USA Minnesota

USA Statutes : minnesota
Title : FORESTRY
Chapter : Timber lands
90.005 Surveyor general, office abolished; functions transferred to natural resources commissioner. Subdivision 1. Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1
Subd. 2. Interpretation of references. Whenever in any other
general law, or resolution of the legislature heretofore or hereafter
adopted, or in any document, record, or proceeding authorized by the
same, any word or phrase is used in reference to or descriptive of
the surveyor general, or officer or employee thereof, or their
respective activities, whose powers, duties, or activities are by
Laws 1967, chapter 568 assigned or transferred to the commissioner of
natural resources, such word, phrase, or reference shall hereafter be
deemed to refer to, include, and describe the commissioner of natural
resources, or officers or employees of the commissioner. Subd.
3. Continuation of surveyor general powers and duties. The
Department of Natural Resources is deemed and held to constitute a
continuation of the Office of the Surveyor General as to powers and
duties of the surveyor general transferred by Laws 1967, chapter 568,
and not a new authority for the purpose of succession to all rights,
powers, duties and obligations of the surveyor general as constituted
at the time of such assignment or transfer, with the same force and
effect as if such powers and duties had not been assigned or
transferred. Subd. 4. Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1 Subd. 5.
Repealed, 1996 c 310 s 1 Subd. 6. Unexpended funds. All
unexpended funds appropriated to the surveyor general for the purpose
of any of its functions, powers, or duties which are transferred by
Laws 1967, chapter 568 to the commissioner of natural resources, are
hereby transferred to the commissioner. Where unexpended funds
appropriated to the surveyor general for the purposes of any of its
functions, powers or duties are changed by Laws 1967, chapter 568 so
that the functions, powers or duties are in more than one department,
commission, or agency, the commissioner of administration shall
allocate the appropriation between the state departments,
commissions, or agencies concerned, and the funds so allocated are
reappropriated therefor. Subd. 7. Employees. Except as
otherwise provided in Laws 1967, chapter 568, all persons in the
classified service and employed by the surveyor general for the
purposes of any of its functions, powers or duties which are
transferred by Laws 1967, chapter 568 to the commissioner of natural
resources are hereby transferred to such commissioner. The positions
of all persons in the unclassified service and employed by the
surveyor general for the purposes of powers or duties which are
transferred by Laws 1967, chapter 568 to the commissioner of natural
resources are hereby abolished.
90.01 Definitions.
Subdivision 1. Applicability. Unless the language or context
clearly indicates that a different meaning is indicated, the
following terms, for the purposes of this chapter shall have the
meanings ascribed to them. Subd. 2. Department.
"Department" means the Department of Natural Resources of the state
of Minnesota. Subd. 3. Commissioner. "Commissioner"
means the commissioner of natural resources or agents thereof.
Subd. 4. Scaler. "Scaler" means a qualified bonded person
designated by the commissioner to measure cut forest products.
Subd. 5. State appraiser. "State appraiser" means an
employee of the department designated by the commissioner to appraise
state lands. Subd. 6. Timber. "Timber" means trees that
will produce forest products of value whether standing or down, and
including but not limited to logs, posts, poles, bolts, pulpwood,
cordwood, lumber and decorative material. Subd. 7.
Permit. "Permit" means the written authorization of the
commissioner to cut timber on state lands. Subd. 8. Permit
holder. "Permit holder" means the person holding a permit to cut
timber on state lands. Subd. 9. Repealed, 2005 c 141 s 14
Subd. 10. Forestry administrative area. "Forestry
administrative area" means the smallest geographic subdivision of the
state designated by the commissioner for the purposes of supervising
forestry employees and directing practices and programs. Subd.
11. Effective permit. "Effective permit" means a permit for
which the commissioner has on file full or partial surety as required
by section 90.161,
90.162,
90.163,
or 90.173
or, in the case of permits issued according to section 90.191
or 90.195,
the commissioner has received a down payment equal to the full
appraised value. Subd. 12. Responsible bidder.
"Responsible bidder" means a person who is financially responsible;
demonstrates the judgment, skill, ability, capacity, and integrity
requisite and necessary to perform according to the terms of a permit
issued under this chapter; and is not currently debarred by another
government entity for any cause.
90.02 Citation, statement of policy. This chapter may be cited as the State Timber Act.It is the intent and desire of the Minnesota legislature to
provide equal opportunity for all segments of our society to
participate in the sale process; and attempt to prevent the purchase
or acquisition of excessive volumes of the state's timber resources
by any one individual or corporation. The commissioner shall
establish specific timber sale allocation standards to reach this
objective; including provision for sale of all timber species by each
method of sale specified in this chapter; and maintaining reasonable
proportions of volume in each method of sale. The standards shall be
included in each edition of the timber sales manual published by the
commissioner. The standards are not subject to the rulemaking
provisions of chapter 14 and section 14.386
does not apply.
90.03 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 38
90.031 Executive Council and commissioner powers. Subdivision 1. Repealed, 1967 c 66 s 3Subd. 2. Repealed, 1967 c 66 s 3 Subd. 3.
Settlement. The commissioner may make settlement for not less
than the full value of any timber cut by lessees of state lands
holding under section 92.50.Subd. 4. Timber rules. The Executive Council may
formulate and establish, from time to time, rules it deems advisable
for the transaction of timber business of the state, including
approval of the sale of timber on any tract in a lot exceeding 6,000
cords in volume when the sale is in the best interests of the state,
and may abrogate, modify, or suspend rules at its pleasure.
Subd. 5. Appointment of agents. The Executive Council may
appoint one or more agents to gather evidence in any action brought
by the state or to investigate the correctness of any state
appraiser's or scaler's report or to ascertain whether any timber
proposed to be sold is subject to sale, or whether any trespass has
been committed on state lands, and may send such agent to examine
such timber or lands. Such agents of the Executive Council,
independently of the commissioner, state appraisers, or scalers shall
report, in writing, to the governor, and the money necessary to
defray expenses in connection therewith shall be paid upon verified
accounts from any funds available for the expenses of the Executive
Council.
90.04 Renumbered 90.061, subds 5-7
90.041 Commissioner powers and duties. Subdivision 1. General duties. The
commissioner shall make thorough inquiry into the extent, character,
and value of the timber on all state lands and shall take such
measures as will protect the timber from damage or loss by fire,
trespass, or otherwise; and make such rules, in conformity with the
other provisions of this chapter, for the care and control of the
lands and for the sale of the timber thereon, as will best protect
the interests of the state. Subd. 2. Trespass on state
lands. The commissioner may compromise and settle, with the
approval of the attorney general, upon terms the commissioner deems
just, any claim of the state for casual and involuntary trespass upon
state lands or timber; provided that no claim shall be settled for
less than the full value of all timber or other materials taken in
casual trespass or the full amount of all actual damage or loss
suffered by the state as a result. The commissioner shall advise the
Executive Council of any information acquired by the commissioner
concerning any trespass on state lands, giving all details and names
of witnesses and all compromises and settlements made under this
subdivision. Subd. 3. Repealed, 2005 c 141 s 14 Subd. 4.
Repealed, 2005 c 141 s 14 Subd. 5. Forest improvement
contracts. The commissioner may contract as part of the timber
sale with the purchaser of state timber at either informal or auction
sale for the following forest improvement work to be done on the land
included within the sale area: preparation of the site for seeding or
planting of seedlings or trees, seeding or planting of seedlings or
trees, and other activities relating to forest regeneration. A
contract issued under this subdivision is not subject to the
competitive bidding provisions of chapter 16C and is exempt from the
contract approval provisions of section 16C.05,
subdivision 2. Subd. 6. Sale of damaged timber. The
commissioner may sell at public auction timber that has been damaged
by fire, windstorm, flood, or other natural cause on notice that the
commissioner considers reasonable when there is a high risk that the
salvage value of the timber would be lost. Subd. 7.
Emergency declaration. The commissioner may declare an emergency
in the event of a catastrophe caused by fire, windstorm, flood,
insect, disease, or other natural cause. In the event of an
emergency declaration, the commissioner may grant an extension,
without penalty or interest, on an existing permit for standing
timber if the permit holder has entered into a purchase agreement to
harvest timber damaged by the natural catastrophe.
90.042 Public involvement process. Subdivision 1. Report to legislature. By
July 1 each year, the commissioner must provide a complete
description of the public involvement process for timber harvest
plans to the chairs of the legislative committees with jurisdiction
over natural resources policy and finance. The process must provide
public notice and public input in affected areas of proposed annual
harvest plans. Subd. 2. Public meetings. By May 1 each
year, the commissioner shall hold one or more public meetings in the
forested area of the state to inform the public of the manner in
which the proposed annual harvest plan for the next fiscal year is
proposed to be allocated between informal, intermediate, and regular
auction sales. The public shall be afforded an opportunity to
provide written and oral comments concerning the proposed allocation.

90.045 Appraisal standards. By July 1, 1983, the commissioner shall establish specific timber
appraisal standards according to which all timber appraisals will be
conducted under this chapter. The standards shall include a
specification of the maximum allowable appraisal sampling error, and
the procedures for tree defect allowance, tract area estimation,
product volume estimation, and product value determination. The
timber appraisal standards shall be included in each edition of the
timber sales manual published by the commissioner. In addition to
the duties pursuant to section 90.061,
every state appraiser shall work within the guidelines of the timber
appraisal standards. The standards shall not be subject to the
rulemaking provisions of chapter 14.
90.05 Renumbered 90.061, subds 1-4
90.051 Supervision of sales; bond. The department employee delegated to supervise state
timber appraisals and sales shall be bonded in a form to be
prescribed by the attorney general and in the sum of not less than
$25,000, conditioned upon the faithful and honest performance of
duties.
90.06 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 38
90.061 State appraisers. Subdivision 1. Designation; bond. The commissioner may
designate any qualified person as a state appraiser. Each state
appraiser shall be bonded in a sum of not less than $1,000,
conditioned upon the faithful performance of duties. Subd. 2.Arrest authority. Every state appraiser is hereby authorized
to arrest any person found trespassing or to have trespassed upon
state lands and deliver the trespasser to the sheriff of the county
and immediately enter a complaint before a court of competent
jurisdiction in the county charging the person so arrested with such
trespass, and the person so charged shall be arraigned and given a
hearing on the complaint. Subd. 3. Identification
required. Each state appraiser shall possess when on duty an
identification card provided by the commissioner. Any person not a
state appraiser who shall impersonate or claim to be a state
appraiser shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Subd. 4.
Document requirements. When an appraisal or valuation of any land
is made, the state appraiser shall place an estimate and valuation of
any timber thereon and make a separate appraisal report thereof; the
report shall be made from field notes made on the land, shall be
dated when made and, together with the field notes shall be made a
part of the records of the department. The state appraiser shall
sign each page of the field notes and appraisal report. These
records shall show that the state appraiser was actually upon the
land when the estimate and valuation was made. The appraisal
report shall state the amount of each kind of timber and the value of
each kind of timber for each 40-acre tract or subdivision and for
each tract designated in the government survey as a government lot or
portions thereof except that reports made for the purpose of timber
sales only shall include the percentage value of timber on such
40-acre tract or subdivision or government lot or a portion thereof
together with the total amount of each kind of timber and the total
value of each kind of timber for the sale unit. Subd. 5.
Appraiser duties. The duties of the state appraiser shall be to
appraise and place a valuation upon any state lands or any state
timber or any interest therein anywhere; to check-scale timber cut
from state lands in trespass, either situated upon state lands or
removed therefrom; to check-scale any scale of timber cut on state
lands; to make check-scales, by the stump and top, or any other
method, of timber removed from state lands; and to perform such other
duties as may be assigned. Subd. 6. Construction.
Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to in any way
amend any other provision of law relating to the appointment of
appraisers by other officials. Subd. 7. Land interest
prohibited. No state appraiser shall have any interest, directly
or indirectly, in any of the state land or material improvements
thereon and shall not purchase, directly or indirectly, any interest
in the same or any part thereof. Subd. 8. Appraiser
authority; form of documents. State appraisers are empowered,
with the consent of the commissioner, to perform any scaling, and
generally to supervise the cutting and removal of timber on or from
state lands so far as may be reasonably necessary to insure
compliance with the terms of the permits or other contracts governing
the same and protect the state from loss. The form of appraisal
reports, records, and notes to be kept by state appraisers shall be
as the commissioner prescribes.
90.07 Renumbered 90.301, subdivision 1
90.08 Renumbered 90.311
90.09 Renumbered 90.321
90.10 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 38
90.101 Timber sold at public auction. Subdivision 1. Sale requirements. The
commissioner may sell the timber on any tract of state land and may
determine the number of sections or fractional sections of land to be
included in the permit area covered by any one permit issued to the
purchaser of timber on state lands, or in any one contract or other
instrument relating thereto. No timber shall be sold, except (1) to
the highest responsible bidder at public auction, or (2) if unsold at
public auction the commissioner may offer the timber for private sale
for a period of no more than six months after the public auction to
any person who pays the appraised value for the timber. The minimum
price shall be the appraised value as fixed by the report of the
state appraiser. Sales may include tracts in more than one
contiguous county or forestry administrative area and shall be held
either in the county or forestry administrative area in which the
tract is located or in an adjacent county or forestry administrative
area that is nearest the tract offered for sale or that is most
accessible to potential bidders. In adjoining counties or forestry
administrative areas, sales may not be held less than two hours
apart. Subd. 2. Sale list and notice. At least 30 days
before the date of sale, the commissioner shall compile a list
containing a description of each tract of land upon which any timber
to be offered is situated and a statement of the estimated quantity
of timber and of the appraised price of each kind of timber thereon
as shown by the report of the state appraiser. No description shall
be added after the list is posted and no timber shall be sold from
land not described in the list. Copies of the list shall be
furnished to all interested applicants. A copy of the list shall be
conspicuously posted in the forest office or other public facility
most accessible to potential bidders at least 30 days prior to the
date of sale. The commissioner shall cause a notice to be published
once not less than one week before the date of sale in a legal
newspaper in the county or counties where the land is situated. The
notice shall state the time and place of the sale and the location at
which further information regarding the sale may be obtained. The
commissioner may give other published or posted notice as the
commissioner deems proper to reach prospective bidders.
90.11 Renumbered 90.031
90.111 Repealed, 1967 c 110 s 12
90.12 Renumbered 90.041
90.121 Intermediate auction sales; maximum lots of 3,000 cords. (a) The
commissioner may sell the timber on any tract of state land in lots
not exceeding 3,000 cords in volume, in the same manner as timber
sold at public auction under section 90.101,
and related laws, subject to the following special exceptions and
limitations: (1) the commissioner shall offer all tracts
authorized for sale by this section separately from the sale of
tracts of state timber made pursuant to section 90.101;(2) no bidder may be awarded more than 25 percent of the total
tracts offered at the first round of bidding unless fewer than four
tracts are offered, in which case not more than one tract shall be
awarded to one bidder. Any tract not sold at public auction may be
offered for private sale as authorized by section 90.101,
subdivision 1, to persons eligible under this section at the
appraised value; and (3) no sale may be made to a person having
more than 20 employees. For the purposes of this clause, "employee"
means an individual working for salary or wages on a full-time or
part-time basis. (b) The auction sale procedure set forth in
this section constitutes an additional alternative timber sale
procedure available to the commissioner and is not intended to
replace other authority possessed by the commissioner to sell timber
in lots of 3,000 cords or less.
90.125 Renumbered 282.38
90.13 Renumbered 90.191
90.14 Auction sale procedure. (a) All state timber shall be offered and sold by the same
unit of measurement as it was appraised. The sale shall be made to
the person who (1) bids the highest price for all the several kinds
of timber as advertised, or (2) if unsold at public auction, to the
person who purchases at any subsequent sale authorized under section
90.101,
subdivision 1. The commissioner may refuse to approve any and all
bids received and cancel a sale of state timber for good and
sufficient reasons. (b) The purchaser at any sale of timber
shall, immediately upon the approval of the bid, or, if unsold at
public auction, at the time of purchase at a subsequent sale under
section 90.101,
subdivision 1, pay to the commissioner a down payment of 15 percent
of the appraised value. In case any purchaser fails to make such
payment, the purchaser shall be liable therefor to the state in a
civil action, and the commissioner may reoffer the timber for sale as
though no bid or sale under section 90.101,
subdivision 1, therefor had been made. (c) In lieu of the
scaling of state timber required by this chapter, a purchaser of
state timber may, at the time of payment by the purchaser to the
commissioner of 15 percent of the appraised value, elect in writing
on a form prescribed by the attorney general to purchase a permit
based solely on the appraiser's estimate of the volume of timber
described in the permit, provided that the commissioner has expressly
designated the availability of such option for that tract on the list
of tracts available for sale as required under section 90.101.
A purchaser who elects in writing on a form prescribed by the
attorney general to purchase a permit based solely on the appraiser's
estimate of the volume of timber described on the permit does not
have recourse to the provisions of section 90.281.

90.15
Subdivision 1. Renumbered 90.061,
subd 8 Subd. 2. Renumbered 90.051
90.151 Permits to cut and remove timber. Subdivision 1. Issuance; expiration. (a)
Following receipt of the down payment for state timber required under
section 90.14
or 90.191,
the commissioner shall issue a numbered permit to the purchaser, in a
form approved by the attorney general, by the terms of which the
purchaser shall be authorized to enter upon the land, and to cut and
remove the timber therein described as designated for cutting in the
report of the state appraiser, according to the provisions of this
chapter. The permit shall be correctly dated and executed by the
commissioner and signed by the purchaser. If a permit is not signed
by the purchaser within 60 days from the date of purchase, the permit
cancels and the down payment for timber required under section 90.14
forfeits to the state. (b) The permit shall expire no later than
five years after the date of sale as the commissioner shall specify
or as specified under section 90.191,
and the timber shall be cut within the time specified therein. All
cut timber, equipment, and buildings not removed from the land within
90 days after expiration of the permit shall become the property of
the state. (c) The commissioner may grant an additional period
of time not to exceed 120 days for the removal of cut timber,
equipment, and buildings upon receipt of such request by the permit
holder for good and sufficient reasons. The commissioner may grant a
second period of time not to exceed 120 days for the removal of cut
timber, equipment, and buildings upon receipt of a request by the
permit holder for hardship reasons only. (d) No permit shall be
issued to any person other than the purchaser in whose name the bid
was made. Subd. 2. Permit requirements. The permit
shall state the amount of timber estimated for cutting on the land,
the estimated value thereof, and the price at which it is sold per
thousand feet, per cord, per piece, or by whatever description sold,
and shall specify that all landings of cut products shall be legibly
marked with the assigned permit number. The permit shall provide for
the continuous identification of the cut timber from the time of
cutting until delivery to the consumer. The permit shall provide
that failure to continuously identify the timber as specified in the
permit constitutes trespass. Subd. 3. Security
provisions. The permit shall contain such provisions as may be
necessary to secure to the state the title of all timber cut
thereunder wherever found until full payment therefor and until all
provisions of the permit have been fully complied with. The permit
shall provide that from the date the same becomes effective until the
expiration thereof, including all extensions, the purchaser and
successors in interest shall be liable to the state for the full
permit price of all timber covered thereby, notwithstanding any
subsequent damage or injury thereto or trespass thereon or theft
thereof, and without prejudice to the right of the state to pursue
such timber and recover the value thereof anywhere prior to the
payment therefor in full to the state. Upon recovery from any person
other than the permit holder, the permit holder shall be deemed
released to the extent of the net amount, after deducting all
expenses of collecting same, recovered by the state from such other
person. Subd. 4. Permit terms. The permit shall provide
that all timber sold or designated for cutting shall be cut without
damage to other timber; that the permit holder shall remove all
timber authorized to be cut under the permit; that timber sold by
board measure but later determined by the commissioner not to be
convertible into board measure shall be paid for by the piece or cord
or other unit of measure according to the size, species, or value, as
may be determined by the commissioner; that all timber products,
except as specified by the commissioner, shall be scaled and the
final settlement for the timber cut shall be made on this scale; and
that the permit holder shall pay to the state the permit price for
all timber authorized to be cut, including timber not cut. Subd.
5. Report provisions. The permit shall provide that the
permit holder upon request of the commissioner shall make a report in
writing to the commissioner under oath enumerating and stating the
amounts of timber cut under such permit, the kinds of timber removed
and the amounts of each in board feet, per piece, in cords, or any
other unit of measure, in the manner required by the commissioner.
Any false return or report made to the commissioner by any such
permit holder or by any one representing the permit holder shall
constitute a gross misdemeanor. Subd. 6. Notice and
approval required. The permit shall provide that the permit
holder shall not start cutting any state timber nor clear building
sites nor logging roads until the commissioner has been notified and
has given prior approval to such cutting operations. Subd. 7.Liability for timber cut in trespass. The permit shall
provide that the permit holder shall pay the permit price value for
any timber sold which is negligently destroyed or damaged by the
permit holder in cutting or removing other timber sold. If the
permit holder shall cut or remove or negligently destroy or damage
any timber upon the land described, not sold under the permit, except
such timber as it may be necessary to cut and remove in the
construction of necessary logging roads and landings approved as to
location and route by the commissioner, such timber shall be deemed
to have been cut in trespass. The permit holder shall be liable for
any such timber and recourse may be had upon the bond. Subd. 8.Suspension; cancellation. The permit shall provide that the
commissioner shall have the power to order suspension of all
operations under the permit when in the commissioner's judgment the
conditions thereof have not been complied with and any timber cut or
removed during such suspension shall be deemed to have been cut in
trespass; that the commissioner may cancel the permit at any time
when in the commissioner's judgment the conditions thereof have not
been complied with and such cancellation shall constitute
repossession of the timber by the state; that the permit holder shall
remove equipment and buildings from such land within 90 days after
such cancellation; that, if the purchaser at any time fails to pay
any obligations to the state under any other permits, any or all
permits may be canceled; and that any timber removed in violation of
the terms of the permit or of any law shall constitute trespass.
Subd. 9. Slashings disposal. The permit shall provide that
the permit holder shall burn or otherwise dispose of all slashings or
other refuse resulting from cutting operations in the manner now or
hereafter provided by law. Subd. 10. Injunctive relief.
The permit shall provide that at any time the state may bring an
action or suit to restrain, enjoin and prohibit the further cutting
or removal of timber or the further entry of the permit holder or
representatives upon any of the lands covered by the permit when in
the opinion of the attorney general any of the terms of the permit
are being or have been violated, which suit shall be without
prejudice to any other action or proceeding on behalf of the state.Subd. 11. Void for nonconformance. Except as authorized
under section 90.191,
any permit which fails to conform to the requirements of this section
or, in the case of a permit issued under section 90.121,
which fails to conform to the requirements of section 90.121,
shall be void. Subd. 12. Addition of unsold timber. The
permit shall provide that should the commissioner find it advisable
to salvage or remove for proper forest management certain unsold
timber within the permit area, this timber, with the written consent
of the permit holder, may be added at an appraised price to the
timber sold. Subd. 13. Repealed, 1994 c 551 s 12 Subd. 14.
Repealed, 1994 c 551 s 12
90.16 Renumbered 90.281
90.161 Surety bonds for auction timber permits. Subdivision 1. Bond required.
Except as otherwise provided by law, the purchaser of any state
timber, before any timber permit becomes effective for any purpose,
shall give a good and valid bond to the state of Minnesota equal to
the value of all timber covered or to be covered by the permit, as
shown by the sale price bid and the appraisal report as to quantity,
less the amount of any payments pursuant to sections 90.14
and 90.163.
The bond shall be conditioned upon the faithful performance by the
purchaser and successors in interest of all terms and conditions of
the permit and all requirements of law in respect to timber sales.
The bond shall be approved in writing by the commissioner and filed
for record in the commissioner's office. In the alternative to cash
and bond requirements, but upon the same conditions, a purchaser may
post bond for 100 percent of the purchase price and request refund of
the amount of any payments pursuant to sections 90.14
and 90.163.
The commissioner may credit the refund to any other permit held by
the same permit holder if the permit is delinquent as provided in
section 90.181,
subdivision 2, or may credit the refund to any other permit to which
the permit holder requests that it be credited. Subd. 2.
Failure to bond. If bond is not furnished, no harvesting may
occur and the down payment for timber shall forfeit to the state.Subd. 3. Subrogation. In case of default in payment by
the permit holder the surety upon the bond shall make payment in full
to the state of all sums of money due under such permit; and
thereupon such surety shall be deemed immediately subrogated to all
the rights of the state in the timber so paid for; and such
subrogated party may pursue the timber and recover therefor, or have
any other appropriate relief in relation thereto which the state
might or could have had if such surety had not made such payment. No
assignment or other writing on the part of the state shall be
necessary to make such subrogation effective, but the certificate
signed by and bearing the official seal of the commissioner, showing
the amount of such timber, the lands from which it was cut or upon
which it stood, and the amount paid therefor, shall be prima facie
evidence of such facts.
90.162 Alternative to bond or deposit requirements. In lieu of the bond or cash deposit
equal to the value of all timber covered by the permit required by
section 90.161
or 90.173,
a purchaser of state timber may elect in writing on a form prescribed
by the attorney general to give good and valid surety to the state of
Minnesota equal to the purchase price for any designated cutting
block identified on the permit before the date the purchaser enters
upon the land to begin harvesting the timber on the designated
cutting block.
90.163 Performance deposit option. In lieu of the bond or cash deposit equal to the
value of all timber covered by the permit as required by section 90.161
or 90.173,
a purchaser of any state timber may pay to the commissioner a
performance deposit of ten percent of the appraised value of the
permit for the express purpose of entering on the land to clear
building sites or logging roads in advance of cutting state timber.
No cutting of state timber, except that incidental to the clearing of
building sites or logging roads, is allowed until the purchaser has
met all of the requirements of section 90.161
or 90.173.

90.17 Renumbered 90.101
90.171 Assignment of auction timber permits. Any permit sold at public auction may be
assigned upon written approval of the commissioner. The assignment
of any permit shall be signed and acknowledged by the permit holder.
The commissioner shall not approve any assignment until the assignee
has given to the state a bond which shall be substantially in the
form of, and shall be deemed of the same effect as, the bond required
of the original purchaser. The commissioner may accept the agreement
of the assignee and any corporate surety upon such original bond,
substituting the assignee in the place of such original purchaser and
continuing such original bond in full force and effect, as to the
assignee. Thereupon but not otherwise the permit holder making the
assignment shall be released from all liability arising or accruing
from actions taken after the assignment became effective.
90.172 Annual reports.
Subdivision 1. Report to legislature. The commissioner shall
file an annual report on or before September 30 of each year with the
Legislative Reference Library providing detailed information on all
auctions and informal sales made in the previous fiscal year. The
report shall include but not be limited to the names and addresses of
all purchasers, volumes of timber purchased, species, appraised value
and sale price. The commissioner shall make copies of the report
available to the public upon request. Subd. 2. Report to
Executive Council. The commissioner shall report on or before
September 30 of each year or more frequently, as required, to the
state Executive Council concerning the status of the state timber
sales and timber management program, including any special problems
or changes occurring since the previous report.
90.173 Purchaser's or assignee's cash deposit in lieu of bond. (a) In lieu of filing
the bond required by section 90.161
or 90.171,
as security for the issuance or assignment of a timber permit, the
person required to file the bond may deposit with the commissioner
cash; a certified check; a cashier's check; a personal check; a
postal, bank, or express money order; or an irrevocable bank letter
of credit in the same amount as would be required for a bond. All of
the conditions of the timber sale bond shall equally apply to the
alternatives in lieu of bond. In the event of a default the state
may take from the deposit the sum of money to which it is entitled;
the remainder, if any, shall be returned to the person making the
deposit. When cash is deposited for a bond, it shall be applied to
the amount due when a statement is prepared and transmitted to the
permit holder pursuant to section 90.181.
Any balance due to the state shall be shown on the statement and
shall be paid as provided in section 90.181.
Any amount of the deposit in excess of the amount determined to be
due pursuant to section 90.181
shall be returned to the permit holder when a final statement is
transmitted pursuant to that section. All or part of a cash bond may
be withheld from application to an amount due on a nonfinal statement
if it appears that the total amount due on the permit will exceed the
bid price. (b) If an irrevocable bank letter of credit is
provided as security under paragraph (a), at the written request of
the permittee the state shall annually allow the amount of the bank
letter of credit to be reduced by an amount proportionate to the
value of timber that has been harvested and for which the state has
received payment under the timber permit. The remaining amount of
the bank letter of credit after a reduction under this paragraph must
not be less than the value of the timber remaining to be harvested
under the timber permit. (c) If cash; a certified check; a
cashier's check; a personal check; or a postal, bank, or express
money order is provided as security under paragraph (a) and no
cutting of state timber has taken place on the permit, the
commissioner may credit the security provided, less any deposit
required by sections 90.14
and 90.163,
to any other permit to which the permit holder requests in writing
that it be credited.
90.18 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 38
90.181 Statement of timber cut. Subdivision 1. Passage of title to timber. (a) The
commissioner shall transmit to the permit holder a statement of the
amount due therefor by the terms of the permit upon completion of the
cutting or at least annually in the case of an auction permit. Any
partial payment received may be applied to any items on the statement
as the commissioner shall determine. (b) The title to the timber
shall not pass from the state until the timber has been scaled as
required by the permit, full payment for the timber has been
received, and all other provisions of the permit have been fully
complied with. Subd. 2. Deferred payments. (a) If the
amount of the statement is not paid within 30 days of the date
thereof, it shall bear interest at the rate determined pursuant to
section 16A.124,
except that the purchaser shall not be required to pay interest that
totals $1 or less. If the amount is not paid within 60 days, the
commissioner shall place the account in the hands of the commissioner
of revenue according to chapter 16D, who shall proceed to collect the
same. When deemed in the best interests of the state, the
commissioner shall take possession of the timber for which an amount
is due wherever it may be found and sell the same informally or at
public auction after giving reasonable notice. (b) The proceeds
of the sale shall be applied, first, to the payment of the expenses
of seizure and sale; and, second, to the payment of the amount due
for the timber, with interest; and the surplus, if any, shall belong
to the state; and, in case a sufficient amount is not realized to pay
these amounts in full, the balance shall be collected by the attorney
general. Neither payment of the amount, nor the recovery of judgment
therefor, nor satisfaction of the judgment, nor the seizure and sale
of timber, shall release the sureties on any bond given pursuant to
this chapter, or preclude the state from afterwards claiming that the
timber was cut or removed contrary to law and recovering damages for
the trespass thereby committed, or from prosecuting the offender
criminally.
90.19 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 38
90.191 Informal sales of state timber; maximum lots of 500 cords. Subdivision 1.Sale requirements. The commissioner may sell the timber on
any tract of state land in lots not exceeding 500 cords in volume,
without formalities but for not less than the full appraised value
thereof, to any person. No sale shall be made under this section to
any person holding two permits issued hereunder which are still in
effect; except that (1) a partnership as defined in chapter 323,
which may include spouses but which shall provide evidence that a
partnership exists, may be holding two permits for each of not more
than three partners who are actively engaged in the business of
logging or who are the spouses of persons who are actively engaged in
the business of logging with that partnership; and (2) a corporation,
a majority of whose shares and voting power are owned by natural
persons related to each other within the fourth degree of kindred
according to the rules of the civil law or their spouses or estates,
may be holding two permits for each of not more than three
shareholders who are actively engaged in the business of logging or
who are the spouses of persons who are actively engaged in the
business of logging with that corporation. Subd. 2. Time
frame for cutting and removal. Upon receipt of a down payment for
the full appraised value, the commissioner may issue a permit
according to section 90.151
to cut timber within the time period specified by the commissioner,
which shall not exceed two years from the date of sale. Subd. 3.
Repealed, 2004 c 241 s 15 Subd. 4. Repealed, 2004 c 241 s 15
Subd. 5. Additional procedure. The sale procedure under this
section is an additional alternative timber sale procedure available
to the commissioner and is not intended to replace other authority of
the commissioner to sell timber in lots of 500 cords or less.
90.193 Extension of timber permits. The commissioner may, in the case of an exceptional
circumstance beyond the control of the timber permit holder which
makes it unreasonable, impractical, and not feasible to complete
cutting and removal under the permit within the time allowed, grant
an extension of one year. A request for the extension must be
received by the commissioner before the permit expires. The request
must state the reason the extension is necessary and be signed by the
permit holder. An interest rate of eight percent may be charged for
the period of extension.
90.195 Special use permit. The commissioner may issue a permit to salvage or cut not to
exceed 12 cords of fuelwood per year for personal use from either or
both of the following sources: (1) dead, down, and diseased trees;
(2) other trees that are of negative value under good forest
management practices. The permits may be issued for a period not to
exceed one year. The commissioner shall charge a fee for the permit
that shall cover the commissioner's cost of issuing the permit and
shall not exceed the current market value of fuelwood of similar
species, grade, and volume that is being sold in the area where the
salvage or cutting is authorized under the permit.
90.20 Renumbered 90.14
90.201 Void timber sales; refunds; adjustment of sale terms. Subdivision 1.Void sales; refunds. Any sale of timber made by fraud or
mistake or in violation of the provisions of this chapter shall be
void, the permit issued thereon shall be of no effect, and the holder
shall be required to surrender the same. In case of a sale made by
mistake the amount paid shall be refunded to the permit holder, or at
the request of the permit holder the commissioner may credit the
refund as payment upon any other timber purchased by the permit
holder. If timber has been cut on a permit which required
cancellation due to error by the state, it may be sold at single
stumpage rate without formalities. Subd. 2. Refunds on
final billing. The commissioner shall refund to a permit holder
any amount paid on a timber sale which exceeds the value of the
timber cut under that sale as determined on a final statement
transmitted pursuant to section 90.181.
The commissioner may credit a refund to any other permit held by the
same permit holder if the permit is delinquent as provided in section
90.181,
subdivision 2, and may credit a refund to any other permit to which
the permit holder requests that it be credited. Subd. 2a.
Prompt payment of refunds. Any refund of cash that is due to a
permit holder as determined on a final statement transmitted pursuant
to section 90.181
or a refund of cash made pursuant to section 90.161,
subdivision 1, or 90.173,
paragraph (a), shall be paid to the permit holder according to
section 16A.124
unless the refund is credited on another permit as provided in this
chapter. Subd. 3. Settlement of permit obligations.
When a permit holder dies or becomes permanently incapacitated, the
commissioner may cancel the permit and compromise and settle the
remaining obligations to the state. Subd. 4. Damaged
timber; reappraisal. When standing timber under a valid permit is
damaged through fire, windstorm, flood, or other natural cause, the
commissioner may reappraise the timber and modify the permit. The
commissioner shall ensure that the reappraisal is in the best
interest of the state and the trust.
90.21 Renumbered 90.151
90.211 Purchase money, when forfeited. If the holder of an effective permit fails to cut
any part thereof before the expiration of the permit, the permit
holder shall nevertheless pay the price therefor; but under no
circumstances shall timber be cut after the expiration of the permit
or extension thereof.
90.215 Renumbered 90.55
90.22 Renumbered 90.161
90.221 Timber sales records. The commissioner shall keep timber sales records, including
the description of each tract of land from which any timber is sold;
the date of the report of the state appraisers; the kind, amount, and
value of the timber as shown by such report; the date of the sale;
the price for which the timber was sold; the name of the purchaser;
the number, date of issuance and date of expiration of each permit;
the date of any assignment of the permit; the name of the assignee;
the dates of the filing and the amounts of the respective bonds by
the purchaser and assignee; the names of the sureties thereon; the
amount of timber taken from the land; the date of the report of the
scaler and state appraiser; the names of the scaler and the state
appraiser who scaled the timber; and the amount paid for such timber
and the date of payment.
90.23 Renumbered 90.171
90.231 Timber sales, marking of boundaries. Whenever timber on a tract of state-owned land
is sold, prior to the removal of the timber, the commissioner shall
designate the boundaries of such tract.
90.24 Renumbered 90.201
90.25 Renumbered 90.211
90.251 Timber scaling.
Subdivision 1. Scaling and check scaling procedures and
requirements; penalty. The commissioner shall institute scaling
and check scaling procedures for state timber sufficient to protect
the interest of the state. This will include the assignment of a
trained timber scaling specialist in the classified service to be
responsible for check scaling and to develop scaling and check
scaling techniques and standards. The scaling and check scaling
techniques and standards shall be approved by the commissioner.
Check scaling shall also be accomplished by other forestry
supervisors with reports forwarded to the timber scaling specialist.
The timber scaling specialist shall report any scaling deficiencies
or trespass to the commissioner. Any deficiencies requiring the
attention of the attorney general or State Executive Council will be
forwarded to these offices by the commissioner. All timber cut on
lands in the charge of the commissioner, except as expressly provided
otherwise by the commissioner shall be scaled. No timber may be
scaled until it is first properly identified as specified in the
permit. All scaling shall be done upon the land from which the
timber was cut; provided that the state appraiser, subject to the
approval of the commissioner, may designate in writing to a permit
holder another location where such timber may be scaled, counted or
measured; all logs individually scaled shall be numbered
consecutively, and the number of each entered upon the minutes of the
scaler; allowance shall be made for defects to make the timber
equivalent to merchantable timber. No state timber shall be removed
from the land where it was cut until it has been so scaled or counted
except as herein provided. Any person removing timber from the land
where it was cut, or from the place designated, before it has been so
scaled or counted is guilty of trespass. Subd. 2. Reports
of scaled timber. The scaler or state appraiser shall make
separate reports to the commissioner of all such timber scaled,
covering the respective permits. Each report shall describe the land
on which the timber was cut, the quantities of each kind or species
of timber, the total number of feet or other units of measurement, as
the case may be. Subd. 3. Final examination. Final
examination of lands and timber covered by any permit shall be made
by a state appraiser at or subsequent to the expiration of the permit
or of any cutting season and it shall be the duty of such appraiser
to ascertain and report the amount of any timber covered by the
permit and cut and left on the land or left standing thereon, but the
appraiser shall not report any timber cut and left which has been
marked as scaled. Subd. 4. Scaling requirements. No
state timber shall ever be scaled for or on behalf of the state by
any person except a state appraiser or scaler except as provided
otherwise by the commissioner, and as far as practicable the scaler
and appraiser shall not be the same person for any timber cut under a
permit. No scale, count, measurement, or estimate of state timber
officially made and reported by any state appraiser or scaler shall
ever be changed or altered by any other person, nor superseded or set
aside in any manner except as expressly provided in this chapter.
Reappraisals of unsold state land or timber may be made when deemed
advisable by the commissioner. Except as herein expressly provided
and as generally authorized by section 16D.09,
no claim of the state for timber from state lands shall ever be
settled or discharged for less than the full amount thereof as shown
by the scale or estimate of scalers, or of state appraisers, as the
case may be.
90.252 Consumer scale of state timber; weight measurement services; fees.
Subdivision 1. Consumer scaling. The commissioner may enter
into an agreement with either a timber sale permittee, or the
purchaser of the cut products, or both, so that the scaling of the
cut timber and the collection of the payment for the same can be
consummated by the consumer. Such an agreement shall be approved as
to form and content by the attorney general and shall provide for a
bond or cash in lieu of a bond and such other safeguards as are
necessary to protect the interests of the state. The scaling and
payment collection procedure may be used for any state timber sale,
except that no permittee who is also the consumer shall both cut and
scale the timber sold unless such scaling is supervised by a state
scaler. Subd. 2. Weight measurement services; fees. The
commissioner may enter into an agreement with the owner or operator
of any weight scale inspected, tested, and approved under chapter 239
to provide weight measurements for the scaling of state timber
according to section 90.251.
The agreement shall be on a form prescribed by the attorney general,
shall become a part of the official record of any state timber permit
so scaled, and shall contain safeguards that are necessary to protect
the interests of the state. Except as otherwise provided by the
commissioner, the cost of any agreement to provide weight measurement
of state timber shall be paid by the permit holder of any state
timber permit so measured and the cost shall be included in the
statement of the amount due for the permit under section 90.181,
subdivision 1.
90.26 Renumbered 90.251, subds 1-3
90.27 Repealed, 1967 c 568 s 14
90.28 Repealed, 1967 c 568 s 14
90.281 Rescales, recounts and reestimates. (a) Upon complaint of any interested permit
holder questioning the accuracy of any scale, count, or estimate of
timber made by any state appraiser, or at any other time the
commissioner determines in the absence of a complaint, the
commissioner may cause a rescale, recount, or reestimate thereof to
be made jointly by any two or more state appraisers, which when made
shall supersede and for all purposes take the place of the original
scale, count, or estimate, if and only when the scale or count varies
more than ten percent from the original or the estimate exceeds the
standards established by section 90.045.(b) As a condition precedent to the making of a rescale, recount,
or reestimate upon the complaint of any person, the commissioner may
require the person to make available such sum of money as the
commissioner deems necessary for the actual expenses thereof and to
forfeit the same to the state if the rescale and recount does not
vary more than ten percent from the original or the reestimate does
not exceed the standards established by section 90.045.
All forfeited money shall be paid into the state treasury and
credited to the fund or account from which the expenses of the
rescale, recount, or reestimate were paid.
90.29 Renumbered 90.251, subd 4
90.30 Renumbered 90.251, subd 5
90.301 Timber trespass on state lands; unlawful possession and sale; rewards; records. Subdivision 1. Trespass on public lands, damages.
Whoever without valid permit shall cut any timber upon lands owned by
this state, or held in trust by the state for the counties, or remove
or carry away any such timber, or any other property appertaining to
these lands, or shall commit any other trespass upon these lands, or
shall induce or assist another to do so, shall be liable to the state
for treble damages if the trespass is adjudged to have been willful
but liable for double damages only if the trespass is adjudged to
have been casual and involuntary. Any person found to have acquired
possession in any manner of any timber unlawfully cut on lands owned
by this state or held in trust by the state for the counties, shall
be liable to the state for twice the stumpage value thereof. It
shall be no defense to plead or claim a purchase of any state timber
from any one other than the commissioner, or a purchase of any timber
held in trust by the state for the counties from anyone other than
the county auditor, nor may it be claimed that any other person
should be joined as defendant; nor may any claim be made for
remuneration or allowance for labor or expenses incurred in preparing
such timber for market or transporting the same to or toward market.
Every such trespass willfully committed shall be a gross misdemeanor.Subd. 2. Seizure of unlawfully cut timber. The
commissioner may take possession of any timber hereafter unlawfully
cut upon or taken from any land owned by the state wherever found and
may sell the same informally or at public auction after giving such
notice as the commissioner deems reasonable and after deducting all
the expenses of such sale the proceeds thereof shall be paid into the
state treasury to the credit of the proper fund; and when any timber
so unlawfully cut has been intermingled with any other timber or
property so that it cannot be identified or plainly separated
therefrom the commissioner may so seize and sell the whole quantity
so intermingled and, in such case, the whole quantity of such timber
shall be conclusively presumed to have been unlawfully taken from
state land. When the timber unlawfully cut or removed from state
land is so seized and sold the seizure shall not in any manner
relieve the trespasser who cut or removed, or caused the cutting or
removal of, any such timber from the full liability imposed by this
chapter for the trespass so committed, but the net amount realized
from such sale shall be credited on whatever judgment is recovered
against such trespasser. Subd. 3. Penalty. In addition
to any other penalty provided by law, any person who shall remove,
transport, carry away, conceal, or convert to personal use any timber
unlawfully cut on state lands, knowing the same to have been so cut,
shall be guilty of theft of the same and prosecuted and punished
accordingly in the county where the property was cut or in any county
into or through which the property or any part thereof may be
removed; and when any corporation is guilty of the acts herein
declared to be theft, each officer of the corporation shall,
individually and severally, be guilty of such theft. Subd. 4.Apprehension of trespassers; reward. The commissioner may
offer a reward to be paid to a person giving to the proper
authorities any information that leads to the conviction of a person
violating this chapter. The reward is limited to the greater of $100
or ten percent of the single stumpage value of any timber unlawfully
cut or removed. The commissioner shall pay the reward from funds
appropriated for that purpose or from receipts from the sale of state
timber. A reward shall not be paid to salaried forest officers,
conservation officers, or licensed peace officers. Subd. 5.
Record of trespasses. The commissioner shall keep a record of all
trespasses reported, with the estimates, appraisals and settlements
thereof. Subd. 6. Ticket for theft violations. The
commissioner may design and issue a ticket in the form, and having
the effect, of a summons and complaint, for use in cases of theft of
state timber or other state property, where the value of the property
is within the limits established by section 609.52,
subdivision 3, clause (5). The ticket shall provide for the name and
address of the person charged with the violation, the offense
charged, the time and place the person is to appear before a court,
and any other necessary information.
90.31 Repealed, 1957 c 202 s 2
90.311 Possession of lands contrary to agreement, remedies. If any person
holds or continues in possession of any lands mentioned in this
chapter contrary to the conditions or covenants of any lease,
certificate of sale, permit, or other written agreement, that person
shall be liable to an action for the recovery of possession of such
lands and damages for the detention of the same. The commission of
trespass or waste upon these lands or the destruction or removal of
timber or other property therefrom may be restrained, enjoined, or
otherwise prohibited by any court of competent jurisdiction at the
suit of the state pending final determination of the rights of the
state therein, and permanently thereafter, as the facts may warrant.
No bond shall ever be required of the state in any such proceeding.

90.32 Renumbered 90.221
90.321 Prosecutions.
The attorney general shall prosecute or cause to be prosecuted by the
county attorney when the public interest so requires any person who
may be charged with any indictable offense under this chapter.
The county attorneys of the several counties shall promptly report to
the commissioner all trespasses committed upon state lands which may
come to their knowledge and when directed by the attorney general
shall prosecute all actions for any trespass or injury thereto, for
the recovery of the possession thereof, or otherwise. The county
attorneys shall prosecute all actions for trespass on lands or timber
on lands held in trust by the state for the counties in their
respective counties.
90.33 Renumbered 90.181, subdivision 1
90.34 Renumbered 90.181, subd 2
90.35 Renumbered 90.301, subds 2,3
90.36 Renumbered 90.301, subd 5
90.37 Renumbered 90.301, subd 4
90.38 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 38
90.39 Renumbered 90.411
90.40 Renumbered 90.412
90.41 State appraiser and scaler; violations, penalties. Subdivision 1.
Violations. Any state scaler or state appraiser who shall accept
any compensation or gratuity for services as such from any other
source except the state of Minnesota, or any state scaler, or other
person authorized to scale state timber, or state appraiser, who
shall make any false report, or insert in any such report any false
statement, or shall make any such report without having examined the
land embraced therein or without having actually been upon the land,
or omit from any such report any statement required by law to be made
therein, or who shall fail to report any known trespass committed
upon state lands, or who shall conspire with any other person in any
manner, by act or omission or otherwise, to defraud or unlawfully
deprive the state of Minnesota of any land or timber, or the value
thereof, shall be guilty of a felony. Any material discrepancy
between the facts and the scale returned by any such person scaling
timber for the state shall be considered prima facie evidence that
such person is guilty of violating this statute. No such
appraiser or scaler who has been once discharged for cause shall ever
again be appointed. This provision shall not apply to resignations
voluntarily made by and accepted from such employees. Subd. 2.Penalty. Every person who shall cut timber on state lands and
fail to mark the same, as provided by law, and the permit under which
the same was cut, shall be guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
90.411 Records as notice. The records kept by the commissioner pursuant to this chapter
shall be deemed notice of the facts therein set forth. All these
records shall be prima facie true and correct.
90.412 Statute of limitation not applicable; venue of proceedings. The statutes of
this state limiting the time for bringing either civil or criminal
actions shall not apply to any action brought by the state for
trespass upon any of its lands, or for violating any of the terms of
the permit under which timber is removed from state lands, or for
failure to pay the state for all the timber removed under any such
permit, or to any criminal prosecution instituted under this chapter.
Any civil action brought under this chapter may, at the election of
the attorney general, be brought in any county in this state.
90.42 Laws not affected. Nothing in this chapter shall be deemed or construed as
authorizing the sale, cutting, or removal, or as excusing damage or
injury to any timber reserved to the state and set aside for any
purpose, including state forests set aside under the Constitution of
the state of Minnesota, Article XI, Section 11, and laws enacted in
furtherance thereof, except as provided in the laws directly relating
to such reserved timber. All persons cutting or removing state
timber shall be subject to all laws now in force or hereafter enacted
governing the burning and disposition of slashings or other debris
resulting from timber operations, and concerning forest fires,
including the setting or spreading or prevention or control thereof
or liability therefor.
90.46
Subdivision 1. Renumbered 90.111,
subdivision 1 Subd. 2. MS 1957 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 31,38
Subd. 2. MS 1961 Renumbered 90.111,
subd 2 Subd. 3. Renumbered 90.111,
subd 3 Subd. 4. MS 1957 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 33,38 Subd.
4. MS 1961 Renumbered 90.111,
subd 4 Subd. 5. MS 1957 Repealed, 1961 c 202 s 34,38 Subd.
5. MS 1961 Renumbered 90.111,
subd 5 Subd. 6. Renumbered 90.111,
subd 6
90.47 Renumbered 90.231
90.50 Repealed, 2002 c 351 s 34
90.55 Repealed, 1967 c 22 s 1
90.60 Repealed, 1967 c 26 s 1
90.61 Repealed, 1967 c 26 s 1
90.62 Repealed, 1967 c 26 s 1
90.63 Repealed, 1967 c 26 s 1

USA Statutes : minnesota