the medical assistance program in AS 47.07 or AS 47.08, or both, for a period of up to 10 years after unconditional discharge on a conviction
(1) for medical assistance fraud under AS 47.05.210 or misconduct involving a controlled substance under AS 11.71; or
(2) in a court of the United States or a court of another state or territory, for a crime with elements similar to the crimes included under (1) of this subsection.
(b) After a period of exclusion under (a) of this section, an applicant may not participate in a medical assistance program under AS 47.07 or AS 47.08 until the applicant establishes to the commissioner by clear and convincing evidence that the applicant possesses all required licenses and certificates and is qualified to participate.
(a) Benefit overpayments collected by the department in administering programs under AS 47.25.120 - 47.25.300 (general relief), AS 47.25.430 - 47.25.615 (adult public assistance), AS 47.25.975 - 47.25.990 (food stamps), and 47.27 (Alaska temporary assistance program) shall be remitted to the Department of Revenue under AS 37.10.050 (a).
(b) The permanent fund dividend of a former recipient of a public assistance program listed under (a) of this section may be taken under AS 43.23.065 (b)(6) and 43.23.068 to satisfy the balance due on a defaulted overpayment claim.
(a) The commissioner or the commissioner's designee at the director level may issue subpoenas to compel the production of books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, and other records considered necessary as evidence in connection with an investigation under or the administration of AS 47.07 (medical assistance), AS 47.08 (assistance for catastrophic illnesses and acute or chronic medical conditions), AS 47.25 (day care assistance, child care grants, general relief, adult public assistance, and food stamps), and AS 47.27 (Alaska temporary assistance program).
(b) In case of refusal to obey a subpoena issued to any person under (a) of this section, the superior court may, upon application by the department, issue an order requiring the person to appear before the department to produce evidence if ordered. Failure to obey the order of the court is punishable as contempt.
(c) A person who, without just cause, fails or refuses to produce books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, and other records, if it is in the person's power to do so, in obedience to a subpoena of the department or an authorized representative of it, upon conviction, is punishable by a fine of not more than $200, or by imprisonment for not more than 60 days, or by both. Each day the failure or refusal continues is a separate offense.
(a) The department has a lien upon any sum that may be due to the recipient of medical assistance from a third-party payor. The lien is in the amount of the medical assistance paid for medical services under this title, together with reasonable attorney fees and litigation costs incurred in the enforcement of the lien.
(b) A lien against a sum due from a third-party payor for medical services provided to a recipient of medical assistance under this title attaches and is effective upon filing with a recorder's office in any recording district in the state. However, a lien filed under this subsection is not perfected and has no effect unless notice of filing of the lien is served by the department upon the third-party payor, personally or by registered, certified, or insured mail, return receipt requested.
(c) If a recipient of medical assistance under this title settles a claim or obtains an award or judgment arising from the injury or illness for which the medical assistance was received, the amount of the lien to which the department is entitled under (a) of this section shall be reduced by a pro rata share of the attorney fees and litigation costs. Regardless of the manner in which the amount of the attorney fees is derived in the particular case, the pro rata reduction of the lien shall be calculated in accordance with the applicable rules of court governing the award of attorney fees in civil matters.
(d) A perfected lien under this section has priority immediately after a lien perfected by a hospital, nurse, or physician under AS 34.35.450 - 34.35.480.
(a) The power of the department to adopt regulations includes the power to adopt and enforce reasonable regulations governing the custody, use, and preservation of the records, papers, files, and communications of the department. The regulations must provide that financial information concerning an eligibility determination of a person applying for or receiving cash assistance, a diversion payment, or self-sufficiency services under the Alaska temporary assistance program shall be disclosed to a legislator on request of the legislator in connection with official purposes within the scope of the legislator's legislative functions and related to the administration of the program consistent with federal law. When, under the law, names and addresses of recipients of public assistance are furnished to or held by another agency or department of government, the agency or department of government shall adopt regulations necessary to prevent the publication of the lists or their use for purposes not directly connected with the administration of public assistance and legislative functions. A legislator to whom information relating to the Alaska temporary assistance program is disclosed under this section may not further disclose the information except to another legislator and then only in connection with official purposes within each legislator's legislative functions and related to the administration of the program consistent with federal law.
(b) In addition to any access to public assistance records authorized under (a) of this section, the department shall provide a copy of a public assistance record prepared or maintained by or on behalf of the department to the child support services agency created in AS 25.27.010, or the child support enforcement agency of another state, upon the request of the respective agency. If the record is in an electronic data base, the department shall provide the requesting agency with either access to the data base, or a copy of the information in the data base and a statement certifying its contents. The agency receiving the information under this subsection may use the information only for child support purposes authorized under law.
(a) State money may not be used for a home care provider unless criminal history record information as permitted by P.L. 105-277 and AS 12.62 is requested for the provider within 10 business days after the provider is hired to provide the care and is reviewed within five business days after it is received. The department shall require the grantee or contractor to do the information request and review required under this subsection for a home care provider employed by a person who has a grant or contract from the department to provide home care services.
(b) The department shall adopt regulations identifying actions that it will take, in addition to those otherwise required under AS 47.17 and AS 47.24, when a report of harm is made under AS 47.17 or AS 47.24 that might relate to harm caused by actions or inactions of a public home care provider. The regulations must
(1) address circumstances under which the department will, or will require a contractor or grantee to, reassign, suspend, or terminate a person alleged to have perpetrated harm;
(2) include appropriate procedural safeguards to protect the due process rights of public home care providers who may be reassigned, suspended, or terminated under the circumstances described in (1) of this subsection; and
(3) if the home care provider is a certified nurse aide, include procedures under which the department shall notify the Board of Nursing if the nurse aide is suspected of abuse, neglect, or misappropriation of property.
(c) In this section, 'public home care provider' means a person who is paid by the state, or by an entity that has contracted with the state or received a grant from state funds, to provide homemaker services, chore services, personal care services, home health care services, or similar services in or around a client's private residence or to provide respite care in either the client's residence or the caregiver's residence or facility.
(a) Except as provided in (b) of this section and for purposes directly connected with the administration of general assistance, adult public assistance, the day care assistance program authorized under AS 47.25.001 - 47.25.095, or the Alaska temporary assistance program, and in accordance with the regulations of the department, a person may not solicit, disclose, receive, make use of, or authorize, knowingly permit, participate in, or acquiesce in the use of, a list of or names of, or information concerning, persons applying for or receiving the assistance directly or indirectly derived from the records, papers, files, or communications of the department or subdivisions or agencies of the department, or acquired in the course of the performance of official duties.
(b) It is not a violation of (a) of this section for the department or an employee of the department to disclose to a legislator, or for a legislator to solicit, receive, or make use of, financial information concerning an eligibility determination of a person applying for or receiving cash assistance, a diversion payment, or self-sufficiency services under the Alaska temporary assistance program if the disclosure, solicitation, receipt, and use are for official purposes in connection with the legislator's official functions and related to the administration of the program consistent with federal law. Information provided to a legislator under this subsection shall remain confidential and may not be further disclosed except as provided in AS 47.05.020.
(c) It is not a violation of (a) of this section for the department or an employee of the department to disclose information to the child support services agency created in AS 25.27.010 , or the child support enforcement agency of another state, if the receiving agency requests the information only for purposes authorized under AS 47.05.020 .
(a) The department may not pay medical claims that are payable by a third party payor. Medical providers shall attempt collection from the third party payor before billing Medicaid. Before payment by Medicaid, evidence of third-party denial or partial payment shall be presented with the claim.
(b) If the department provides or pays for medical assistance for injury or illness under this title, the department is subrogated to the rights of the recipient of that medical assistance for any claim arising from the injury or illness and to the proceeds of an insurance policy covering the injury or illness to the extent of the value of the medical assistance provided. A recipient of medical assistance or the recipient's attorney must notify the department in writing of any action or claim against a third-party payor if medical assistance was provided by the department to treat an injury or illness for which the third party may be liable. Notwithstanding the assertion of any action or claim by the recipient of medical assistance, the department may bring an action in the superior court against an alleged third-party payor to recover an amount subrogated to the department for medical assistance provided on behalf of a recipient.
(c) If a recipient of medical assistance under this title settles a claim or obtains an award or judgment arising from the injury or illness for which the medical assistance was received, the amount of the claim to which the department is entitled under (b) of this section shall be reduced by a pro rata share of the attorney fees and litigation costs. Regardless of the manner in which the amount of the attorney fees is derived in the particular case, the pro rata reduction of the subrogated claim for reimbursement of attorney fees shall be calculated in accordance with the applicable rules of court governing the award of attorney fees in civil matters.
(d) The department is authorized to enter into contracts for the collection of medical expenses already paid by Medicaid from potential third-party payors. The department may pay, from the funds recovered by the contractor, any amounts owing to the federal government as its share of the Medicaid paid claim, and the costs of collecting the funds.
(e) Notwithstanding (b) of this section, the department may waive the subrogation rights to all or part of the amount of medical assistance paid on behalf of a recipient of medical assistance in cases of undue hardship.
(f) The department may adopt regulations to interpret and implement this section.
Under AS 44.62.245 (a)(2), in adopting or amending a regulation that incorporates a document or other material by reference, the department may incorporate future amended versions of the document or other material if the document or other material is one of the following:
(1) a document that is published, compiled, or prepared by the United States Department of Health and Human Services and is included in the following list:
(A) the international classification of diseases, clinical modifications;
(B) the common procedure coding system;
(C) the specifications for national uniform billing data elements;
(D) the federal poverty guidelines for the state;
(E) the Indian Health Service encounter rates; or
(F) the relative value units used in the Medicare program for determination of fee schedules;
(2) the current procedural terminology for physicians published by the American Medical Association;
(3) the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association;
(4) the length of stay in hospitals by diagnosis and operation for the western region of the United States, published by Solucient;
(5) the relative value guide published by the American Society of Anesthesiologists;
(6) the consumer price index published by the United States Department of Labor;
(7) the health plan employer data and information set published by the National Committee for Quality Assurance;
(8) practice standards adopted by the American Academy of Pediatrics, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, American Diabetes Association, American Cancer Society, American Academy of Family Physicians, American College of Physicians, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, or the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program;
(9) the compendium of animal rabies prevention and control, 2002, published by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;
(10) the control of communicable diseases manual published by the American Public Health Association;
(11) the standards manual and interpretative guidelines for behavioral health, employment and community support services, and for medical rehabilitation published by the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitative Facilities;
(12) consumer assessment of health plans published by the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research; or
(13) resources for optimal care of the injured patient published by the Committee on Trauma, American College of Surgeons.
(a) A person commits the crime of medical assistance fraud if the person
(1) knowingly submits or authorizes the submission of a claim to a medical assistance agency for property, services, or a benefit with reckless disregard that the claimant is not entitled to the property, services, or benefit;
(2) knowingly prepares or assists another person to prepare a claim for submission to a medical assistance agency for property, services, or a benefit with reckless disregard that the claimant is not entitled to the property, services, or benefit;
(3) except as otherwise authorized under the medical assistance program, confers, offers to confer, solicits, agrees to accept, or accepts property, services, or a benefit
(A) to refer a medical assistance recipient to a health care provider; or
(B) for providing health care to a medical assistance recipient if the property, services, or benefit is in addition to payment by a medical assistance agency;
(4) does not produce medical assistance records to a person authorized to request the records;
(5) knowingly makes a false entry in or falsely alters a medical assistance record;
(6) knowingly destroys, mutilates, suppresses, conceals, removes, or otherwise impairs the verity, legibility, or availability of a medical assistance record knowing that the person lacks the authority to do so; or
(7) violates a provision of AS 47.07 or AS 47.08 or a regulation adopted under AS 47.07 or AS 47.08.
(b) Medical assistance fraud under (a)(1), (2), or (3) of this section is
(1) a class B felony if the portion of the claim or claims submitted in violation of (a)(1) or (2) of this section, or the value of the property, services, or benefit that is in violation of (a)(3) of this section, is $25,000 or more;
(2) a class C felony if the portion of the claim or claims submitted in violation of (a)(1) or (2) of this section, or the value of the property, services, or benefit that is in violation of (a)(3) of this section, is $500 or more but less than $25,000;
(3) a class A misdemeanor if the portion of the claim or claims submitted in violation of (a)(1) or (2) of this section, or the value of the property, services, or benefit that is in violation of (a)(3) of this section, is less than $500.
(c) Medical assistance fraud under (a)(4), (5), or (6) of this section is a class A misdemeanor.
(d) Medical assistance fraud under (a)(7) of this section is a class B misdemeanor.
(a) The department shall annually contract for independent audits of a statewide sample of all medical assistance providers in order to identify overpayments and violations of criminal statutes. The audits conducted under this section may not be conducted by the department or employees of the department. The number of audits under this section each year, as a total for the medical assistance programs under AS 47.07 and AS 47.08, shall be 0.75 percent of all enrolled providers under the programs, adjusted annually on July 1, as determined by the department, except that the number of audits under this section may not be less than 75. The audits under this section must include both on-site audits and desk audits and must be of a variety of provider types. The department may not award a contract under this subsection to an organization that does not retain persons with a significant level of expertise and recent professional practice in the general areas of standard accounting principles and financial auditing and in the specific areas of medical records review, investigative research, and Alaska health care criminal law. The contractor, in consultation with the commissioner, shall select the providers to be audited and decide the ratio of desk audits and on-site audits to the total number selected.
(b) Within 90 days after receiving each audit report from an audit conducted under this section, the department shall begin administrative procedures to recoup overpayments identified in the audits and shall allocate the reasonable and necessary financial and human resources to ensure prompt recovery of overpayments unless the attorney general has advised the commissioner in writing that a criminal investigation of an audited provider has been or is about to be undertaken, in which case, the commissioner shall hold the administrative procedure in abeyance until a final charging decision by the attorney general has been made. The commissioner shall provide copies of all audit reports to the attorney general so that the reports can be screened for the purpose of bringing criminal charges.
(c) Each fiscal year, the state's share of recovered overpayments obtained because of the required contract audits under this section shall be deposited with the commissioner of revenue under AS 37.10.050 and separately accounted for by the commissioner of administration under AS 37.05.142 . The legislature may appropriate a portion of the estimated balance in the account to the department to pay for the annual audits described in this section.
(d) As a condition of obtaining payment under AS 47.07 and AS 47.08 and for purposes of this section, a provider shall allow
(1) the department reasonable access to the records of medical assistance recipients and providers; and
(2) audit and inspection of the records by state and federal agencies.
(e) This section does not preclude the department from performing audits that are allowed or required under other laws.
The legislature finds that
(1) parents have the following rights and responsibilities relating to the care and control of their child while the child is a minor:
(A) the responsibility to provide the child with food, clothing, shelter, education, and medical care;
(B) the right and responsibility to protect, nurture, train, and discipline the child, including the right to direct the child's medical care and the right to exercise reasonable corporal discipline;
(C) the right to determine where and with whom the child shall live;
(D) the right and responsibility to make decisions of legal or financial significance concerning the child;
(E) the right to obtain representation for the child in legal actions; and
(F) the responsibility to provide special safeguards and care, including appropriate prenatal and postnatal protection for the child;
(2) it is the policy of the state to strengthen families and to protect children from child abuse and neglect; the state recognizes that, in some cases, protection of a child may require removal of the child from the child's home; however,
(A) except in those cases involving serious risk to a child's health or safety, the Department of Health and Social Services should provide time-limited family support services to the child and the child's family in order to offer parents the opportunity to remedy parental conduct or conditions in the home that placed the child at risk of harm so that a child may return home safely and permanently; and
(B) the state also recognizes that when a child is removed from the home, visitation between the child and the child's parents or guardian and family members reduces the trauma for the child and enhances the likelihood that the child will be able to return home; therefore, whenever a child is removed from the parental home, the Department of Health and Social Services should encourage frequent, regular, and reasonable visitation of the child with the child's parent or guardian and family members;
(3) it is the policy of the state to recognize that, when a child is a ward of the state, the child is entitled to reasonable safety, adequate care, and adequate treatment and that the Department of Health and Social Services as legal custodian and the child's guardian ad litem as guardian of the child's best interests and their agents and assignees, each should make reasonable efforts to ensure that the child is provided with reasonable safety, adequate care, and adequate treatment for the duration of time that the child is a ward of the state;
(4) it is in the best interests of a child who has been removed from the child's own home for the state to apply the following principles in resolving the situation:
(A) the child should be placed in a safe, secure, and stable environment;
(B) the child should not be moved unnecessarily;
(C) a planning process should be followed to lead to permanent placement of the child;
(D) every effort should be made to encourage psychological attachment between the adult caregiver and the child;
(E) frequent, regular, and reasonable visitation with the parent or guardian and family members should be encouraged; and
(F) parents and guardians must actively participate in family support services so as to facilitate the child's being able to remain in the home; when children are removed from the home, the parents and guardians must actively participate in family support services to make return of their children to the home possible;
(5) numerous studies establish that
(A) children undergo a critical attachment process before the time they reach six years of age;
(B) a child who has not attached with an adult caregiver during this critical stage will suffer significant emotional damage that frequently leads to chronic psychological problems and antisocial behavior when the child reaches adolescence and adulthood; and
(C) it is important to provide for an expedited placement procedure to ensure that all children, especially those under the age of six years, who have been removed from their homes are placed in permanent homes expeditiously.
The Department of Health and Social Services shall
(1) administer adult public assistance, the Alaska temporary assistance program, and all other assistance programs, and receive and spend money made available to it;
(2) adopt regulations necessary for the conduct of its business and for carrying out federal and state laws granting adult public assistance, temporary cash assistance, diversion payments, or self-sufficiency services for needy families under the Alaska temporary assistance program, and other assistance;
(3) establish minimum standards for personnel employed by the department and adopt necessary regulations to maintain those standards;
(4) require those bonds and undertakings from persons employed by it which in its judgment are necessary, and pay the premiums on them;
(5) cooperate with the federal government in matters of mutual concern pertaining to adult public assistance, the Alaska temporary assistance program, and other forms of public assistance;
(6) make the reports, in the form and containing the information, that the federal government from time to time requires;
(7) cooperate with the federal government, its agencies or instrumentalities in establishing, extending, and strengthening services for the protection and care of homeless, dependent, and neglected children in danger of becoming delinquent, and receive and expend funds available to the department by the federal government, the state or its political subdivisions for that purpose;
(8) cooperate with the federal government in adopting state plans to make the state eligible for federal matching in appropriate categories of assistance, and in all matters of mutual concern, including adoption of the methods of administration that are found by the federal government to be necessary for the efficient operation of welfare programs;
(9) adopt regulations, not inconsistent with law, defining need, prescribing the conditions of eligibility for assistance, and establishing standards for determining the amount of assistance that an eligible person is entitled to receive; the amount of the assistance is sufficient when, added to all other income and resources available to an individual, it provides the individual with a reasonable subsistence compatible with health and well-being; an individual who meets the requirements for eligibility for assistance shall be granted the assistance promptly upon application for it;
(10) grant to a person claiming or receiving assistance and who is aggrieved because of the department's action or failure to act, reasonable notice and an opportunity for a fair hearing by the department, and the department shall adopt regulations relative to this;
(11) enter into reciprocal agreements with other states relative to public assistance, welfare services, and institutional care that are considered advisable;
(12) establish the requirements of residence for public assistance, welfare services, and institutional care that are considered advisable, subject to the limitations of other laws of the state, or law or regulation imposed as conditions for federal financial participation;
(13) establish the divisions and local offices that are considered necessary or expedient to carry out a duty or authority assigned to it and appoint and employ the assistants and personnel that are necessary to carry on the work of the divisions and offices, and fix the compensation of the assistants or employees except that a person engaged in business as a retail vendor of general merchandise, or a member of the immediate family of a person who is so engaged, may not serve as an acting, temporary or permanent local agent of the department, unless the commissioner of health and social services certifies in writing to the governor, with relation to a particular community, that no other qualified person is available in the community to serve as local welfare agent; for the purposes of this paragraph, a 'member of the immediate family' includes a spouse, child, parent, brother, sister, parent-in-law, brother-in-law or sister-in-law;
(14) provide education and health-related services and referrals designed to reduce the number of out-of-wedlock pregnancies and the number of induced pregnancy terminations in the state;
(15) investigate reports of abuse, neglect, or misappropriation of property by certified nurse aides in facilities licensed by the department under AS 18.20.
(1) 'benefit' has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900 ;
(2) 'claim' includes a request for payment for medical assistance services under applicable state or federal law or regulations, whether the request is in an electronic format or paper format or both;
(3) 'commissioner' means the commissioner of health and social services;
(4) 'department' means the Department of Health and Social Services;
(5) 'falsely alters' has the meaning given in AS 11.46.580 ;
(6) 'knowingly' has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900 ;
(7) 'makes a false entry' has the meaning given in AS 11.56.820 ;
(8) 'medical assistance agency' means the department, an agency of the department, and an agent, contractor, or designee of the department or of one of its agencies that performs one or more of the activities of the department or an agency of the department;
(9) 'medical assistance program' means a program under AS 47.07 or AS 47.08;
(10) 'medical assistance provider' or 'provider' means a person or organization that provides, attempts to provide, or claims to have provided services or products to a medical assistance recipient that may qualify for reimbursement under AS 47.07 or AS 47.08 or a person or organization that participates in or has applied to participate in a medical assistance program as a supplier of a service or product;
(11) 'medical assistance recipient' means a person on whose behalf another claims or receives a payment from a medical assistance agency, without regard to whether the individual was eligible for benefits under a medical assistance program;
(12) 'medical assistance record' means records required to be kept by state or federal law or regulation regarding claims to a medical assistance agency;
(13) 'organization' has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900 ;
(14) 'person' has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900 ;
(15) 'property' has the meaning given in AS 11.81.900 ;
(16) 'reckless disregard' means acting recklessly, as that term is defined in AS 11.81.900 ;
(17) 'services' or 'medical assistance services' means a health care benefit that may qualify for reimbursement under AS 47.07 or AS 47.08, including health care benefits provided, attempted to be provided, or claimed to have been provided to another, by a medical assistance provider, or 'services' as defined in AS 11.81.900 ;
(18) 'unconditional discharge' has the meaning given in AS 12.55.185 .