Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
The respondent has the right to an appeal from an order of involuntary commitment. The court shall inform the respondent of this right.
The commissioners of health and social services, natural resources, and revenue, or their respective designees, are advisors to the board.
The superior courts of this state may take judicial notice of the fact that an alcoholic is suffering from an illness and is in need of proper medical, advisory, or rehabilitative treatment.
Repealed or Renumbered
A person 18 years of age or older may be voluntarily admitted to a treatment facility if the person is suffering from mental illness and voluntarily signs the admission papers.
Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
Repealed or Renumbered
The department may acquire existing facilities for mental health care.
A patient who no longer meets the standards established in AS 47.30.670 shall be discharged from the treatment facility.
Repealed or Renumbered
Article 02. CONSTRUCTION OF MENTAL HEALTH HOSPITALS AND FACILITIES
The professional person in charge shall at any time discharge a respondent on the ground that the respondent is no longer gravely disabled or likely to cause serious harm as a result of mental illness. A certificate to this effect shall be sent to the court which shall enter an order officially terminating the involuntary commitment.
Repealed or Renumbered
The department may accept on behalf of the state and deposit, apart from other public funds, grants from the federal government or gifts or contributions from other sources to assist in carrying out the purposes of AS 47.30.470 .
AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 may be cited as the Community Mental Health Services Act.
Article 06. STATE MENTAL HEALTH POLICY
AS 47.30.410 - 47.30.460 may be cited as the Uniform Act for the Extradition of Persons of Unsound Mind.
Article 04. ALCOHOLICS
The board, on approval of a majority of its membership and consistent with state law, shall adopt and amend bylaws governing its composition, proceedings, and other activities consistent with state law and including, but not limited to, provisions concerning a quorum to transact board business and other aspects of procedure, frequency and location of meetings, and establishment, functions, and membership of committees.
The hearing under AS 47.30.745 shall be conducted in the same manner, and with the same rights for the respondent, as set out in AS 47.30.735(b).
When a minor under 18 years of age is detained at or admitted or committed to a treatment facility, the facility shall inform the parent or guardian of the location of the minor as soon as possible after the arrival of the minor at the facility.
An agency or entity proposing an expenditure of money by the trust shall present its proposal to the authority under regulations adopted under AS 47.30.031 .
The Alaska Mental Health Board is established. For budgetary purposes, the board is located within the department. The board is the state planning and coordinating agency for the purposes of federal and state laws relating to the mental health program of the state. The purpose of the board is to assist the state in ensuring an integrated comprehensive mental health program.
(a) Board members serve staggered terms of three years.
(b) A vacancy occurring in the membership of the board shall be filled by appointment of the governor for the unexpired portion of the vacated term.
(c) Members may be removed only for cause, including, but not limited to, poor attendance or lack of contribution to the board's work.
Nothing in AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 may be construed as limiting a person's right to a writ of habeas corpus.
AS 47.30.410 - 47.30.460 shall be so interpreted and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law of those states that enact it.
This state ratifies and adopts by reference 'The Interstate Compact on Mental Health' consisting of 14 articles approved on September 30, 1955, by the Northeast State Governments Conference on Mental Health. The department is designated as compact administrator with full power to carry out the purpose of the compact and to adopt all necessary regulations to implement the compact.
In AS 47.30.661 - 47.30.669, 'board' means the Alaska Mental Health Board established in AS 47.30.661 .
An evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may administer medication or other treatment to an involuntarily committed patient only in a manner that is consistent with the provisions of AS 47.30.825 - 47.30.865.
The rights set out in AS 47.30.825 - 47.30.855 shall be prominently posted in all treatment facilities in places accessible to all patients. A patient who does not understand English shall have the patient rights explained in a language the patient understands.
All proceedings under AS 47.30.410 - 47.30.460 shall be begun within one year after the flight referred to in AS 47.30.410 .
Before implementation, the programs, plans and actions of the department made under AS 47.30.350 , except for the proposed geographic location of the mental health hospital, shall be reviewed by the legislative budget and audit committee. The review and findings of the budget and audit committee shall be made public.
The board members appointed under AS 47.30.662 (b) and (e) are not entitled to a salary, but are entitled to per diem, reimbursement for travel, and other expenses authorized by law for boards and commissions under AS 39.20.180 .
A health care provider or a health care institution may not require or prohibit the execution or revocation of an advance health care directive as a condition for admission, discharge, or providing health care. In this section, 'advance health care directive,' 'health care institution,' and 'health care provider' have the meanings given in AS 13.52.390.
If at any time in the course of the 72-hour period the mental health professionals conducting the evaluation determine that the respondent does not meet the standards for commitment specified in AS 47.30.700 , the respondent shall be discharged from the facility or the place of evaluation by evaluation personnel and the petitioner and the court so notified.
The department may accept on behalf of the state and deposit separate and apart from other public funds grants from the federal government or gifts or contributions from other sources to assist in carrying out the purposes of AS 47.30.350 - 47.30.400 and may expend the funds for those purposes.
When practicable all documents and notices required by AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 to be served on a respondent, or on the respondent's parents, guardian or adult designee, shall be explained in a language the person understands if the respondent is not competent in English.
Repealed or Renumbered
The department shall ensure that
(1) a patient is not discharged from a treatment facility without suitable clothing; and
(2) a discharged indigent patient is furnished
(A) suitable transportation to the patient's permanent residence in this state or to another suitable place at the discretion of the department; and
(B) a reasonable amount of money to meet the patient's immediate needs.
The entities designated by the department to receive money under AS 47.30.540(b) shall provide one or more of the services that are set out in AS 47.30.056 (i) to persons identified in AS 47.30.056 .
Following the discharge of a respondent from a treatment facility or the issuance of a court order denying a petition for commitment, the respondent may at any time move to have all court records pertaining to the proceedings expunged on condition that the respondent file a full release of all claims of whatever nature arising out of the proceedings and the statements and actions of persons and facilities in connection with the proceedings. Upon the filing of the motion and full release, the court shall order the court records either expunged or sealed, whichever the court considers appropriate under the circumstances.
Plans and regulations adopted under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 must allow local programs sufficient administrative and program flexibility so that local community mental health programs may be joined with other programs such as mental retardation programs, drug abuse programs, alcoholism programs and comprehensive mental health services programs.
When a facility receives a proper order for evaluation, it shall accept the order and the respondent for an evaluation period not to exceed 72 hours. The facility shall promptly notify the court of the date and time of the respondent's arrival. The court shall set a date, time and place for a 30-day commitment hearing, to be held if needed within 72 hours after the respondent's arrival, and the court shall notify the facility, the respondent, the respondent's attorney, and the prosecuting attorney of the hearing arrangements. Evaluation personnel, when used, shall similarly notify the court of the date and time when they first met with the respondent.
A respondent undergoing involuntary treatment on an inpatient basis under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.815 may be authorized to be absent from the treatment facility during times specified by the professional person in charge, or that person's professional designee, when an authorization to be absent is in the best interests of the respondent and the respondent is not likely to cause harm to self or others.
A voluntary patient who is 18 years of age or older and who desires to leave a treatment facility shall submit to the facility a request to leave on a form provided by the facility. When the investigation is completed, the patient shall be evaluated immediately in writing and discharged immediately or given written notice that involuntary commitment proceedings will be initiated against the patient. The treatment facility may detain the patient for no more than 48 hours after receipt of the patient's request to leave in order to initiate involuntary commitment proceedings.
(a) The board, by a majority of its membership, shall annually elect a chair and other officers it considers necessary from among its membership.
(b) The board shall have a paid staff provided by the department, including, but not limited to, an executive director who shall be selected by the board. The executive director is in the partially exempt service and may hire additional employees in the classified service of the state. The department shall provide for the assignment of personnel to the board to ensure the board has the capacity to fulfill its responsibilities. The executive director of the board shall be directly responsible to the board in the performance of the director's duties.
(1) 'authority' means the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority established by AS 47.30.011 ;
(2) 'board' means the board of trustees of the authority;
(3) 'trust' means the trust established by the Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act of 1956, P.L.84-830, 70 Stat. 709.
Nothing in AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 alters or impairs the application or availability to a patient, while hospitalized in another state under contractual arrangements entered in accordance with AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915, of the rights, remedies, or safeguards provided by the laws of this state.
(a) After the hearing and within the time limit specified in AS 47.30.745, the court may commit the respondent to a treatment facility for no more than 90 days if the court or jury finds by clear and convincing evidence that the respondent is mentally ill and as a result is likely to cause harm to self or others, or is gravely disabled.
(b) If the court finds that there is a less restrictive alternative available and that the respondent has been advised of and refused voluntary treatment through the alternative, the court may order the less restrictive alternative treatment after acceptance by the program of the respondent for a period not to exceed 90 days.
A patient subject to involuntary hospitalization under AS 47.30.705 , 47.30.735, or AS 47.30.755 may at any time convert to voluntary status if the responsible physician agrees that
(1) the patient is an appropriate patient for voluntary hospitalization; and
(2) the conversion is made in good faith.
Funds to carry out AS 47.30.350 - 47.30.400 shall be set out in the appropriation bill authorizing the operating and capital expenditures of the state's integrated comprehensive mental health program under AS 37.14.003(a) and submitted to the legislature under AS 37.07.020 (a)(1).
The department shall adopt regulations implementing AS 47.30.475 . The regulations must provide for the method of application, the time for consideration of applications, the processing of applications, the type of record keeping, the requirements for reporting the progress and statistics regarding the program, and the notification of the applicant as to the action taken on the application. The department shall also establish the necessary forms of application and may adopt other regulations considered necessary to meet the requirements of health and safety and the orderly administration of the grant-in-aid program. The regulations must include reporting requirements that will permit an evaluation of the success of the program.
(a) A patient has the right to bring grievances about the patient's treatment, care, or rights to an impartial body within an evaluation facility or designated treatment facility.
(b) An evaluation facility and a designated treatment facility shall have a formal grievance procedure for patient grievances brought under (a) of this section. The facility shall inform each patient of the existence and contents of the grievance procedure.
(c) An evaluation facility and a designated treatment facility shall have a designated staff member who is trained in mental health consumer advocacy who will serve as an advocate, upon a patient's request, to assist the patient in bringing grievances or pursuing other redress for complaints concerning care, treatment, and rights.
The department shall make diligent inquiry in every instance after departure without authority or death of a patient, to ascertain the whereabouts of the patient or that of the patient's legal heirs or representatives, and shall turn over to the proper person the money or articles of personal property in the custody of the facility to the credit of the patient. Claims to the money or articles of personal property, including claims by the state, may be presented to the department at any time. If a claim other than by the state is established by clear and convincing evidence more than one year after the death or departure without authority of a patient, it shall be certified to the legislature for consideration and the legislature may pay the claim.
(a) A treatment facility shall conduct a nutritional evaluation of a person admitted or committed to a treatment facility for evaluation or treatment, whether the person is a voluntary or involuntary patient. The evaluation shall be conducted within the first week after the patient is admitted or committed.
(b) Notwithstanding (a) of this section, a treatment facility is not required to conduct a nutritional evaluation of a patient who is released within 72 hours of arrival.
(c) A patient has the right to a nutritionally sound and medically appropriate diet. After conducting the nutritional evaluation required under (a) of this section, the treatment facility shall take appropriate steps to correct the patient's nutritional deficiencies.- 47.30.400 is to provide for the constructing and equipping of hospitals and other facilities in this state needed for carrying out a comprehensive mental health program, to accept the benefits of 42 U.S.C. 274, and to authorize the department to take action necessary to accomplish these purposes.
Article 03. UNIFORM ACT FOR THE EXTRADITION OF PERSONS OF UNSOUND MIND
Treatment shall always be available at a state-operated hospital; however, if space is available and upon acceptance by another treatment facility, a respondent who is committed by the court shall be placed by the department at the designated treatment facility closest to the respondent's home unless the court finds that
(1) another treatment facility in the state has a program more suited to the respondent's condition, and this interest outweighs the desirability of the respondent being closer to home;
(2) another treatment facility in the state is closer to the respondent's friends or relatives who could benefit the respondent through their visits and communications; or
(3) the respondent wants to be further removed from home, and the mental health professionals who sought the respondent's commitment concur in the desirability of removed placement.
(a) The fact that a person is or has been evaluated or treated for mental illness may not be a basis for discrimination in
(1) seeking employment;
(2) resuming or continuing professional practice or previous occupation;
(3) obtaining or retaining housing;
(4) obtaining or retaining licenses or permits, including but not limited to a motor vehicle license, motor vehicle operator's and chauffeur's license, and a professional or occupational license.
(b) Applications for positions, licenses, and housing may not contain requests for information concerning evaluation or treatment experiences.
(c) A person may not aid, abet, incite, compel, or coerce the doing of an act forbidden under this section or attempt to do so.
Article 11. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
The contracts for services provided for in AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 shall be reviewed, revised if necessary, and approved at the expiration of each contract year. A contract shall be approved if the department finds that the community entity has complied with its plan, AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620, and any applicable regulations adopted by the department. Expenditures for the purchase of services shall be made in accordance with the approved contract, budgets, and program projections.
(1) 'authority' means the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority established in AS 47.30.011 ;
(2) 'department' means the Department of Health and Social Services;
(3) 'persons with mental disorders' means persons with disorders currently included within nationally accepted diagnostic systems of the mental health professions;
(4) 'trust' has the meaning given in AS 47.30.061 .
When a respondent undergoing involuntary treatment on an inpatient basis is absent from the treatment facility without, or in excess of, authorization under AS 47.30.785 , the professional person in charge, or that person's professional designee, may contact the appropriate peace officers who shall take the respondent into custody and return the respondent to the treatment facility. If it is determined by the professional person in charge to be necessary, a member of the treatment facility staff shall accompany the peace officers when they take the respondent into custody. In addition, the family or guardian of the patient and any person known to have been threatened by the patient shall be notified of the patient's unauthorized absence immediately upon its discovery.
When a person is to be involuntarily committed to a facility, the department shall arrange, and is authorized to pay for, the person's necessary transportation to the designated facility accompanied by appropriate persons and if necessary by a peace officer. The department shall pay return transportation of a person, the person's escorts, and if necessary a peace officer, after a determination that the person is not committable, at the end of a commitment period, or at the end of a voluntary stay at a treatment facility following an evaluation conducted in accordance with AS 47.30.715 . When advisable, one or more relatives or friends shall be permitted to accompany the person. The department may pay necessary travel, housing, and meal expenses incurred by one relative or friend in accompanying the person if the department determines that the person's best interests require that the person be accompanied by the relative or friend and the relative or friend is indigent.
The department shall adopt regulations specifying the types of services and program costs eligible for state participation. These regulations must include
(1) a provision excluding capital expenditures as eligible costs; and
(2) a requirement that the community entity contractor or applicant agrees as a condition of contract approval that it will not supplant existing local fund support of community mental health services with funds received under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 and that it will continue local funding support of community mental health services, in any year in which it contracts with the department, at a level that is at least equal to the local funding support in the previous year.
A person alleged to be of unsound mind found in this state, who has fled from another state, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the state from which the person fled, be delivered up to be removed to the state where, at the time of the flight the person
(1) was under detention by law in a hospital, asylum or other institution for the insane as a person of unsound mind;
(2) had been determined by legal proceedings to be of unsound mind, the finding being unreversed and in full force and effect, and the control of the person having been acquired by a court of competent jurisdiction of the state from which the person fled; or
(3) was subject to detention in that state, which was then the person's legal domicile (personal service of process having been made) based on legal proceedings there pending to have the person declared of unsound mind.
(a) Experimental treatments involving any significant risk of physical or psychological harm may not be administered to a patient.
(b) If the personnel of an evaluation or treatment facility are uncertain as to whether a proposed treatment is experimental or is experimental as applied to a particular patient or would involve a significant risk of mental or physical harm to the patient, the matter may be referred to the commissioner for a determination. The patient, the patient's attorney and guardian, if any, and an adult designated by the patient, shall, simultaneously with the referral to the commissioner, be provided with copies of all the documents by which the referral is made and shall have the opportunity to provide evidence to the commissioner on the question.
(c) A determination by the commissioner that a treatment is experimental and entails significant risks of mental or physical harm is binding upon all persons involved in the administration of treatment to a patient.
An entity that provides community mental health services shall
(1) make services available at times and locations that enable residents of the entity's service area to obtain services readily;
(2) ensure each client's right to confidentiality and treatment with dignity;
(3) establish staffing patterns of qualified and trained personnel that reflect the cultural, linguistic, and other social characteristics of the community and that incorporate multidisciplinary professional staff to meet client functional levels and diagnostic and treatment needs;
(4) promote client and family participation in formulating, delivering, and evaluating treatment and rehabilitation;
(5) design screening, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation services to maximize individual potential and to minimize institutionalization; and
(6) provide services in the least restrictive setting, enabling the person receiving the services to live as normally as possible.
(a) A respondent who is delivered under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.705 to an evaluation facility for emergency examination and treatment shall be examined and evaluated as to mental and physical condition by a mental health professional and by a physician within 24 hours after arrival at the facility.
(b) If the mental health professional who performs the emergency examination has reason to believe that the respondent is (1) mentally ill and that condition causes the respondent to be gravely disabled or to present a likelihood of serious harm to self or others, and (2) is in need of care or treatment, the mental health professional may hospitalize the respondent, or arrange for hospitalization, on an emergency basis. If a judicial order has not been obtained under AS 47.30.700, the mental health professional shall apply for an ex parte order authorizing hospitalization for evaluation.
(a) Upon the application of a person for voluntary admission, or at the time a person admitted under AS 47.30.690 reaches the age of 18, the person shall be given a copy of the following documents which shall be explained as necessary:
(1) notice of rights as set out in AS 47.30.825 - 47.30.865 and an explanation of any document served upon the person; and
(2) notice that should the person desire to leave at a time when the treatment facility determines that the person is mentally ill and as a result is likely to cause serious harm to self or others or is gravely disabled, the facility could initiate commitment proceedings against the person.
(b) If an applicant for voluntary admission does not understand English, the explanation shall be given in a language the applicant understands.
(a) The board shall annually elect a presiding officer and other officers it considers necessary from among its membership.
(b) The board shall employ a chief executive officer who shall be selected by the board. The chief executive officer shall be compensated at no less than range 26 of the pay plan for state employees under AS 39.27.011(a). The chief executive officer may
(1) hire additional employees;
(2) appoint hearing officers to perform the responsibilities set out in AS 47.30.031 (b)(5); and
(3) contract for the services of consultants and others.
(c) The chief executive officer is directly responsible to the board.
(d) The chief executive officer and employees hired under this section are in the exempt service under AS 39.25.110 .
The provisions of AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.815 apply to minors. However, all notices required to be served on the respondent in AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.815 shall also be served on the parent or guardian of a respondent who is a minor, and parents or guardians of a minor respondent shall be notified that they may appear as parties in any commitment proceeding concerning the minor and that as parties they are entitled to retain their own attorney or have the office of public advocacy appointed for them by the court. A minor respondent has the same rights to waiver and informed consent as an adult respondent under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915; however, the minor shall be represented by counsel in waiver and consent proceedings.
(a) A person may not deny to a person who is undergoing evaluation or treatment under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 a civil right, including but not limited to, the right to free exercise of religion and the right to dispose of property, sue and be sued, enter into contractual relationships, and vote. A person who violates this subsection commits the crime of interference with constitutional rights under AS 11.76.110.
(b) Court-ordered evaluation or treatment under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 is not a determination of legal incapacity under AS 13.26.005 - 13.26.330.
(a) A peace officer, a psychiatrist or physician who is licensed to practice in this state or employed by the federal government, or a clinical psychologist licensed by the state Board of Psychologist and Psychological Associate Examiners who has probable cause to believe that a person is gravely disabled or is suffering from mental illness and is likely to cause serious harm to self or others of such immediate nature that considerations of safety do not allow initiation of involuntary commitment procedures set out in AS 47.30.700 , may cause the person to be taken into custody and delivered to the nearest evaluation facility. A person taken into custody for emergency evaluation may not be placed in a jail or other correctional facility except for protective custody purposes and only while awaiting transportation to a treatment facility. However, emergency protective custody under this section may not include placement of a minor in a jail or secure facility. The peace officer or mental health professional shall complete an application for examination of the person in custody and be interviewed by a mental health professional at the facility.
(b) In this section, 'minor' means an individual who is under 18 years of age.
(a) The board consists of not fewer than 12 nor more than 16 members appointed by the governor, with due regard for the demographics of the state and balanced geographic representation of the state. The membership and committees of the board shall fulfill the requirements of P.L. 99-660, as amended.
(b) Not less than one-half of the members shall be persons with a mental disorder identified in AS 47.30.056 (b)(1) or members of their families.
(c) The board members
(1) shall include the director of the division of mental health and developmental disabilities in the department; and
(2) may include representatives of the principal state agencies with respect to education, vocational rehabilitation, criminal justice, housing, social services, medical assistance, substance abuse, and aging.
(d) Board members appointed under (c) of this section may not vote on matters before the board.
(e) The board members shall include at least two licensed mental health professionals who represent public and private providers of mental health services and at least one member who is admitted to practice law in the state. Members appointed under this subsection may also be family members identified under (b) of this section.
It is the purpose of the Community Mental Health Services Act to
(1) provide a range of community based inpatient, outpatient, and support services for persons with mental disorders;
(2) assist communities in planning, organizing, and financing community mental health services through locally developed, administered, and controlled community mental health programs;
(3) better develop and use resources at both state and local levels;
(4) develop and implement plans for comprehensive mental health services based on demonstrated need on a regional basis;
(5) improve the effectiveness of existing mental health services;
(6) integrate state-operated and community mental health programs into a unified mental health system;
(7) ensure that consumers, families, and representatives of communities within mental health planning regions can participate in planning for, determining the need for, and allocating mental health resources;
(8) provide a means of allocating money available for state mental health services according to community needs;
(9) encourage the full use of all existing public or private agencies, facilities, personnel, and funds to accomplish these objectives; and
(10) prevent unnecessary duplication and fragmentation of services and expenditures.
An evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may not administer psychotropic medication to a patient in a situation that does not involve a crisis under AS 47.30.838 (a)(1) unless the patient
(1) has the capacity to give informed consent to the medication, as described in AS 47.30.837 , and gives that consent; the facility shall document the consent in the patient's medical chart;
(2) authorized the use of psychotropic medication in an advance health care directive properly executed under AS 13.52 or authorized an agent or surrogate under AS 13.52 to consent to the use of psychotropic medication for the patient and the agent or surrogate does consent; or
(3) is determined by a court to lack the capacity to give informed consent to the medication and the court approves use of the medication under AS 47.30.839 .
The board shall
(1) preserve and protect the trust corpus under AS 37.14.009 ;
(2) coordinate with other state agencies involved with programs affecting persons in need of mental health services;
(3) review and consider the recommendations submitted under AS 44.29.140(2), AS 47.30.666 (6), AS 47.45.240 (a)(10), and AS 47.80.090(13);
(4) adopt bylaws governing its meetings, selection of officers, proceedings, and other aspects of board procedure;
(5) make an annual written report of its activities to the governor and the public and notify the legislature that the report is available; and
(6) fulfill its obligations under AS 47.30.046 .
If the executive authority of a state demands of the executive authority of this state a fugitive under AS 47.30.410 and produces a copy of the commitment decree or other judicial process and proceedings, certified as authentic by the governor or chief magistrate of the state from which the person so charged has fled, with an affidavit made before a proper officer showing the person to be a fugitive, the executive authority of this state shall have the fugitive apprehended and secured, if found in this state, and have immediate notice of the apprehension given to the executive authority making the demand, or to the agent of that authority appointed to receive the fugitive, and have the fugitive delivered to the agent when the agent appears. If no agent appears within 30 days from the time of the apprehension the fugitive may be discharged. All costs and expenses incurred in the apprehending, securing, maintaining and transmitting the fugitive to the state making the demand shall be paid by that state. An agent so appointed who receives the fugitive into custody is empowered to transmit the fugitive to the state from which the fugitive fled. The executive authority of this state may, on the application of a person interested, demand the return to this state of a fugitive under AS 47.30.410 - 47.30.460.
(1) 'alcoholism' means a condition related to alcohol and concerns a physical compulsion which exists, coupled with a mental obsession;
(2) 'costs of improvement, renovation, or new construction of facilities' includes, in addition to costs directly related to the project, the sum total of all costs of financing and carrying out the project; these include, but are not limited to, the costs of all necessary studies, surveys, plans and specifications, architectural, engineering or other special services, acquisition of real property, site preparation and development, purchase, construction, reconstruction and improvement of real property, and the acquisition of machinery and equipment as may be necessary in connection with the project; an allocable portion of the administrative and operating expenses of the grantee; the cost of financing the project, including interest on bonds issued to finance the project; and the cost of other items, including any indemnity and surety bonds and premiums on insurance, legal fees, fees and expenses of trustees, depositaries, financial advisors, and paying agents for the bonds issued as the issuer considers necessary;
(3) 'department' means the Department of Health and Social Services;
(4) [Repealed, Sec. 33 ch 23 SLA 1995].
Article 05. COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES ACT
(1) 'executive authority,' 'governor,' and 'chief magistrate,' respectively, as applied to a request to return a person under AS 47.30.410 - 47.30.460 to or from the District of Columbia, include a justice of the supreme court of the District of Columbia and other authority;
(2) 'flight' and 'fled' mean a voluntary or involuntary departure from the jurisdiction of the court where the proceedings mentioned in AS 47.30.410 - 47.30.460 have been instituted and are still pending, with the effect of avoiding, impeding, or delaying the action of the court in which the proceedings have been instituted or are pending, or a voluntary or involuntary departure from the state where the person demanded then was, if the person then was under detention by law as a person of unsound mind and subject to detention;
(3) 'state' includes states, territories, districts, and insular and other possessions of the United States.
(a) A respondent ordered by the court under the provisions of AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915 to receive involuntary outpatient treatment may be required to undergo inpatient treatment when the provider of outpatient care finds that (1) the respondent is mentally ill and is likely to cause serious harm to self or others or is still gravely disabled; (2) the respondent's behavior since the hearing resulting in court-ordered treatment indicates that the respondent now needs inpatient treatment to protect self or others; (3) there is reason to believe that the respondent's mental condition will improve as a result of inpatient treatment; and (4) there is an inpatient facility appropriate to the respondent's need which will accept the respondent as a patient. Treatment for these respondents shall be available at state-operated hospitals at all times.
(b) Upon making the findings specified in (a) of this section, the provisions of AS 47.30.795 (c) relating to notice and AS 47.30.745 relating to hearing apply.
(a) The members of the board serve staggered five-year terms. A member shall continue to serve until the member's successor is appointed and confirmed.
(b) A vacancy occurring in the membership of the board shall be filled within 60 days by appointment of the governor for the unexpired portion of the vacated term.
(c) The governor may remove a member of the board only for cause, including incompetence, neglect of duty, misconduct in office, poor attendance, or lack of contribution to the board's work. A member being removed for cause shall be given a copy of the charges and afforded an opportunity to publicly present a defense in person or by counsel upon not less than 10 days' written notice. If a member is removed for cause, the governor shall file with the lieutenant governor a complete statement of all charges made against the member and the governor's findings based on the charges, together with a complete record of the proceedings. The removal of a member for cause constitutes a final administrative order. A member seeking to appeal the governor's removal of a member for cause under this subsection shall file a notice of appeal with the superior court under AS 44.62.560 .
(d) Except for a trustee who has served two consecutive five-year terms, a member of the board may be reappointed. A member of the board who has served two consecutive five-year terms is not eligible for reappointment to the board until one year has intervened.
(a) Those unclaimed articles of personal property that are covered by AS 34.45.110 - 34.45.260 and the unclaimed money in the custody of a treatment facility that belong to a patient who dies before discharge, or to a patient who leaves the hospital without authority, if unclaimed by the patient or the legal heirs or representatives of the patient within one year after the patient's death or departure, shall be disposed of in accordance with AS 34.45.110 - 34.45.780, and the other articles of the patient's personal property shall be disposed of in the manner prescribed by the department and the proceeds deposited in the general fund.
(b) If a mentally ill individual has died in a foreign facility and the department desires to recover the patient's personal property under this section, the commissioner or the commissioner's designated representative may secure the property and for that purpose only is designated the decedent's administrator. Property so recovered shall be disposed of as provided by law.
(a) The board shall adopt regulations under AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act) consistent with state law and the fiduciary responsibilities imposed by law on members of boards of directors of corporations having trust responsibilities.
(b) The regulations shall address, but are not limited to,
(1) the requirements of AS 47.30.056 (h) and (j);
(2) [Repealed, Sec. 39 ch 5 FSSLA 1994].
(3) procedures by which an aggrieved person or group who believe they have not received services that should be provided from the trust may apply to the authority for redress;
(4) provisions that allow and encourage entities providing trust funded services to integrate those services with other community human services funded by other sources;
(5) administrative adjudication procedures, including but not limited to
(A) the acceptance of applications under (4) of this subsection;
(C) hearings; and
(D) the issuance of administrative orders, as necessary;
(6) provisions that establish a process for long-range planning for expenditures from the mental health trust settlement income account; and
(7) criteria for determining the nature and extent of necessary services and related expenses to be funded by the trust.
The parent or guardian of a minor who is less than 18 years of age may file a notice to withdraw the minor from the facility. On receipt of the notice, the facility may
(1) discharge the minor to the custody of the parent or guardian; or
(2) if, in the opinion of the treating physician, release of the minor would be seriously detrimental to the minor's health, the treating physician may
(A) discharge the minor to the custody of the parent or guardian after advising the parent or guardian that this action is against medical advice and after receiving a written acknowledgement of the advice; or
(B) refuse to discharge the minor, initiate involuntary commitment proceedings, and continue to hold the minor until a court order under AS 47.30.700 has been issued; or
(3) if, in the opinion of the treating physician, the minor is likely to cause serious harm to self or others and there is reason to believe the release could place the minor in imminent danger, the treating physician shall refuse to discharge the minor, and shall initiate involuntary commitment proceedings and continue to hold the minor until a court order under AS 47.30.700 has been issued.
Article 09. INVOLUNTARY ADMISSION FOR TREATMENT
The purpose of the 1981 major revision of Alaska civil commitment statutes (AS 47.30.660 and 47.30.670 - 47.30.915) is to more adequately protect the legal rights of persons suffering from mental illness. The legislature has attempted to balance the individual's constitutional right to physical liberty and the state's interest in protecting society from persons who are dangerous to others and protecting persons who are dangerous to themselves by providing due process safeguards at all stages of commitment proceedings. In addition, the following principles of modern mental health care have guided this revision:
(1) that persons be given every reasonable opportunity to accept voluntary treatment before involvement with the judicial system;
(2) that persons be treated in the least restrictive alternative environment consistent with their treatment needs;
(3) that treatment occur as promptly as possible and as close to the individual's home as possible;
(4) that a system of mental health community facilities and supports be available;
(5) that patients be informed of their rights and be informed of and allowed to participate in their treatment program as much as possible;
(6) that persons who are mentally ill but not dangerous to others be committed only if there is a reasonable expectation of improving their mental condition.
(a) In a district designated by the department as a poverty area, the department may fund not more than 90 percent of the eligible costs of the community mental health services to be furnished under an entity's approved plan.
(b) In a district that has not been designated by the department as a poverty area, the department may fund not more than 75 percent of the eligible costs of the community mental health services to be furnished under an entity's approved plan.
(c) Notwithstanding (a) and (b) of this section, if the department determines that sufficient funds from other sources are unavailable, then the department shall fund the percent of the eligible costs that is necessary in order to ensure that services for chronically mentally ill adults and severely mentally ill children, and other community mental health services to be furnished under an entity's approved plan are made available by the entity. Funding under this subsection is subject to the availability of legislative appropriations for the purpose.
(d) Income earned by an entity through a community mental health project funded under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 shall be used to augment or enhance the entity's mental health services.
(e) In (a) and (b) of this section, 'poverty area' means a census district in which at least 15 percent of the population, based upon the most recent census date, falls under 125 percent of the United States Department of Health and Human Services' Poverty Income Guidelines for Alaska, as reported in the Federal Register.
(a) A minor under the age of 18 may be admitted for 30 days of evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment at a designated treatment facility if the minor's parent or guardian signs the admission papers and if, in the opinion of the professional person in charge,
(1) the minor is gravely disabled or is suffering from mental illness and as a result is likely to cause serious harm to the minor or others;
(2) there is no less restrictive alternative available for the minor's treatment; and
(3) there is reason to believe that the minor's mental condition could be improved by the course of treatment or would deteriorate further if untreated.
(b) A guardian ad litem for a minor admitted under this section shall be appointed under AS 25.24.310 to monitor the best interests of the minor as soon as possible after the minor's admission. If the guardian ad litem finds that placement is not appropriate, the guardian ad litem may request that an attorney be appointed under AS 25.24.310 to represent the minor. The attorney may request a hearing on behalf of the minor during the 30-day admittance.
(c) The minor may be released by the treatment facility at any time if the professional person in charge or the minor's designated mental health professional determines the minor would no longer benefit from continued treatment and the minor is not dangerous. The minor's parents or guardian must be notified by the facility of the contemplated release.
(a) The department shall
(1) develop and submit to the Surgeon General of the United States Public Health Service a comprehensive program for the constructing and equipping of hospitals and other facilities for the examination, observation, care, and treatment of the mentally ill;
(2) develop and submit to the Surgeon General plans and specifications for the constructing and equipping of the hospitals and other facilities;
(3) construct and equip the hospitals and other facilities in accordance with the program, plans, and specifications approved by the Surgeon General; construction and equipping under this paragraph is governed by AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code);
(4) cooperate, coordinate, and contract, wherever indicated and desirable, with other state boards, departments and agencies, and agencies of the United States in the construction program, and hire necessary personnel and enter into contracts with private individuals and companies, to the end that the hospitals and other facilities are constructed in the most economical and expeditious manner; contracting and construction under this section are governed by AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code).
(b) An action, agreement, or transaction taken or entered before April 3, 1957, by the Mental Health Authority consistent with AS 47.30.350 - 47.30.400 is affirmed and ratified.
(a) Except as provided in (b) of this section,
(1) computations of a 72-hour evaluation period under AS 47.30.715 or a 48-hour detention period under AS 47.30.685 do not include Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, or any period of time necessary to transport the respondent to the treatment facility;
(2) a 30-day commitment period expires at the end of the 30th day after the 72 hours following initial acceptance;
(3) a 90-day commitment period expires at the end of the 90th day after the expiration of a 30-day period of treatment;
(4) a 180-day commitment period expires at the end of the 180th day, after the expiration of a 90-day period of treatment or previous 180-day period, whichever is applicable.
(b) When a respondent has failed to appear or been absent through the respondent's own actions contrary to any order properly made or entered under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915, the relevant commitment period shall be extended for a period of time equal to the respondent's absence if written notice of absence is promptly provided to the respondent's attorney and guardian, if there is one, and if, within 24 hours after the respondent has returned to the evaluation or treatment facility, written notice of the corresponding extension and the reason for it is given to the respondent and the respondent's attorney and guardian, if any, and to the court.
(a) In the course of the 72-hour evaluation period, a petition for commitment to a treatment facility may be filed in court. The petition must be signed by two mental health professionals who have examined the respondent, one of whom is a physician. The petition must
(1) allege that the respondent is mentally ill and as a result is likely to cause harm to self or others or is gravely disabled;
(2) allege that the evaluation staff has considered but has not found that there are any less restrictive alternatives available that would adequately protect the respondent or others; or, if a less restrictive involuntary form of treatment is sought, specify the treatment and the basis for supporting it;
(3) allege with respect to a gravely disabled respondent that there is reason to believe that the respondent's mental condition could be improved by the course of treatment sought;
(4) allege that a specified treatment facility or less restrictive alternative that is appropriate to the respondent's condition has agreed to accept the respondent;
(5) allege that the respondent has been advised of the need for, but has not accepted, voluntary treatment, and request that the court commit the respondent to the specified treatment facility or less restrictive alternative for a period not to exceed 30 days;
(6) list the prospective witnesses who will testify in support of commitment or involuntary treatment; and
(7) list the facts and specific behavior of the respondent supporting the allegation in (1) of this subsection.
(b) A copy of the petition shall be served on the respondent, the respondent's attorney, and the respondent's guardian, if any, before the 30-day commitment hearing.
(a) The witnesses, expert witnesses, and the jury in commitment proceedings under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 are entitled to the fees, compensation, and mileage established by the administrative rules of court for other jurors and witnesses. Compensation, mileage, fees, transportation expenses for a respondent, and other expenses arising from evaluation and commitment proceedings shall be audited and allowed by the superior court of the judicial district in which the proceedings are held. To the extent that services of a peace officer are used to carry out the provisions of AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915, the officer is entitled to fees and actual expenses from the same source and in the same manner as for the officer's other official duties.
(b) An attorney appointed for a person under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 shall be compensated for services as follows:
(1) the person for whom an attorney is appointed shall, if the person is financially able under standards as to financial capability and indigency set by the court, pay the costs of the legal services;
(2) if the person is indigent under those standards, the costs of the services shall be paid by the state.
(a) Upon petition of any adult, a judge shall immediately conduct a screening investigation or direct a local mental health professional employed by the department or by a local mental health program that receives money from the department under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 or another mental health professional designated by the judge, to conduct a screening investigation of the person alleged to be mentally ill and, as a result of that condition, alleged to be gravely disabled or to present a likelihood of serious harm to self or others. Within 48 hours after the completion of the screening investigation, a judge may issue an ex parte order orally or in writing, stating that there is probable cause to believe the respondent is mentally ill and that condition causes the respondent to be gravely disabled or to present a likelihood of serious harm to self or others. The court shall provide findings on which the conclusion is based, appoint an attorney to represent the respondent, and may direct that a peace officer take the respondent into custody and deliver the respondent to the nearest appropriate facility for emergency examination or treatment. The ex parte order shall be provided to the respondent and made a part of the respondent's clinical record. The court shall confirm an oral order in writing within 24 hours after it is issued.
(b) The petition required in (a) of this section must allege that the respondent is reasonably believed to present a likelihood of serious harm to self or others or is gravely disabled as a result of mental illness and must specify the factual information on which that belief is based including the names and addresses of all persons known to the petitioner who have knowledge of those facts through personal observation.
(a) The respondent shall be released from involuntary treatment at the expiration of 90 days unless the professional person in charge files a petition for a 180-day commitment conforming to the requirements of AS 47.30.740(a) except that all references to '30-day commitment' shall be read as 'the previous 90-day commitment' and all references to '90-day commitment' shall be read as '180-day commitment'.
(b) The procedures for service of the petition, notification of rights, and judicial hearing shall be as set out in AS 47.30.740 - 47.30.750. If the court or jury finds by clear and convincing evidence that the grounds for 90-day commitment as set out in AS 47.30.755 are present, the court may order the respondent committed for an additional treatment period not to exceed 180 days from the date on which the first 90-day treatment period would have expired.
(c) Successive 180-day commitments are permissible on the same ground and under the same procedures as the original 180-day commitment. An order of commitment may not exceed 180 days.
(d) Findings of fact relating to the respondent's behavior made at a 30-day commitment hearing under AS 47.30.735 , a 90-day commitment hearing under AS 47.30.750 , or a previous 180-day commitment hearing under this section shall be admitted as evidence and may not be rebutted except that newly discovered evidence may be used for the purpose of rebutting the findings.
The board is the state planning and coordinating body for the purpose of federal and state laws relating to mental health services for persons with mental disorders identified in AS 47.30.056 (b)(1). On behalf of those persons, the board shall
(1) prepare and maintain a comprehensive plan of treatment and rehabilitation services;
(2) propose an annual implementation plan consistent with the comprehensive plan and with due regard for the findings from evaluation of existing programs;
(3) provide a public forum for the discussion of issues related to the mental health services for which the board has planning and coordinating responsibility;
(4) advocate the needs of persons with mental disorders before the governor, executive agencies, the legislature, and the public;
(5) advise the legislature, the governor, the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority, and other state agencies in matters affecting persons with mental disorders, including, but not limited to,
(A) development of necessary services for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation;
(B) evaluation of the effectiveness of programs in the state for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation;
(C) legal processes that affect screening, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation;
(6) provide to the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority for its review and consideration recommendations concerning the integrated comprehensive mental health program for those persons who are described in AS 47.30.056 (b)(1) and the use of money in the mental health trust settlement income account in a manner consistent with regulations adopted under AS 47.30.031 ; and
(7) submit periodic reports regarding its planning, evaluation, advocacy, and other activities.
Information and records obtained in the course of a screening investigation, evaluation, examination, or treatment are confidential and are not public records, except as the requirements of a hearing under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 may necessitate a different procedure. Information and records may be copied and disclosed under regulations established by the department only to
(1) a physician or a provider of health, mental health, or social and welfare services involved in caring for, treating, or rehabilitating the patient;
(2) the patient or an individual to whom the patient has given written consent to have information disclosed;
(3) a person authorized by a court order;
(4) a person doing research or maintaining health statistics if the anonymity of the patient is assured and the facility recognizes the project as a bona fide research or statistical undertaking;
(5) the Department of Corrections in a case in which a prisoner confined to the state prison is a patient in the state hospital on authorized transfer either by voluntary admission or by court order;
(6) a governmental or law enforcement agency when necessary to secure the return of a patient who is on unauthorized absence from a facility where the patient was undergoing evaluation or treatment;
(7) a law enforcement agency when there is substantiated concern over imminent danger to the community by a presumed mentally ill person;
(8) the department in a case in which services provided under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 are paid for, in whole or in part, by the department or in which a person has applied for or has received assistance from the department for those services.
(a) The department shall adopt regulations to assure patient rights and to safeguard the confidential nature of records and information about the recipients of services provided under this chapter. The regulations must require that entities identified in AS 47.30.540 (b) develop and include in any plan submitted for approval adequate provisions for safeguarding confidential information. The regulations must provide for disclosure of confidential information to parents or guardians, to mental health professionals providing services to a recipient, and to other appropriate service agencies when it is in the defined best interests of the patient.
(b) Notwithstanding (a) of this section, the department is authorized to review, obtain, and copy confidential and other records and information about the clients of services requested or furnished under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 to evaluate compliance with those statutes. The department may obtain the records and information regarding clients from the client or directly from an entity designated by the department under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 that furnished those services. Records obtained by the department under this subsection are medical records, shall be handled confidentially, and are exempt from public inspection and copying under AS 40.25.110 - 40.25.120.
(a) At any time during the respondent's 30-day commitment, the professional person in charge, or that person's professional designee, may file with the court a petition for a 90-day commitment of that respondent. The petition must include all material required under AS 47.30.730(a) except that references to '30 days' shall be read as '90 days'; and
(1) allege that the respondent has attempted to inflict or has inflicted serious bodily harm upon the respondent or another since the respondent's acceptance for evaluation, or that the respondent was committed initially as a result of conduct in which the respondent attempted or inflicted serious bodily harm upon the respondent or another, or that the respondent continues to be gravely disabled, or that the respondent demonstrates a current intent to carry out plans of serious harm to the respondent or another;
(2) allege that the respondent has received appropriate and adequate care and treatment during the respondent's 30-day commitment;
(3) be verified by the professional person in charge, or that person's professional designee, during the 30-day commitment.
(b) The court shall have copies of the petition for 90-day commitment served upon the respondent, the respondent's attorney, and the respondent's guardian, if any. The petition for 90-day commitment and proofs of service shall be filed with the clerk of the court, and a date for hearing shall be set, by the end of the next judicial day, for not later than five judicial days from the date of filing of the petition. The clerk shall notify the respondent, the respondent's attorney, and the petitioner of the hearing date at least three judicial days in advance of the hearing.
(c) Findings of fact relating to the respondent's behavior made at a 30-day commitment hearing under AS 47.30.735 shall be admitted as evidence and may not be rebutted except that newly discovered evidence may be used for the purpose of rebutting the findings.
(a) The admission papers of a person who is admitted to a treatment facility under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 must include a statement as to the person's residence. The department may return a patient who is not a resident of the state to the state of the person's residence with court approval if the person has been committed. If the state in which the person has residence does not accept the person as a patient, the person shall be treated as a resident of this state under the provisions of AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915.
(b) To facilitate the return of nonresident patients the department may enter into a reciprocal agreement or compact with another state providing for the prompt return under appropriate supervision of residents of that state who are mentally ill. A mentally ill resident of this state who has been placed in a facility outside this state may be admitted with the approval of the department to a treatment facility in the state designated by the department. The department may enter into reciprocal agreements or contracts with another state providing for custody, care or treatment, or return of mentally ill residents of this state by the other state and for the custody and care or treatment of mentally ill residents of that state by this state on a reimbursable basis. A resident of this state who has been committed in another state and is returned in accordance with this section shall, within 72 hours of admission to the designated facility, be examined. After examination the mental health professional in charge shall release the person or shall petition for involuntary commitment as prescribed in AS 47.30.740.
(c) In taking action under (a) and (b) of this section, consideration shall be given to the best interests of the patient, particularly to the relationship of the patient to the patient's family, legal guardian, or friends to maintain relationships and encourage visits beneficial to the patient.
The department shall:
(1) ascertain and keep current a list of all institutions in the state that have available facilities for the care and treatment of alcoholics and drug abusers;
(2) encourage the development and advancement of standards of treatment of alcoholics and drug abusers in institutions;
(3) promote and encourage educational activities to make the public aware of the effects of intemperate use of alcoholic beverages and drugs, and promote and encourage the education of the general public about scientific facts regarding alcoholism and drug abuse;
(4) identify and utilize whatever facilities and services are available or can be made available through community organization for carrying out the purposes of this section, including identification and utilization for detoxification of under-utilized hospital beds;
(5) engage in research and educational activities that will aid in the understanding of alcoholism and drug abuse and in the treatment of alcoholics and drug abusers;
(6) administer a community grant-in-aid program for alcoholism and drug abuse;
(7) submit an annual report concerning alcoholism and drug abuse in the state and the grant-in-aid program within 10 days after the convening of the legislature in each regular session;
(8) prepare that part of the plan for the integrated comprehensive mental health program under AS 47.30.056 that relates to the services and facilities that are necessary for the care and treatment of persons identified as chronic alcoholics suffering from psychoses, as defined in AS 47.30.056 (b)(3) and (f); in preparing the plan of services for persons identified in this paragraph, the department shall coordinate with the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority and the Advisory Board on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse;
(9) use money awarded to the department by grant or contract from the mental health trust settlement income account established under AS 37.14.036 and appropriated from the general fund to provide the necessary services identified in (8) of this section and in accordance with AS 47.30.056 .
(a) It is the policy of the state that
(1) the community mental health program provide a comprehensive and integrated system of community based facilities, supports, and mental health services including child and adolescent screening and diagnosis, inpatient, outpatient, prevention, consultation, and education services;
(2) persons most in need of community mental health services receive appropriate services as provided under AS 47.30.056 ;
(3) the community mental health program be coordinated, to the maximum extent possible, with the programs established under AS 47.37, AS 47.65, AS 47.80, and other programs affecting the well being of persons in need of mental health services.
(b) Community mental health program service delivery principles include the principles that persons
(1) have ready and prompt access to necessary screening, diagnosis, and treatment;
(2) receiving community mental health services be informed of their rights, including their rights to confidentiality and to treatment with dignity;
(3) be provided community mental health services by staff and programs that reflect the culture, linguistic, and other social characteristics of their community and that incorporate multidisciplinary professional staff to meet client functional levels and diagnostic and treatment needs;
(4) in need of community mental health services, and their families, be encouraged to participate in formulating, delivering, and evaluating treatment and rehabilitation;
(5) in need of community mental health services be provided treatment and rehabilitation services designed to minimize institutionalization and maximize individual potential;
(6) be treated in the least restrictive alternative environment consistent with their treatment needs, enabling the person to live as normally as possible;
(7) be provided necessary treatment as close to the person's home as possible;
(8) be informed of and allowed to participate in planning their own treatment as much as possible.
(a) The Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority is established as a public corporation of the state within the Department of Revenue.
(b) The purpose of the authority is to ensure an integrated comprehensive mental health program and to administer the office of the long term care ombudsman established in AS 47.62.010 .
(c) The authority
(1) shall, as provided in AS 37.14.009 , administer the trust established under the Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act of 1956;
(2) may sue and be sued;
(3) may retain the services of independent counsel when, in the judgment of the authority's board of trustees, independent counsel is needed;
(4) shall insure or indemnify and protect the board, a member of the board, or an agent or employee of the authority against financial loss and expense, including reasonable legal fees and costs, arising out of a claim, demand, suit, or judgment by reason of alleged negligence, alleged violation of civil rights, or alleged wrongful act resulting in death or bodily injury to a person or accidental damage to or destruction of property if the board member, agent, or employee, at the time of the occurrence, was acting under the direction of the authority within the course or scope of the duties of the board member, agent, or employee;
(5) shall exercise the powers granted to it under AS 37.14.041 , subject to the limitations imposed by AS 37.14.045 ; and
(6) shall administer the office of the long term care ombudsman established in AS 47.62.010 .
(d) The provisions of AS 44.62.330 - 44.62.630 do not apply to the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority.
(a) The authority shall be governed by its board of trustees.
(b) The board consists of seven members appointed by the governor and confirmed by the legislature. The members appointed under this subsection shall be appointed
(1) based upon their ability in financial management and investment, in land management, or in services for the beneficiaries of the trust;
(2) after the governor has considered a list of persons prepared by a panel of six persons who are beneficiaries, or who are the guardians, family members, or representatives of beneficiaries; the panel shall consist of
(A) one person selected by the Alaska Mental Health Board established by AS 47.30.661 ;
(B) one person selected by the Governor's Council on Disabilities and Special Education;
(C) one person selected by the Advisory Board on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse established by AS 44.29.100 ;
(D) one person selected by the Alaska Commission on Aging established by AS 47.45.200 ;
(E) one person selected by the Alaska Native Health Board; and
(F) one person selected by the authority.
(c) A member of the board appointed by the governor under (b) of this section may not
(1) be an officer or employee of the state; or
(2) within the preceding two years or during the member's term of office have an interest in, served on the governing board of, or been employed by an organization that has received, during that same period, money from the mental health trust settlement income account under a grant or contract for services.
(d) A quorum of the board is four members.
(e) A member of the board is entitled to
(1) an honorarium of $200 for each day or any part of a day spent at a meeting of the board, at a meeting of a subcommittee of the board, or as a representative of the board; and
(2) per diem and travel expenses authorized for boards and commissions under AS 39.20.180 .
(a) A person undergoing evaluation or treatment under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915
(1) may not be photographed without the person's consent and that of the person's guardian if a minor, except that the person may be photographed upon admission to a facility for identification and for administrative purposes of the facility; all photographs shall be confidential and may only be released by the facility to the patient or the patient's designee unless a court orders otherwise;
(2) at the time of admission to an evaluation or treatment facility, shall have reasonable precautions taken by the staff to inventory and safeguard the patient's personal property; a copy of the inventory signed by the staff member making it shall be given to the patient and made available to the patient's attorney and any other person authorized by the patient to inspect the document;
(3) shall have access to an individual storage space for the patient's private use while undergoing evaluation or treatment;
(4) shall be permitted to wear personal clothing, to keep and use personal possessions including toilet articles if they are not considered unsafe for the patient or other patients who might have access to them, and to keep and be allowed to spend a reasonable sum of the patient's own money for the patient's needs and comfort;
(5) shall be allowed to have visitors at reasonable times;
(6) shall have ready access to letter writing materials, including stamps, and have the right to send and receive unopened mail;
(7) shall have reasonable access to a telephone, both to make and receive confidential calls;
(8) has the right to be free of corporal punishment;
(9) has the right to reasonable opportunity for indoor and outdoor exercise and recreation;
(10) has the right, at any time, to have a telephone conversation with or be visited by an attorney;
(11) may not be retaliated against or subjected to any adverse change of conditions or treatment solely because of assertion of rights under this section.
(b) The patient's rights under (a)(4), (5), (7) and (9) of this section may be suspended temporarily, following the initial evaluation period, if the professional person in charge of the patient determines that granting the patient those rights will pose a threat to the safety or well-being of the patient or others.
(a) A person acting in good faith upon either actual knowledge or reliable information who makes application for evaluation or treatment of another person under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915 is not subject to civil or criminal liability.
(b) The following persons may not be held civilly or criminally liable for detaining a person under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915 or for releasing a person under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915 at or before the end of the period for which the person was admitted or committed for evaluation or treatment if the persons have performed their duties in good faith and without gross negligence:
(1) an officer of a public or private agency;
(2) the superintendent, the professional person in charge, the professional designee of the professional person in charge, and the attending staff of a public or private agency;
(3) a public official performing functions necessary to the administration of AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915;
(4) a peace officer or mental health professional responsible for detaining or transporting a person under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915.
(c) A person who wilfully initiates an involuntary commitment procedure under AS 47.30.700 without having good cause to believe that the other person is suffering from a mental illness and as a result is gravely disabled or likely to cause serious harm to self or others, is guilty of a felony.
Article 10. PATIENT RIGHTS
(a) A respondent who was originally committed to involuntary inpatient care under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915 may be released before the expiration of the commitment period if a provider of outpatient care accepts the respondent for specified outpatient treatment for a period of time not to exceed the duration of the commitment, and if the professional person in charge, or that person's professional designee, finds that
(1) it is not necessary to treat the respondent as an inpatient to prevent the respondent from harming self or others; and
(2) there is reason to believe that the respondent's mental condition would improve as a result of the outpatient treatment.
(b) A copy of the conditions for early release shall be given to the respondent and the respondent's attorney and guardian, if any, the provider of outpatient care, and the court.
(c) If during the commitment period the provider of outpatient care determines that the respondent can no longer be treated on an outpatient basis because the respondent is likely to cause harm to self or others or is gravely disabled, the provider shall give the respondent oral and written notice that the respondent must return to the treatment facility within 24 hours, with copies to the respondent's attorney and guardian, if any, the court, and the inpatient treatment facility. If the respondent fails to arrive at the treatment facility within 24 hours after receiving the notice, the professional person in charge may contact the appropriate peace officers who shall take the respondent into custody and transport the respondent to the facility. If it is determined by the professional person in charge to be necessary, a member of the treatment facility staff shall accompany the peace officers when they take the respondent into custody.
(d) If the provider of outpatient care determines that the respondent will require continued outpatient care after the expiration of the commitment period, the provider may initiate further commitment proceedings as if the provider were the professional person in charge, and the provisions of AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 apply, except that provisions relating to inpatient treatment shall be read as applicable to outpatient treatment.
(a) Upon receipt of a proper petition for commitment, the court shall hold a hearing at the date and time previously specified according to procedures set out in AS 47.30.715 .
(b) The hearing shall be conducted in a physical setting least likely to have a harmful effect on the mental or physical health of the respondent, within practical limits. At the hearing, in addition to other rights specified in AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915, the respondent has the right
(1) to be present at the hearing; this right may be waived only with the respondent's informed consent; if the respondent is incapable of giving informed consent, the respondent may be excluded from the hearing only if the court, after hearing, finds that the incapacity exists and that there is a substantial likelihood that the respondent's presence at the hearing would be severely injurious to the respondent's mental or physical health;
(2) to view and copy all petitions and reports in the court file of the respondent's case;
(3) to have the hearing open or closed to the public as the respondent elects;
(4) to have the rules of evidence and civil procedure applied so as to provide for the informal but efficient presentation of evidence;
(5) to have an interpreter if the respondent does not understand English;
(6) to present evidence on the respondent's behalf;
(7) to cross-examine witnesses who testify against the respondent;
(8) to remain silent;
(9) to call experts and other witnesses to testify on the respondent's behalf.
(c) At the conclusion of the hearing the court may commit the respondent to a treatment facility for not more than 30 days if it finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that the respondent is mentally ill and as a result is likely to cause harm to the respondent or others or is gravely disabled.
(d) If the court finds that there is a viable less restrictive alternative available and that the respondent has been advised of and refused voluntary treatment through the alternative, the court may order the less restrictive alternative treatment for not more than 30 days if the program accepts the respondent.
(e) The court shall specifically state to the respondent, and give the respondent written notice, that if commitment or other involuntary treatment beyond the 30 days is to be sought, the respondent has the right to a full hearing or jury trial.
(a) The department shall administer the provisions of AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 and shall
(1) define and develop standards for various levels and qualities of mental health care;
(2) provide fiscal and professional technical assistance in planning, organizing, developing, implementing, and administering local mental health services;
(3) develop budgets and receive and distribute state appropriations and funds in accordance with the provisions of AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620;
(4) establish standards of education and experience for professional, technical, and administrative personnel employed in community mental health services;
(5) assist the community in establishing the organization and operation of community mental health services;
(6) develop a standardized system for measuring and reporting to the department the types, quantities, and quality of services; and develop a cost accounting system that will demonstrate the cost of various levels and qualities of care;
(7) provide each local community planning and services delivery entity with statistics, reports, and other data relevant to development of indices indicating the need for mental health services, or relevant to evaluating the effectiveness of existing services;
(8) review each local community plan and require each plan to include
(A) an affirmative showing that the most effective and economic use will be made of all available public and private resources in the community including careful consideration of the most effective and economic alternative forms and patterns of services;
(B) a five-year projection of needs, services, and resources; and
(C) adequate provisions for review and evaluation of services provided in the local community;
(9) adopt regulations and establish priorities, after consultation with local communities affected and in conjunction with the Alaska Mental Health Board, that are necessary to carry out the purposes of AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620.
(b) In performing its duties under (a) of this section, the department shall coordinate with the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority established in AS 47.30.011 .
(a) The board shall annually, not later than September 15, submit to the governor and the Legislative Budget and Audit Committee a budget for the next fiscal year and a proposed plan of implementation based on the integrated comprehensive mental health program plan prepared under AS 47.30.660 (a)(1). The budget must include the authority's determination of the amount
(1) recommended for expenditure from the general fund during the next fiscal year to meet the operating and capital expenses of the integrated comprehensive mental health program;
(2) in the mental health trust settlement income account, if any, that is not reasonably necessary to meet the projected operating and capital expenses of the integrated comprehensive mental health program that may be transferred into the general fund; and
(3) of the expenditures the authority intends to make under AS 37.14.041 and 37.14.045, including the specific purposes and amounts of any grants or contracts as part of the state's integrated comprehensive mental health program.
(b) When the authority submits its proposed budget under (a) of this section, the authority shall also provide a report to the Legislative Budget and Audit Committee, the governor, the Office of Management and Budget, the commissioner of health and social services, and all entities providing services with money in the mental health trust settlement income account, and shall make it available to the public. The report must describe at least the following:
(1) the assets, earnings, and expenditures of the trust as of the end of the preceding fiscal year;
(2) comparisons of the trust's assets, earnings, and expenditures with the prior five fiscal years;
(3) projections of the trust's assets, earnings, and expenditures for the next five fiscal years;
(4) the authority's budget recommendations submitted under (a) of this section, and its reasons for making those recommendations;
(5) the authority's guidelines for the establishment of services; the provision of services shall be based on the principle that services paid for from the trust are provided to recipients as close to the recipient's home and family as practical with due consideration of demographics, mental health service requirements, use of mental health services, economic feasibility, and capital expenditures required for provision of minimum levels of service;
(6) forecasts of the number of persons needing services;
(7) projections of the resources required to provide the necessary services and facilities; and
(8) reviews of the status of the integrated comprehensive mental health program, including evaluation of program goals, objectives, targets and timelines, and overall effectiveness.
(a) When a respondent is detained for evaluation under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915, the respondent shall be immediately notified orally and in writing of the rights under this section. Notification must be in a language understood by the respondent. The respondent's guardian, if any, and if the respondent requests, an adult designated by the respondent, shall also be notified of the respondent's rights under this section.
(b) Unless a respondent is released or voluntarily admitted for treatment within 72 hours of arrival at the facility or, if the respondent is evaluated by evaluation personnel, within 72 hours from the beginning of the respondent's meeting with evaluation personnel, the respondent is entitled to a court hearing to be set for not later than the end of that 72-hour period to determine whether there is cause for detention after the 72 hours have expired for up to an additional 30 days on the grounds that the respondent is mentally ill, and as a result presents a likelihood of serious harm to the respondent or others, or is gravely disabled. The facility or evaluation personnel shall give notice to the court of the releases and voluntary admissions under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.815.
(c) The respondent has a right to communicate immediately, at the department's expense, with the respondent's guardian, if any, or an adult designated by the respondent and the attorney designated in the ex parte order, or an attorney of the respondent's choice.
(d) The respondent has the right to be represented by an attorney, to present evidence, and to cross-examine witnesses who testify against the respondent at the hearing.
(e) The respondent has the right to be free of the effects of medication and other forms of treatment to the maximum extent possible before the 30-day commitment hearing; however, the facility or evaluation personnel may treat the respondent with medication under prescription by a licensed physician or by a less restrictive alternative of the respondent's preference if, in the opinion of a licensed physician in the case of medication, or of a mental health professional in the case of alternative treatment, the treatment is necessary to
(1) prevent bodily harm to the respondent or others;
(2) prevent such deterioration of the respondent's mental condition that subsequent treatment might not enable the respondent to recover; or
(3) allow the respondent to prepare for and participate in the proceedings.
(f) A respondent, if represented by counsel, may waive, orally or in writing, the 72-hour time limit on the 30-day commitment hearing and have the hearing set for a date no more than seven calendar days after arrival at the facility. The respondent's counsel shall immediately notify the court of the waiver.
(a) Except as provided in (c) and (d) of this section, an evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may administer psychotropic medication to a patient without the patient's informed consent, regardless of whether the patient is capable of giving informed consent, only if
(1) there is a crisis situation, or an impending crisis situation, that requires immediate use of the medication to preserve the life of, or prevent significant physical harm to, the patient or another person, as determined by a licensed physician or a registered nurse; the behavior or condition of the patient giving rise to a crisis under this paragraph and the staff's response to the behavior or condition must be documented in the patient's medical record; the documentation must include an explanation of alternative responses to the crisis that were considered or attempted by the staff and why those responses were not sufficient; and
(2) the medication is ordered by a licensed physician; the order
(A) may be written or oral and may be received by telephone, facsimile machine, or in person;
(B) may include an initial dosage and may authorize additional, as needed, doses; if additional, as needed, doses are authorized, the order must specify the medication, the quantity of each authorized dose, the method of administering the medication, the maximum frequency of administration, the specific conditions under which the medication may be given, and the maximum amount of medication that may be administered to the patient in a 24-hour period;
(C) is valid for only 24 hours and may be renewed by a physician for a total of 72 hours, including the initial 24 hours, only after a personal assessment of the patient's status and a determination that there is still a crisis situation as described in (1) of this subsection; upon renewal of an order under this subparagraph, the facts supporting the renewal shall be written into the patient's medical record.
(b) When a patient is no longer in the crisis situation that lead to the use of psychotropic medication without consent under (a) of this section, an appropriate health care professional shall discuss the crisis with the patient, including precursors to the crisis, in order to increase the patient's and the professional's understanding of the episode and to discuss prevention of future crises. The professional shall seek and consider the patient's recommendations for managing potential future crises.
(c) If crisis situations as described in (a)(1) of this section occur repeatedly, or if it appears that they may occur repeatedly, the evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may administer psychotropic medication during no more than three crisis periods without the patient's informed consent only with court approval under AS 47.30.839 .
(d) An evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may administer psychotropic medication to a patient without the patient's informed consent if the patient is unable to give informed consent but has authorized the use of psychotropic medication in an advance health care directive properly executed under AS 13.52 or has authorized an agent or surrogate under AS 13.52 to consent to this form of treatment for the patient and the agent or surrogate does consent.
(a) A patient has the capacity to give informed consent for purposes of AS 47.30.836 if the patient is competent to make mental health or medical treatment decisions and the consent is voluntary and informed.
(b) When seeking a patient's informed consent under this section, the evaluation facility or designated treatment facility shall give the patient information that is necessary for informed consent in a manner that ensures maximum possible comprehension by the patient.
(c) If an evaluation facility or designated treatment facility has provided to the patient the information necessary for the patient's consent to be informed and the patient voluntarily consents, the facility may administer psychotropic medication to the patient unless the facility has reason to believe that the patient is not competent to make medical or mental health treatment decisions. If the facility has reason to believe that the patient is not competent to make medical or mental health treatment decisions and the facility wishes to administer psychotropic medication to the patient, the facility shall follow the procedures of AS 47.30.839 .
(d) In this section,
(1) 'competent' means that the patient
(A) has the capacity to assimilate relevant facts and to appreciate and understand the patient's situation with regard to those facts, including the information described in (2) of this subsection;
(B) appreciates that the patient has a mental disorder or impairment, if the evidence so indicates; denial of a significantly disabling disorder or impairment, when faced with substantial evidence of its existence, constitutes evidence that the patient lacks the capability to make mental health treatment decisions;
(C) has the capacity to participate in treatment decisions by means of a rational thought process; and
(D) is able to articulate reasonable objections to using the offered medication;
(2) 'informed' means that the evaluation facility or designated treatment facility has given the patient all information that is material to the patient's decision to give or withhold consent, including
(A) an explanation of the patient's diagnosis and prognosis, or their predominant symptoms, with and without the medication;
(B) information about the proposed medication, its purpose, the method of its administration, the recommended ranges of dosages, possible side effects and benefits, ways to treat side effects, and risks of other conditions, such as tardive dyskinesia;
(C) a review of the patient's history, including medication history and previous side effects from medication;
(D) an explanation of interactions with other drugs, including over-the-counter drugs, street drugs, and alcohol;
(E) information about alternative treatments and their risks, side effects, and benefits, including the risks of nontreatment; and
(F) a statement describing the patient's right to give or withhold consent to the administration of psychotropic medications in nonemergency situations, the procedure for withdrawing consent, and notification that a court may override the patient's refusal;
(3) 'voluntary' means having genuine freedom of choice; a choice may be encouraged and remain voluntary, but consent obtained by using force, threats, or direct or indirect coercion is not voluntary.
(a) A respondent subject to a petition for 90-day commitment has, in addition to the rights specified elsewhere in this chapter, or otherwise applicable, the rights enumerated in this section. Written notice of these rights shall be served on the respondent and the respondent's attorney and guardian, if any, and may be served on an adult designated by the respondent at the time the petition for 90-day commitment is served. An attempt shall be made by oral explanation to ensure that the respondent understands the rights enumerated in the notice. If the respondent does not understand English, the explanation shall be given in a language the respondent understands.
(b) Unless the respondent is released or is admitted voluntarily following the filing of a petition and before the hearing, the respondent is entitled to a judicial hearing within five judicial days of the filing of the petition as set out in AS 47.30.740 (b) to determine if the respondent is mentally ill and as a result is likely to cause harm to self or others, or if the respondent is gravely disabled. If the respondent is admitted voluntarily following the filing of the petition, the voluntary admission constitutes a waiver of any hearing rights under AS 47.30.740 or under AS 47.30.685 . If at any time during the respondent's voluntary admission under this subsection, the respondent submits to the facility a written request to leave, the professional person in charge may file with the court a petition for a 180-day commitment of the respondent under AS 47.30.770 . The 180-day commitment hearing shall be scheduled for a date not later than 90 days after the respondent's voluntary admission.
(c) The respondent is entitled to a jury trial upon request filed with the court if the request is made at least two judicial days before the hearing. If the respondent requests a jury trial, the hearing may be continued for no more than 10 calendar days. The jury shall consist of six persons.
(d) If a jury trial is not requested, the court may still continue the hearing at the respondent's request for no more than 10 calendar days.
(e) The respondent has a right to retain an independent licensed physician or other mental health professional to examine the respondent and to testify on the respondent's behalf. Upon request by an indigent respondent, the court shall appoint an independent licensed physician or other mental health professional to examine the respondent and testify on the respondent's behalf. The court shall consider an indigent respondent's request for a specific physician or mental health professional. A motion for the appointment may be filed in court at any reasonable time before the hearing and shall be acted upon promptly. Reasonable fees and expenses for expert examiners shall be determined by the rules of court.
(f) The proceeding shall in all respects be in accord with constitutional guarantees of due process and, except as otherwise specifically provided in AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.915, the rules of evidence and procedure in civil proceedings.
(g) Until the court issues a final decision, the respondent shall continue to be treated at the treatment facility unless the petition for 90-day commitment is withdrawn. If a decision has not been made within 20 days of filing of the petition, not including extensions of time due to jury trial or other requests by the respondent, the respondent shall be released.
(a) A nonprofit corporation, a city or borough government, or other political subdivision of the state, or a combination of these, is eligible for grant-in-aid funds under this section. Applications shall be sent to the department.
(b) Money available under this section shall be awarded by the department to applicants on the basis of community need, but only after consideration of comment and advice of the Advisory Board on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse. In awarding grants, the department shall further consider the amount of money that is available for all applications and whether an application would contribute to the wise development of a comprehensive program of alcoholic and drug abuse rehabilitation and prevention.
(c) Grants shall be awarded in a ratio of 75 percent state money to 25 percent community money for the costs of providing staff and limited improvement, renovation, or new construction of facilities for alcohol or drug detoxification, rehabilitation, or 'half-way house' care. The department may waive all or part of the requirement that state money be matched by community money if the department finds that community money is unavailable and waiver of the requirement is in the best interests of the state. A grant for improving, renovating, or constructing may not exceed $50,000 except when there is a lack of applicants for available money and then only with the approval of the Advisory Board on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse. The department is not required to award all money available under this program, or the full percentages specified in this subsection, when another source of money is available or could reasonably be made available to the applicant.
(d) Money used by the applicant to qualify for state money may be from any source other than the state. The cost of developing an application is not reimbursable from the grant. The value of real property to be used directly in conjunction with the grant may be used in calculating the required amount of community money, as allowed by regulations of the department.
(e) A grant may not be awarded under this section unless the application includes a plan that provides for
(1) the expenditure of grant money for education and other preventative measures, or the treatment of alcoholics and drug abusers;
(2) the reception of advice and comment from a local advisory board, or, if a local advisory board cannot be formed because the area is sparsely populated, from the governing bodies of private nonprofit health organizations, regarding the design, implementation, and evaluation of the plan and action to be taken;
(3) goals, expressed in quantifiable terms that express the intended effect of the assistance provided under the plan upon the number of individuals needing or utilizing that assistance;
(4) [Repealed, Sec. 21 ch 6 SLA 1993].
(f) The department shall monitor the implementation of the plan required under (e) of this section, and shall terminate payment of grant money if the plan is not implemented or approval of the program as a public or private treatment program under AS 47.37.140 is not granted within one year of the award of the grant, or is suspended, revoked, limited, or restricted. Modification of the plan required by (e) of this section shall be approved by the department before implementation of the modification.
(g) The department shall provide management training for persons administering a program receiving grant money under this section.
(h) If the department determines, after the award of a grant under (c) of this section, that the community is capable of bearing a greater portion of the cost of a program than originally determined, the department may
(1) reduce the award by that portion of the cost of a program that the department subsequently determined the community could bear; or
(2) terminate payment of the grant entirely.
(a) A city or borough government or other political subdivision of the state, a nonprofit corporation, or a combination of these, is eligible to receive funds and administer local programs under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620. In order to ensure equitable access to funds and programs through the state, the department shall determine appropriate geographical areas to be served by local programs in consultation with representatives of the geographical areas in question.
(b) An entity designated by the department to receive money under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 shall ensure a broad base of community support as evidenced by a governing board reasonably representative of the professional, civic, and citizen groups in the community and including persons with mental disorders or family members of persons with mental disorders. No more than two members, or 40 percent of the membership, whichever is greater, may be providers of services under the program. In order to receive money under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620, a local community entity shall agree
(1) to give priority to mental health programs and services consistent with the priorities set out in AS 47.30.056 and that provide the maximum services for the least expenditure of money from the mental health trust settlement income account;
(2) to furnish services through a qualified staff meeting reasonable standards of experience and training;
(3) to conform to a state cost accounting system showing the true cost of services rendered, collect fees for services according to a schedule based on an analysis of reasonable ability to pay, and provide that a person may not be refused services because of inability to pay for those services;
(4) to maintain adequate clinical and administrative records and furnish periodic reports to the department;
(5) to furnish the authority and the department an annual report of the preceding fiscal year, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of the previous year's programs and their costs;
(6) to furnish the authority and the department satisfactory needs assessments for the population and area it serves and an annual update of a long-range planning and budget statement that describes program goals for the coming year, the steps and resources necessary to implement the goals, the projected means by which these resources will be secured, and the procedures necessary to evaluate the program;
(7) to furnish the department with confidential and other information about recipients of services paid for, in whole or part, under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 and comply with regulations of the department regarding the submission of this information; and
(8) to notify the department immediately of emergency situations involving recipients of services paid for, in whole or in part, under AS 47.30.520 - 47.30.620 and comply with regulations of the department regarding this notification; for purposes of this paragraph, 'emergency situations' include the disappearance, injury, or death of a recipient.
(c) Members of local governing boards may be reimbursed for necessary travel expenses incurred in the organization and operation of local programs as may be determined by the department.
(a) A patient, the patient's spouse, or the patient's parent if the patient is under 18 years of age shall pay the charges for the care, transportation, and treatment of the patient when the patient is hospitalized under AS 47.30.670 - 47.30.915 at a state-operated facility, an evaluation facility, or a designated treatment facility providing services under AS 47.30.670 - 47.30.915. The patient, the patient's spouse, or the patient's parent if the patient is under 18 years of age shall make arrangements with a state-operated facility, an evaluation facility, or a designated treatment facility for payment of charges, including providing income information necessary to determine eligibility for benefits under AS 47.31. Charges assessed for services provided under AS 47.30.670 - 47.30.915 when a patient is hospitalized at a state-operated facility may not exceed the actual cost of care and treatment. The department may, when assessing charges for services provided at a state-operated facility, consider the ability to pay of a patient, a patient's spouse, or a patient's parent if the patient is under 18 years of age. In order to impose liability for a patient's cost of care at a state-operated facility, the department shall issue an order for payment within six months after the date on which the charge was incurred. The order remains in effect unless modified by subsequent court order or department order. The department may not impose liability for a patient's cost of care at a state-operated facility if the patient would otherwise meet the eligibility criteria, other than location of service, in AS 47.31.010 .
(b) The department, the evaluation facility, or a designated treatment facility shall make reasonable efforts to determine whether the patient, the patient's spouse, or the patient's parent if the patient is under 18 years of age has a third-party payor or has the available means to substantially contribute to the payment of charges, or whether the patient is eligible for assistance under AS 47.31.
(c) If a patient is hospitalized at a state-operated facility and the patient, the patient's spouse, or the patient's parent if the patient is under 18 years of age fails to provide to the department information necessary to determine whether there is a third-party payor or available means to substantially contribute to the payment of charges, or whether the patient would, if not hospitalized at a state-operated facility, be eligible for assistance under AS 47.31, the department may issue an administrative order imposing full liability for the patient's actual cost of care on the patient, the patient's spouse, or the patient's parent if the patient is under 18 years of age. The order remains in effect unless modified by subsequent court order or department order.
(d) If a person who is hospitalized under AS 47.30.670 - 47.30.915 at an evaluation facility or a designated treatment facility cannot pay or substantially contribute to the payment of charges described under this section, the patient may apply for assistance under AS 47.31.
(e) The department may charge or accept money or property from a person for the care or treatment of a patient at a state-operated facility.
(f) Money paid by the patient or on the patient's behalf to the department under this section shall be deposited in the general fund.
(a) An evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may use the procedures described in this section to obtain court approval of administration of psychotropic medication if
(1) there have been, or it appears that there will be, repeated crisis situations as described in AS 47.30.838 (a)(1) and the facility wishes to use psychotropic medication in future crisis situations; or
(2) the facility wishes to use psychotropic medication in a noncrisis situation and has reason to believe the patient is incapable of giving informed consent.
(b) An evaluation facility or designated treatment facility may seek court approval for administration of psychotropic medication to a patient by filing a petition with the court, requesting a hearing on the capacity of the person to give informed consent.
(c) A patient who is the subject of a petition under (b) of this section is entitled to an attorney to represent the patient at the hearing. If the patient cannot afford an attorney, the court shall direct the Public Defender Agency to provide an attorney. The court may, upon request of the patient's attorney, direct the office of public advocacy to provide a guardian ad litem for the patient.
(d) Upon the filing of a petition under (b) of this section, the court shall direct the office of public advocacy to provide a visitor to assist the court in investigating the issue of whether the patient has the capacity to give or withhold informed consent to the administration of psychotropic medication. The visitor shall gather pertinent information and present it to the court in written or oral form at the hearing. The information must include documentation of the following:
(1) the patient's responses to a capacity assessment instrument administered at the request of the visitor;
(2) any expressed wishes of the patient regarding medication, including wishes that may have been expressed in a power of attorney, a living will, an advance health care directive under AS 13.52, or oral statements of the patient, including conversations with relatives and friends that are significant persons in the patient's life as those conversations are remembered by the relatives and friends; oral statements of the patient should be accompanied by a description of the circumstances under which the patient made the statements, when possible.
(e) Within 72 hours after the filing of a petition under (b) of this section, the court shall hold a hearing to determine the patient's capacity to give or withhold informed consent as described in AS 47.30.837 and the patient's capacity to give or withhold informed consent at the time of previously expressed wishes regarding medication if previously expressed wishes are documented under (d)(2) of this section. The court shall consider all evidence presented at the hearing, including evidence presented by the guardian ad litem, the petitioner, the visitor, and the patient. The patient's attorney may cross-examine any witness, including the guardian ad litem and the visitor.
(f) If the court determines that the patient is competent to provide informed consent, the court shall order the facility to honor the patient's decision about the use of psychotropic medication.
(g) If the court determines that the patient is not competent to provide informed consent and, by clear and convincing evidence, was not competent to provide informed consent at the time of previously expressed wishes documented under (d)(2) of this section, the court shall approve the facility's proposed use of psychotropic medication. The court's approval under this subsection applies to the patient's initial period of commitment if the decision is made during that time period. If the decision is made during a period for which the initial commitment has been extended, the court's approval under this subsection applies to the period for which commitment is extended.
(h) If an evaluation facility or designated treatment facility wishes to continue the use of psychotropic medication without the patient's consent during a period of commitment that occurs after the period in which the court's approval was obtained, the facility shall file a request to continue the medication when it files the petition to continue the patient's commitment. The court that determines whether commitment shall continue shall also determine whether the patient continues to lack the capacity to give or withhold informed consent by following the procedures described in (b) - (e) of this section. The reports prepared for a previous hearing under (e) of this section are admissible in the hearing held for purposes of this subsection, except that they must be updated by the visitor and the guardian ad litem.
(i) If a patient for whom a court has approved medication under this section regains competency at any time during the period of the patient's commitment and gives informed consent to the continuation of medication, the evaluation facility or designated treatment facility shall document the patient's consent in the patient's file in writing.
(a) The department shall
(1) prepare, and periodically revise and amend, a plan for an integrated comprehensive mental health program, as that term is defined by AS 47.30.056 (i); the preparation of the plan and any revision or amendment of it shall
(A) be made in conjunction with the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority;
(B) be coordinated with federal, state, regional, local, and private entities involved in mental health services;
(2) in planning expenditures from the mental health trust settlement income account, conform to the regulations adopted by the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority under AS 47.30.031 (b)(6); and
(3) implement an integrated comprehensive system of care that, within the limits of money appropriated for that purpose and using grants and contracts that are to be paid for from the mental health trust settlement income account, meets the service needs of the beneficiaries of the trust established under the Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act of 1956, as determined by the plan.
(b) The department, in fulfilling its duties under this section and through its division of mental health and developmental disabilities, shall
(1) administer a comprehensive program of services for persons with mental disorders, for the prevention of mental illness, and for the care and treatment of persons with mental disorders, including inpatient and outpatient care and treatment and the procurement of services of specialists or other persons on a contractual or other basis;
(2) take the actions and undertake the obligations that are necessary to participate in federal grants-in-aid programs and accept federal or other financial aid from whatever sources for the study, prevention, examination, care, and treatment of persons with mental disorders;
(3) administer AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915;
(4) designate, operate, and maintain treatment facilities equipped and qualified to provide inpatient and outpatient care and treatment for persons with mental disorders;
(5) provide for the placement of patients with mental disorders in designated treatment facilities;
(6) enter into arrangements with governmental agencies for the care or treatment of persons with mental disorders in facilities of the governmental agencies in the state or in another state;
(7) enter into contracts with treatment facilities for the custody and care or treatment of persons with mental disorders; contracts under this paragraph are governed by AS 36.30 (State Procurement Code);
(8) enter into contracts, which incorporate safeguards consistent with AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 and the preservation of the civil rights of the patients with another state for the custody and care or treatment of patients previously committed from this state under 48 U.S.C. 46 et seq., and P.L. 84-830, 70 Stat. 709;
(9) prescribe the form of applications, records, reports, request for release, and consents to medical or psychological treatment required by AS 47.30.660 -47.30.915;
(10) require reports from the head of a treatment facility concerning the care of patients;
(11) visit each treatment facility at least annually to review methods of care or treatment for patients;
(12) investigate complaints made by a patient or an interested party on behalf of a patient;
(13) delegate upon mutual agreement to another officer or agency of it, or a political subdivision of the state, or a treatment facility designated, any of the duties and powers imposed upon it by AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915;
(14) after consultation with the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority, adopt regulations to implement the provisions of AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915;
(15) provide technical assistance and training to providers of mental health services; and
(16) set standards under which each designated treatment facility shall provide programs to meet patients' medical, psychological, social, vocational, educational, and recreational needs.
Article 07. ALASKA MENTAL HEALTH BOARD
(a) A patient who is receiving services under AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 has the rights described in this section.
(b) The patient and the following persons, at the request of the patient, are entitled to participate in formulating the patient's individualized treatment plan and to participate in the evaluation process as much as possible, at minimum to the extent of requesting specific forms of therapy, inquiring why specific therapies are or are not included in the treatment program, and being informed as to the patient's present medical and psychological condition and prognosis: (1) the patient's counsel, (2) the patient's guardian, (3) a mental health professional previously engaged in the patient's care outside of the evaluation facility or designated treatment facility, (4) a representative of the patient's choice, (5) a person designated as the patient's agent or surrogate with regard to mental health treatment decisions under AS 13.52, and (6) the adult designated under AS 47.30.725. The mental health care professionals may not withhold any of the information described in this subsection from the patient or from others if the patient has signed a waiver of confidentiality or has designated the person who would receive the information as an agent or surrogate under AS 13.52 with regard to mental health treatment.
(c) A patient who is capable of giving informed consent has the right to give and withhold consent to medication and treatment in all situations that do not involve a crisis or impending crisis as described in AS 47.30.838 (a)(1). A facility shall follow the procedures required under AS 47.30.836 - 47.30.839 before administering psychotropic medication.
(d) A locked quiet room, or other form of physical restraint, may not be used, except as provided in this subsection, unless a patient is likely to physically harm self or others unless restrained. The form of restraint used shall be that which is in the patient's best interest and which constitutes the least restrictive alternative available. When practicable, the patient shall be consulted as to the patient's preference among forms of adequate, medically advisable restraints including medication, and that preference shall be honored. Nothing in this section is intended to limit the right of staff to use a quiet room at the patient's request or with the patient's knowing concurrence when considered in the best interests of the patient. Patients placed in a quiet room or other physical restraint shall be checked at least every 15 minutes or more often if good medical practice so indicates. Patients in a quiet room must be visited by a staff member at least once every hour and must be given adequate food and drink and access to bathroom facilities. At no time may a patient be kept in a quiet room or other form of physical restraint against the patient's will longer than necessary to accomplish the purposes set out in this subsection. All uses of a quiet room or other restraint shall be recorded in the patient's medical record, the information including but not limited to the reasons for its use, the duration of use, and the name of the authorizing staff member.
(e) [Repealed, Sec. 12 ch 109 SLA 1992].
(f) A patient capable of giving informed consent has the absolute right to accept or refuse electroconvulsive therapy or aversive conditioning. A patient who lacks substantial capacity to make this decision may not be given this therapy or conditioning without a court order unless the patient expressly authorized that particular form of treatment in an advance health care directive properly executed under AS 13.52 or has authorized an agent or surrogate under AS 13.52 to make this decision and the agent or surrogate consents to the treatment on behalf of the patient.
(g) In no event may treatment include psychosurgery, lobotomy, or other comparable form of treatment without specific informed consent of the patient, including a minor unless the minor is clearly too young or disabled to give an informed consent in which case the consent of the minor's legal guardian is required. In addition, this treatment may not be given without a court order after hearing compatible with full due process.
(h) When, in the written opinion of a patient's attending physician, a true medical emergency exists and a surgical operation is necessary to save the life, physical health, eyesight, hearing or member of the patient, the professional person in charge, or that person's professional designee, may give consent to the surgical operation if time will not permit obtaining the consent of the proper relatives or guardian or appropriate judicial authority. However, an operation may not be authorized if the patient is not a minor and knowingly withholds consent on religious grounds.
(i) A patient upon discharge shall be given a discharge plan specifying the kinds and amount of care and treatment the patient should have after discharge and such other steps as the patient might take to benefit the patient's mental health after leaving the facility. The patient shall have the right to participate, as far as practicable, in formulating the patient's discharge plan. A copy of the plan shall be given to the patient, the patient's guardian, an adult designated in accordance with AS 47.30.725 , the court if appropriate, and any follow-up agencies.
(1) 'commissioner' means the commissioner of health and social services;
(2) 'court' means a superior court of the state;
(3) 'department' means the Department of Health and Social Services;
(4) 'designated treatment facility' or 'treatment facility' means a hospital, clinic, institution, center, or other health care facility that has been designated by the department for the treatment or rehabilitation of mentally ill persons under AS 47.30.670 - 47.30.915 but does not include correctional institutions;
(5) 'evaluation facility' means a health care facility that has been designated or is operated by the department to perform the evaluations described in AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915, or a medical facility licensed under AS 18.20.020 or operated by the federal government;
(6) 'evaluation personnel' means mental health professionals designated by the department to conduct evaluations as prescribed in AS 47.30.660 - 47.30.915 who conduct evaluations in places in which no staffed evaluation facility exists;
(7) 'gravely disabled' means a condition in which a person as a result of mental illness
(A) is in danger of physical harm arising from such complete neglect of basic needs for food, clothing, shelter, or personal safety as to render serious accident, illness, or death highly probable if care by another is not taken; or
(B) will, if not treated, suffer or continue to suffer severe and abnormal mental, emotional, or physical distress, and this distress is associated with significant impairment of judgment, reason, or behavior causing a substantial deterioration of the person's previous ability to function independently;
(8) 'inpatient treatment' means care and treatment rendered inside or on the premises of a treatment facility, or a part or unit of a treatment facility, for a continual period of 24 hours or longer;
(9) 'least restrictive alternative' means mental health treatment facilities and conditions of treatment that are
(A) no more harsh, hazardous, or intrusive than necessary to achieve the treatment objectives of the patient; and
(B) involve no restrictions on physical movement nor supervised residence or inpatient care except as reasonably necessary for the administration of treatment or the protection of the patient or others from physical injury;
(10) 'likely to cause serious harm' means a person who
(A) poses a substantial risk of bodily harm to that person's self, as manifested by recent behavior causing, attempting, or threatening that harm;
(B) poses a substantial risk of harm to others as manifested by recent behavior causing, attempting, or threatening harm, and is likely in the near future to cause physical injury, physical abuse, or substantial property damage to another person; or
(C) manifests a current intent to carry out plans of serious harm to that person's self or another;
(11) 'mental health professional' means a psychiatrist or physician who is licensed by the State Medical Board to practice in this state or is employed by the federal government; a clinical psychologist licensed by the state Board of Psychologist and Psychological Associate Examiners; a psychological associate trained in clinical psychology and licensed by the Board of Psychologist and Psychological Associate Examiners; a registered nurse with a master's degree in psychiatric nursing, licensed by the State Board of Nursing; a marital and family therapist licensed by the Board of Marital and Family Therapy; a professional counselor licensed by the Board of Professional Counselors; a clinical social worker licensed by the Board of Social Work Examiners; and a person who
(A) has a master's degree in the field of mental health;
(B) has at least 12 months of post-masters working experience in the field of mental illness; and
(C) is working under the supervision of a type of licensee listed in this paragraph;
(12) 'mental illness' means an organic, mental, or emotional impairment that has substantial adverse effects on an individual's ability to exercise conscious control of the individual's actions or ability to perceive reality or to reason or understand; mental retardation, epilepsy, drug addiction, and alcoholism do not per se constitute mental illness, although persons suffering from these conditions may also be suffering from mental illness;
(13) 'peace officer' includes a state police officer, municipal or other local police officer, state, municipal, or other local health officer, public health nurse, United States marshal or deputy United States marshal, or a person authorized by the court;
(14) 'persons with mental disorders' has the meaning given in AS 47.30.610.
(15) 'professional person in charge' means the senior mental health professional at a facility or that person's designee; in the absence of a mental health professional it means the chief of staff or a physician designated by the chief of staff;
(16) 'provider of outpatient care' means a mental health professional or hospital, clinic, institution, center, or other health care facility designated by the department to accept for treatment patients who are ordered to undergo involuntary outpatient treatment by the court or who are released early from inpatient commitments on condition that they undergo outpatient treatment;
(17) 'screening investigation' means the investigation and review of facts that have been alleged to warrant emergency examination or treatment, including interviews with the persons making the allegations, any other significant witnesses who can readily be contacted for interviews, and, if possible, the respondent, and an investigation and evaluation of the reliability and credibility of persons providing information or making allegations;
(18) 'state' means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the territories and possessions of the United States, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and, with the approval of the United States Congress, Canada.
Article 12. PERSONAL DECLARATION OF PREFERENCE FOR MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT
(a) The money in the mental health trust settlement income account established in AS 37.14.036 shall be used as provided in AS 37.14.041 , including to
(1) provide an integrated comprehensive mental health program as required by this section;
(2) meet the authority's annual administrative expenses; and
(3) offset the effect of inflation on the mental health trust fund.
(b) Expenditures under (a)(1) of this section shall provide for a reasonable level of necessary services to
(1) the mentally ill;
(2) the mentally defective and retarded;
(3) chronic alcoholics suffering from psychoses;
(4) senile people who as a result of their senility suffer major mental illness; and
(5) other persons needing mental health services, as the legislature may determine.
(c) The integrated comprehensive mental health program for which expenditures are made under this section
(1) shall give priority in service delivery to persons who, as a result of a mental disorder or of a disorder identified in (b) of this section;
(A) may require or are at risk of hospitalization; or
(B) experience such major impairment of self-care, self-direction, or social and economic functioning that they require continuing or intensive services;
(2) may, at the discretion of the board, include services to persons who are not included under (b) or (c)(1) of this section.
(d) In (b)(1) of this section, 'the mentally ill' includes persons with the following mental disorders:
(2) delusional (paranoid) disorder;
(3) mood disorders;
(4) anxiety disorders;
(5) somatoform disorders;
(6) organic mental disorders;
(7) personality disorders;
(8) dissociative disorders;
(9) other psychotic or severe and persistent mental disorders manifested by behavioral changes and symptoms of comparable severity to those manifested by persons with mental disorders listed in this subsection; and
(10) persons who have been diagnosed by a licensed psychologist, psychiatrist, or physician licensed to practice medicine in the state and, as a result of the diagnosis, have been determined to have a childhood disorder manifested by behaviors or symptoms suggesting risk of developing a mental disorder listed in this subsection.
(e) In (b)(2) of this section, 'the mentally defective and retarded' includes persons with the following neurologic or mental disorders:
(1) cerebral palsy;
(3) mental retardation;
(4) autistic disorder;
(5) severe organic brain impairment;
(6) significant developmental delay during early childhood indicating risk of developing a disorder listed in this subsection;
(7) other severe and persistent mental disorders manifested by behaviors and symptoms similar to those manifested by persons with disorders listed in this subsection.
(f) In (b)(3) of this section, 'chronic alcoholics suffering from psychoses' includes persons with the following disorders:
(1) alcohol withdrawal delirium (delirium tremens);
(2) alcohol hallucinosis;
(3) alcohol amnestic disorder;
(4) dementia associated with alcoholism;
(5) alcohol-induced organic mental disorder;
(6) alcoholic depressive disorder;
(7) other severe and persistent disorders associated with a history of prolonged or excessive drinking or episodes of drinking out of control and manifested by behavioral changes and symptoms similar to those manifested by persons with disorders listed in this subsection.
(g) In (b)(4) of this section, 'senile people who as a result of their senility suffer major mental illness' includes persons with the following mental disorders:
(1) primary degenerative dementia of the Alzheimer type;
(2) multi-infarct dementia;
(3) senile dementia;
(4) presenile dementia;
(5) other severe and persistent mental disorders manifested by behaviors and symptoms similar to those manifested by persons with disorders listed in this subsection.
(h) The authority shall adopt regulations defining the disorders identified in this section to reflect revisions in the diagnostic nomenclature of the health professions serving the beneficiaries of the trust. The authority shall review and revise the regulations as necessary. Regulations adopted under this subsection must be in the long term best interest of the trust and of persons with disorders equivalent to those identified in (b) and (c) of this section.
(i) In this section, 'an integrated comprehensive mental health program'
(1) means public health programs and services that, on December 16, 1994, are separately recognizable and administered, without regard to the administrative unit directly responsible for the delivery of the service; among the services included are services for the mentally ill, community mental health services, services for the developmentally disabled, alcoholism services, and services for children, youth, adults, and seniors with mental disorders;
(2) includes, at a minimum, each of the following services as appropriate:
(A) emergency services on a 24-hour basis;
(B) screening examination and evaluation services required to complete the involuntary commitment process under AS 47.30.700 - 47.30.815;
(C) inpatient care;
(D) crisis stabilization services, which may include:
(i) active community outreach;
(ii) in-hospital contact;
(iii) mobile crisis teams of mental health professionals;
(iv) crisis beds to provide a short term residential program for persons experiencing an acute episode of mental illness that requires temporary removal from a home environment;
(E) treatment services, which may include
(i) diagnosis, testing, and evaluation of medical needs;
(ii) medication monitoring;
(iii) physical examinations;
(iv) dispensing psychotropic and other medication;
(vi) individual or group therapy;
(F) case management, which may include
(i) evaluation of needs;
(ii) development of individualized treatment plans;
(iii) enhancement of access to available resources and programs;
(iv) development of interagency contacts and family involvement;
(G) daily structure and support, which may include
(i) daily living skills training;
(ii) socialization activities;
(v) day care services;
(vi) client and care provider education and support services;
(H) residential services, which may include
(i) crisis or respite care;
(ii) board and care;
(iii) foster care, group homes, halfway houses, or supervised apartments;
(iv) intermediate care facilities;
(v) long-term care facilities;
(vi) in-home care;
(I) vocational services, which may include
(i) prevocational services;
(ii) work adjustment;
(iii) supported work;
(iv) sheltered work;
(v) training in which participants achieve useful work experience;
(J) outpatient screening, diagnosis, and treatment services, including individual, family, and group psychotherapy, counseling, and referral;
(K) prevention and education services, including consultation with organizations, providers, and the public; and
(L) administrative services, including appropriate operating expenses of state agencies and other service providers.
(j) The authority shall adopt regulations regarding the services described in (i) of this section to reflect advances in the appropriate professions. The authority shall review and revise the regulations as necessary. Regulations adopted under this subsection must be in the long term best interest of the mental health trust.